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The mechanism of action for CBD is not yet clear, as this compound does not bind to CB1Rs or CB2Rs [Tsou et al. It distributes rapidly to highly vascularized organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys, as well as to various glands. [7] The botanist Li Hui-lin noted linguistic evidence that the "stupefying effect of the hemp plant was commonly known from extremely early times"; the word ma "cannabis; hemp" has connotations of "numbed; tingling; senseless" (e. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. [179] Nabiximols is a branded product name from a tincture manufacturing pharmaceutical company. People who are addicted to cannabis don’t get seriously ill without it, but might find it just as hard to quit the drug or regain control over their use. Guest blogger guidelines He admired the child care practices of the Lapps[108] and pointed out how healthy their babies were compared to those of Europeans who employed wet nurses. In North America, cannabis, in the form of hemp, was grown for use in rope, clothing and paper. Writers wanted Sativa is the most widespread variety, which is usually tall, laxly branched, and found in warm lowland regions. [87][88] However, maternal use of marijuana during pregnancy does not appear to be associated with low birth weight or early delivery after controlling for tobacco use and other confounding factors. Contribute to this site Cannabis is controlled as a class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. Alcohol and nicotine also prime the brain for a heightened response to other drugs and are, like marijuana, also typically used before a person progresses to other, more harmful substances. Guest post- What does that mean for hummus?. Hirata in 1924 that an XY sex-determination system is present. Some people can also become dependent on cannabis. Submit content Cannabis is first referred to in Hindu Vedas between 2000 and 1400 BCE, in the Atharvaveda. Writers wanted CB1 receptors are found in very high levels in the brain and are thought to be responsible for psychoactive effects. Writers wanted It is a cross-breed of Cannabis sativa and C. Nabiximols is used for treatment of spasticity associated with MS when other therapies have not worked, and when an initial trial demonstrates "meaningful improvement". Publish your guest post 4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. Short-term use increases the risk of both minor and major adverse effects. Another way is by understanding the relative THC content of the cannabis you smoke. Submit a guest post Through education, she aims to raise migraine awareness, destigmatize medicinal cannabis, and empower patients to make informed choices. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, 20894 USA. Submit guest article [76][77][27][78][79] Dutch Cannabis researcher E. [152] Linnaeus felt his work was reflecting the harmony of nature and he said in 1754 "the earth is then nothing else but a museum of the all-wise creator's masterpieces, divided into three chambers". Epidiolex is a purified form of CBD that does not contain THC. (2004), ‘Drugs of abuse’, in: Moffat, A. Read the latest updates on cannabis, cannabinoids and cancer – the evidence so far on the Cancer Research UK website. It might make it harder for you to become Prime Minister and produce great laws to minimise the harms of cannabis to society – even though many Prime Ministers and world leaders have admitted to using it!!. It should be pointed out that in ancient China, as in most early cultures, medicine has its origin in magic. [45] He travelled on foot and horse, bringing with him his journal, botanical and ornithological manuscripts and sheets of paper for pressing plants. He was also curious about the customs of the native Sami people, reindeer-herding nomads who wandered Scandinavia's vast tundras. [96]:18–19 A landrace strain of cannabis developed over centuries. Guest posting rules [54][55] The classification of Bryophyta is supported both by Puttick et al. Cannabinoid absorption is dependent on its route of administration. Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:. Can cannabis use kill you? Find out here. CB1 receptors - effects of endocannabinoids and d-9-THC Release of Anandamide (AEA) and 2- arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) to inhibit glutamate (Glu), Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), acetylcholine (Ach), dopamine, noradrenaline (NA) and serotonin (5-HT). Looking for guest posts He also gave the student free admission to his lectures. The greater number of naturalists who have taken into consideration the whole structure of man, including his mental faculties, have followed Blumenbach and Cuvier, and have placed man in a separate Order, under the title of the Bimana, and therefore on an equality with the orders of the Quadrumana, Carnivora, etc. Guest post by In a recent study of people with a first episode of psychosis, it was found that patients used higher-potency cannabis for longer durations and greater frequency compared with a healthy control group [Di Forti et al. Scientists have shown that if someone young is addicted to cannabis for a long time, maybe smoking it at least several times a week while whilst they are still at school, they might end up doing quite a bit worse on intelligence tests. The most psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC). Totipotent meristematic cells can differentiate into vascular, storage, protective (e. [102] In 1850 cannabis was entered into the United States Pharmacopeia. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. Supplying someone else, even your friends, can get you up to 14 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Chemical structures of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol. Low-THC cannabis products in Europe (December 2020). This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The X:A system was first described in Drosophila spp in 1925. Become a contributor Mary Queen of Scots beads stolen in castle raid3. Three months later, he moved to Stockholm to find employment as a physician, and thus to make it possible to support a family. Write for us The drug use must be "implicated" in the emergency department visit, but does not need to be the direct cause of the visit. [7] Some American medical organizations have requested removal of cannabis from the list of Schedule I controlled substances maintained by the United States federal government, followed by regulatory and scientific review. Cannabis smoke contains thousands of organic and inorganic chemical compounds. Guest blogger guidelines Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. Submit content The next year, he bought a neighbouring farm, Edeby. Marijuana use is also linked to other substance use disorders including nicotine addiction. Writers wanted The authors point out that there is a bidirectional cross antagonism which involves the antagonists of either receptor to block the other. When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. Guest post opportunities These statistics include visits in which the patient was treated for a condition induced by or related to recent cannabis use. [126] Although the epidemiological association is robust, evidence to prove a causal relationship is lacking. Backers of themed ETFs optimistic after rulings by UN and European Court of Justice boost investor sentiment. [70] This may or may not be lethal, depending on the hardiness of the tissue. West accuses Belarus of hijacking plane2. Smoking or inhaling: A sense of elation can start within minutes and peak after 10–30 minutes. This article will look at its causes, symptoms, and…. Cannabis, (genus Cannabis), genus of medicinal, recreational, and fibre plants belonging to the family Cannabaceae. [117] A 2012 meta-analysis found that deficits in most domains of cognition persisted beyond the acute period of intoxication, but was not evident in studies where subjects were abstinent for more than 25 days. Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including:. Writers wanted Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:. Cannabis is different to other Class B drugs as it comes under the discretionary warning scheme. Guest post: [127] But a biological causal pathway is plausible, especially if there is a genetic predisposition to mental illness, in which case cannabis may be a trigger. Guest posting "[5] Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly. Parts of England to trial self-isolation support5. Become guest writer The theological concerns were twofold: first, putting man at the same level as monkeys or apes would lower the spiritually higher position that man was assumed to have in the great chain of being, and second, because the Bible says man was created in the image of God[169] (theomorphism), if monkeys/apes and humans were not distinctly and separately designed, that would mean monkeys and apes were created in the image of God as well. Plants grown as industrial crops are the source of a wide range of products used in manufacturing, sometimes so intensively as to risk harm to the environment. Guest contributor guidelines Wood is used not only for buildings, boats, and furniture, but also for smaller items such as musical instruments and sports equipment. Guest post: Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. In one observational study, patients reported 6 fewer migraine attacks per month with varying daily doses of inhaled and edible cannabis. People use the dried leaves, seed oil, and other parts of the cannabis plant for recreational and medicinal purposes. Secondary psychoactive effects, such as a facility for philosophical thinking, introspection and metacognition have been reported among cases of anxiety and paranoia. Ten days after he was appointed Professor, he undertook an expedition to the island provinces of Öland and Gotland with six students from the university, to look for plants useful in medicine. Linnaeus added a second species to the genus Homo in Systema Naturae based on a figure and description by Jacobus Bontius from a 1658 publication: Homo troglodytes ("caveman")[176][177] and published a third in 1771: Homo lar. THC Ministry, which is the abbreviated and popularized name for the original Hawai'i Ministry of Cannabis Sacrament and all of its chapters, was founded in June 2000 by Roger Christie in Hawaii. Guest post by The true story of the men hired to take out the world's most notorious drug lord. This article will look at its causes, symptoms, and…. The mathematical PageRank algorithm, applied to 24 multilingual Wikipedia editions in 2014, published in PLOS ONE in 2015, placed Carl Linnaeus at the top historical figure, above Jesus, Aristotle, Napoleon, and Adolf Hitler (in that order). Want to write an article 2 per cent of adults aged 16 to 59 having used it in the last year. The fruit can be an achene or a drupe. Guest post courtesy of The use of CBD-based prescription medication Epidiolex to reduce some kinds of seizures is well established. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. Contributor guidelines states, it’s also prescribed to help with a range of medical conditions, including chronic pain, glaucoma, and poor appetite. Become a contributor The relation between the museum and the private collection was not formalised and the steady flow of material from Linnean pupils were incorporated to the private collection rather than to the museum. This post was written by [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. Each has its own effects and uses:. Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Approximately 630 plants are carnivorous, such as the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) and sundew (Drosera species). Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. Some studies state that while there is no proof for the gateway hypothesis,[273] young cannabis users should still be considered as a risk group for intervention programs. Products derived from plants include soaps, shampoos, perfumes, cosmetics, paint, varnish, turpentine, rubber, latex, lubricants, linoleum, plastics, inks, and gums. [191][192] It is unclear when cannabis first became known for its psychoactive properties. Light is an important resource because it is necessary for photosynthesis. Send your story ideas to yorkslincs. This may be due to inflammation and irritation of the airways. Guest author As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis (hemp, marijuana), Humulus (hops) and Celtis (hackberries). Anniversaries of Linnaeus's birth, especially in centennial years, have been marked by major celebrations. Chemical structures of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol. For reasons including increased popular support of cannabis use, a trend of cannabis legalization, and the perception of medical usefulness, more scientists are doing medical cannabis research. [237] Indian laws criminalizing cannabis date back to the colonial period. Contribute to this site [26] The genus Spirogyra is a filamentous streptophyte alga familiar to many, as it is often used in teaching and is one of the organisms responsible for the algal "scum" on ponds. Guest posts wanted A 2011 review considered cannabis to be generally safe,[29] and it appears safer than opioids in palliative care. Guest posts 440 BCE) Greek Histories of Herodotus record the early Scythians using cannabis steam baths. Some forms of cannabis or chemicals from cannabis have passed through the strict trials showing for example that it can help reduce painful symptoms for some people with MS. sativa subspecies into 13 varieties, including four distinct groups within subspecies culta. There may also be contaminants. Submit a guest post Becoming a donor will help ensure we can continue our work.


List of names for cannabis contribute to our site

[207] In the United States, the first restrictions on sale of cannabis came in 1906 (in the District of Columbia). Guest posting Greene described Flora Lapponica as "the most classic and delightful" of Linnaeus's works. Normal cognition is restored after approximately three hours for larger doses via a smoking pipe, bong or vaporizer. Publish your guest post During the auditory task, again these two compounds had opposite effects in the superior temporal cortex when subjects listened to speech and in the occipital cortex during visual processing [Winton-Brown et al. This post was written by Trema (including Parasponia). In a study carried out by Potter and colleagues, when the potency of cannabis seized by police in England between the years of 1996/8 and 2004/5 were compared, the median content of d-9-THC was found to be 13. In 1747, Linnaeus was given the title archiater, or chief physician, by the Swedish king Adolf Frederick—a mark of great respect. Some cannabis varieties (such as skunk) can contain much more THC than other types, and so give stronger effects or can be used in smaller amounts. Guest blogger Do the benefits of cannabis outweigh the risks? Find out here. Become a contributor Poorer school performance and increased incidence of leaving school early were both associated with cannabis use, although a causal relationship was not established. Guest posting guidelines [3] Preliminary evidence suggests that cannabis can reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and reduce chronic pain and muscle spasms. Quite a mouthful, isn’t it?. Want to write a post Some therapeutic benefit as an analgesic has been claimed for cannabis, and dronabinol is a licensed medicine in some countries for the treatment of nausea in cancer chemotherapy. [183] Butane and supercritical carbon dioxide hash oil have become popular in recent years. The following phylogenetic tree is from a cladistic analysis of DNA that was published in 2011. In this longitudinal study, a specific susceptibility gene which has been linked to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), was examined in a representative birth cohort followed to adulthood. Guest-post What can you expect if you buy your next pair of sunnies or eyeglasses from Roka Eyewear? Let's review. This is a guest post by The most rapid growth in cannabis abuse since the 1960s has been in developed countries in North America, Western Europe and Australia. Contribute to our site In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. "[152] The three main forms of cannabis products are the flower/fruit, resin (hashish), and oil (hash oil). By Russell Hope, news reporter. [94] Other side effects of cannabis use include cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Sponsored post: Genera plantarum: eorumque characteres naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm, et proportionem omnium fructificationis partium was first published in 1737, delineating plant genera. These habits have led to surprising lung injuries , where air has forced its way through tiny tears in the lung and ended up in places where it shouldn’t be, but these injuries are rare. The amount of cannabis in these products can vary greatly and sometimes other harmful drugs are added too. [181] Linnaeus tried to debunk some of these creatures, as he had with the hydra; regarding the purported remains of dragons, Linnaeus wrote that they were either derived from lizards or rays. Become guest writer The hallucinogenic effects of cannabis are mainly due to a compound in cannabis called THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Linnaeus's applied science was inspired not only by the instrumental utilitarianism general to the early Enlightenment, but also by his adherence to the older economic doctrine of Cameralism. Because his finances had improved and were now sufficient to support a family, he received permission to marry his fiancée, Sara Elisabeth Moræa. This chart below shows the classification in order to get to the order Rosales. The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. Submit post Antinausea medications are not usually effective for CHS. Cannabis itself isn’t either good or bad; it depends on the type, how it is used, in what situation, and who uses it. Submit your content It is suggested that these data illuminate the mechanism by which CB2Rs can negatively modulate CB1R function. They trap small animals and digest them to obtain mineral nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. [55][64] In 1940, Russian botanists Serebriakova and Sizov proposed a complex classification in which they also recognized C. During the verbal learning and retrieval of word pair tasks, d-9-THC modulated activity in mediotemporal and ventrostriatal regions, whilst CBD had no such effect [Bhattacharyya et al. [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. This is a guest post by [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. The effect of cannabinoids from cannabis on the endocannabinoid system doesn’t entirely explain how cannabis users feel and act when they are stoned. A whirlwind romance for two young lovers. Penalties exist for driving while under the influence of marijuana. Submit your content The extent of this impact may be greater in novice users, and paradoxically, those habituated to high-level ingestion may have reduced cognition during withdrawal. The family moved into the rectory from the curate's house. In the United States alone, it is believed that over 100 million Americans have tried cannabis, with 25 million Americans having used it within the past year. Linnaeus had already agreed to stay with Burman over the winter, and could thus not accept immediately. If you are young and think you might like to try cannabis, you don’t necessarily need to say yes at the first opportunity; waiting until you are older reduces the risks, and waiting for a perfect relaxed opportunity rather than the first available chance makes it more likely you’ll enjoy it anyway. Submit your content Some people use it looking for fun and laughter, some hope for medical benefits, some want help to relax. The colonial government of Mauritius banned cannabis in 1840 over concerns on its effect on Indian indentured workers;[206] the same occurred in Singapore in 1870. It leads to a high production of flowering material (sometimes known as ‘skunk’). This post was written by This article will look at its causes, symptoms, and…. [86] It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped before and during pregnancy as it can result in negative outcomes for both the mother and baby. Become lethargic and unmotivated. Accepting guest posts A tall canelike variety is raised for the production of hemp fibre, while the female plants of a short branchier variety are prized as the more abundant source of the psychoactive substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana. Submitting a guest post In North America, cannabis, in the form of hemp, was grown for use in rope, clothing and paper. The cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa L. Submit your content In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. Weed is detectable in bodily fluids for up to 30 days after last use. However, edible cannabis, which may contain higher amount of THC, can take a longer period of time to reach full effect as it must be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis. Submit content Since the beginning of the 20th century, most countries have enacted laws against the cultivation, possession or transfer of cannabis. This post was written by A recent study reported that in the UK nearly 1. Looking for guest posts They come in a solid form known as 'dab' or 'shatter' and can be used as e-liquids in vape pens. [27] At high doses, mental effects can include anxiety, delusions (including ideas of reference), hallucinations, panic, paranoia, and psychosis. Looking for guest posts [78] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Guest article It is also an offence to allow premises to be used for producing, supplying or smoking cannabis. If it is, consider talking to a doctor or pharmacist beforehand to make sure it won’t interact with any medications or supplements you take. Alcohol will increase dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment. Cannabis resin is a compressed solid made from the resinous parts of the plant, and cannabis (hash) oil is a solvent extract of cannabis. Become guest writer They see the use of cannabis as bringing them closer to God (Jah), allowing the user to penetrate the truth of things more clearly. Broberg thought Linnaeus was trying to offer a natural explanation and demystify the world of superstition. 18m at Empire Bingo in Swinton Road, Mexborough, near Doncaster. There is good evidence that the brown algae evolved independently from the others, from non-photosynthetic ancestors that formed endosymbiotic relationships with red algae rather than from cyanobacteria, and they are no longer classified as plants as defined here. Submit your content He also produced a book on the plants grown in the Uppsala Botanical Garden, Adonis Uplandicus. [119] Furthermore, effect sizes of significant findings were generally small. Delta-9-THC is metabolized in the liver and turns into 11-OH-THC. Looking for guest posts It should also improve classification accuracy for cannabis used recreationally. In addition, cannabis often comes in different strains. 3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Become an author Sign up for our daily updates here. Parts of England to trial self-isolation support. Accepting guest posts Perhaps consider some or all of these questions:. Christopher Tärnström, the first apostle and a 43-year-old pastor with a wife and children, made his journey in 1746. Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Gardeners Dictionary,[80] The conservative Scot actually retained in his dictionary a number of pre-Linnaean binomial signifiers discarded by Linnaeus but which have been retained by modern botanists. In one of the mounds, a leather pouch containing hemp seeds, and scattered hemp, coriander, and melilotus seeds were also recovered. With a few exceptions, the green plants have the following features in common; primary chloroplasts derived from cyanobacteria containing chlorophylls a and b, cell walls containing cellulose, and food stores in the form of starch contained within the plastids. [172] The new classification received less criticism, but many natural historians still believed he had demoted humans from their former place of ruling over nature and not being a part of it. Guest-post Plants have many cultural and other uses, as ornaments, building materials, writing material and, in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and psychoactive drugs. Nevertheless, Linnaeus is credited with establishing the idea of a hierarchical structure of classification which is based upon observable characteristics and intended to reflect natural relationships. [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). Eating/drinking – Cannabis may be baked into cookies or brownies, mixed with alcohol or brewed into a tea. Charophyta Rabenhorst 1863 emend. In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacteria. ESPAD Report 2019 (November 2020). [39][40] In 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize recreational use of cannabis. Submit a guest post [96] Human cultivation of plants is part of agriculture, which is the basis of human civilization. wrote in the Ming-I Pieh Lu that:. [58] The direction of cause and effect, however, is unclear. Submit your content However, this can go up to a month for regular users. [48] The long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. Plants figure prominently in mythology, religion and literature. Contributing writer [261] This is disputed for various reasons, and there is little consensus as to whether this is a fact or an artifact of poor testing methodologies. Write for us Because of the illegal status of cannabis, its consumers are likely to find themselves in situations allowing them to acquaint with individuals using or selling other illegal drugs. Marijuana or marihuana (herbal cannabis)[20] consists of the dried flowers and fruits and subtending leaves and stems of the female Cannabis plant. It also required parties to "exercise an effective control of such a nature as to prevent the illicit international traffic in Indian hemp and especially in the resin". [288] This causes confounding factors, where questions arise as to whether the tobacco, the cannabis, or both that have caused a cancer. [5] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired, vomiting, and hallucinations.


Everything you need to know about cannabis want to write for

Yes, any time you mix drugs together you take on new risks. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάννᾰβῐς (kánnabis). Want to write for Originally there were small clubs of hemp smokers, bound by ties of friendship, but these eventually led to the formation of a religious cult. [261] This is disputed for various reasons, and there is little consensus as to whether this is a fact or an artifact of poor testing methodologies. But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. Guest post guidelines Colors may seem brighter, music more vivid, and emotions more profound. Guest post There he spent two-and-a-half years studying the flora and fauna of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Canada. Receptor heteromers provide better understanding of how these different neurotransmitter systems interact with each other. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. Research into the use of cannabis for treating chronic pain has yielded inconsistent results for neuropathic pain, spasms associated with multiple sclerosis and pain from rheumatic disorders. Guest post guidelines The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Submitting a guest post [111] Cloth is often made from cotton, flax, ramie or synthetic fibres such as rayon and acetate derived from plant cellulose. Near Gävle he found great quantities of Campanula serpyllifolia, later known as Linnaea borealis, the twinflower that would become his favourite. [59][60] The defense attorneys were not often successful in winning their case, because the intent of the law was clear. Want to contribute to our website Fruit produced by members of this family include apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, almonds, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, breadfruit, and jackfruit. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. Guest posts wanted By means of cells that behave like nerves, plants receive and distribute within their systems information about incident light intensity and quality. [13] The number of active chemicals in cannabis is one reason why treatment with cannabis is difficult to classify and study. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. For daily users, weed may be detectable for several months after last use. The potency and balance of the ingredients vary, depending on how the manufacturer grows and processes the plant. Paraphyletic groups are generally avoided in modern classifications, so that in recent treatments the Viridiplantae have been divided into two clades, the Chlorophyta and the Streptophyta (including the land plants and Charophyta). Submit article The number of species within the genus is disputed. Before this can happen, the FDA must first permit the study of the medical benefits and drawbacks of the substance, which it has not done since it was placed on Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act in 1970. Suggest a post The Linnean Society of London has awarded the Linnean Medal for excellence in botany or zoology since 1888. Suggest a post 3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Guest posts wanted brown algae/diatoms, haptophytes, dinoflagellates, and euglenids) not only have different pigments but also have chloroplasts with three or four surrounding membranes. Since ancient humans used hemp seed as food, it was quite natural for them to also discover the medicinal properties of the plant. Det Insp Kelly said during these operations they had spotted the new technique to steal electricity. Guest-blogger In the brain, CB1Rs are found at the terminals of central and peripheral neurons, where they mostly mediate inhibitory action on ongoing release of a number of excitatory and inhibitory dopaminergic, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamatergic, serotoninergic, noradrenalin and acetylcholine neurotransmitter systems (Figure 1). Toronto lockdown: A year without indoor dining. Guest posting rules The gametophytes of all vascular plant groups evolved to become reduced in size and prominence in the life cycle. Contributing writer In October that same year, his wife and nine-month-old son followed him to live in Uppsala. This is a guest post by An analysis by Drug Science which added up and compared the harm caused by 20 different drugs in the UK placed cannabis roughly in the middle; it causes more harm to society than several other illegal drugs (mostly because there are many more users) but less harm to its users than the legal drugs tobacco and alcohol, both of which have a higher potential to cause serious illness and death. Thanks to Ethan Russo and Geoffrey W. A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. Contribute to this site Plants that produce grain, fruit, and vegetables also form basic human foods and have been domesticated for millennia. [169] This is the stock material from which all other preparations are derived. At the time, it was common for Swedes to pursue doctoral degrees in the Netherlands, then a highly revered place to study natural history. The Devonian period also saw the evolution of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. Suggest a post The American Medical Association[153] and American College of Physicians[154] do not take a position on the legalization of medical cannabis, but have called for the Schedule I classification to be reviewed. Poorer school performance and increased incidence of leaving school early were both associated with cannabis use, although a causal relationship was not established. Flowers are grouped to form cymes. [112] The Yanghai Tombs, a vast ancient cemetery (54 000 m2) situated in the Turfan district of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China, have revealed the 2700-year-old grave of a shaman. Guest post: The integument becomes a seed coat, and the ovule develops into a seed. [97] They are cultivars of the plant that originated in one specific region. Suggest a post [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. Possession can get you up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Writers wanted On 17 October 2015, Australian health minister Sussan Ley presented a new law that will allow the cultivation of cannabis for scientific research and medical trials on patients. His mother had disapproved of his failing to become a priest, but she was pleased to learn he was teaching at the University. Submit content [160] Below the rank of species he sometimes recognised taxa of a lower (unnamed) rank; these have since acquired standardised names such as variety in botany and subspecies in zoology. The research supporting CBD use for inflammation and pain is promising. These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. [270][271] A Pew Research Center poll found that political opposition to marijuana use was significantly associated with concerns about the health effects and whether legalization would increase marijuana use by children. Tärnström never reached his destination, dying of a tropical fever on Côn Sơn Island the same year. [4] It is difficult to predict the pharmacological response to cannabis because concentration of cannabinoids varies widely, as there are different ways of preparing it for consumption (smoked, applied as oils, eaten, infused into other foods, or drunk) and a lack of production controls. Guest posters wanted In the United States, for example, several states have legalized recreational and medical cannabis. The effects experienced by the cannabis (marijuana) user are variable and will depend upon the dose, method of administration, prior experience, any concurrent drug use, personal expectations, mood state and the social environment in which the drug is used. Guest-blogger At some point, his father went to visit him and, after hearing critical assessements by his preceptors, he decided to put the youth as an apprentice to some honest cobbler. CBD is not the only compound which shows different effects to its main ingredient d-9-THC, a partial CB1R agonist. This post was written by Rastafarians tend to be among the biggest consumers of modern Cannabis use. "Often extremely vulnerable people are recruited to look after the grows, living in appalling conditions full of fear. It distributes rapidly to highly vascularized organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys, as well as to various glands. Guest posts wanted [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. Most of them also gave some of their collection to Linnaeus when their journey was finished. Become guest writer In 1734, Linnaeus led a small group of students to Dalarna. A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. A 1997 proposed phylogenetic tree of Plantae, after Kenrick and Crane,[46] is as follows, with modification to the Pteridophyta from Smith et al. 4 mg of THC and 30 mg of CBD; mild to moderate dizziness is common during the first few weeks. "The medical cannabis, the problem with that is that physicians cannot prescribe it, so we want a drug product that we can get into the hands of physicians, into the hands of patients. [44] A follow-up review found that IQ deficit may be a precursor, rather than result, of cannabis use, and that social and environmental factors are a likely influence. [note 5][112] The book contained 1,200 pages and was published in two volumes; it described over 7,300 species. There have been few reports of symptoms lasting longer. Some examples are baked cookies or brownies or other edibles. Carbon dating has revealed that these plants may have been used for ritual/medicinal purposes in Xinjiang, China as early as 494 B. How to deal with social injustice via the magic of the capital markets, and Jay-Z. THC and its major (inactive) metabolite, THC-COOH, can be measured in blood, urine, hair, oral fluid or sweat using chromatographic techniques as part of a drug use testing program or a forensic investigation of a traffic or other criminal offense. [107] Smoking cannabis has also been shown to increase the risk of myocardial infarction by 4. Sponsored post: They undergo closed mitosis without centrioles, and typically have mitochondria with flat cristae. Cannabis is mostly used recreationally or as a medicinal drug, although it may also be used for spiritual purposes. Guest post It is very unusual in the UK for someone to go to prison just for possessing cannabis for personal use. Chemicals in cannabis might directly interfere with the long slow development of an adult brain, which doesn’t finish until people are in their mid-twenties. Guest post- [47] The highest risk of cannabis dependence is found in those with a history of poor academic achievement, deviant behavior in childhood and adolescence, rebelliousness, poor parental relationships, or a parental history of drug and alcohol problems. Topical: Transdermal patches allow the ingredients to enter the body over a prolonged period. Relative to inhaled consumption, peak concentration of oral THC is delayed, and it may be difficult to determine optimal dosage because of variability in patient absorption. Suggest a post 3rd century BCE) Erya dictionary defined xi 枲 "male Cannabis" and fu 莩 (or ju 苴) "female Cannabis". Cookies policy | Privacy policy | Terms and conditions | Contact us | Links. Guest blogger In North America, cannabis, in the form of hemp, was grown for use in rope, clothing and paper. [196] Other things named after Linnaeus include the twinflower genus Linnaea, the crater Linné on the Earth's moon, a street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the cobalt sulfide mineral Linnaeite. Guest blogger guidelines This journey was postponed, as Linnaeus felt too busy. Researchers looked at twins who differed in their cannabis use but had the same family background, it was the disadvantaged background not the cannabis use that made the difference to their success. Guest post People may still feel the effects the next day, particularly after a heavy session. Want to write a post If there’s a third occasion, you will be arrested and taken to the police station. Most of them also gave some of their collection to Linnaeus when their journey was finished. Submit an article Indeed drug challenge studies with d-9-THC on healthy volunteers have shown a broad range of transient symptoms, behaviours and cognitive deficits ranging from anxiety to psychosis to transient memory disturbance [D’Souza et al. Sponsored post by Ruderalis is the informal name for the short plants that grow wild in Europe and Central Asia. Linnaeus felt Uppsala was too noisy and unhealthy, so he bought two farms in 1758: Hammarby and Sävja. The ability to drive vehicles or to operate machinery may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. It is important to note that the federal government still considers cannabis an illegal drug and the distribution and sale of marijuana is a serious crime. Just three prescriptions have been administered by the NHS since 2018, industry reports. Want to contribute to our website Genera plantarum: eorumque characteres naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm, et proportionem omnium fructificationis partium was first published in 1737, delineating plant genera. Guest posting Some people don’t use tobacco at all and make weed-only spliffs - either because they prefer it that way or to avoid becoming dependent on nictotine. [24][25][26] Many populations have been described as sexually labile. Guest post courtesy of Charlie Hughes’ family drop their court case against NICE. They come in a solid form known as 'dab' or 'shatter' and can be used as e-liquids in vape pens. In the summer of 1746, Linnaeus was once again commissioned by the Government to carry out an expedition, this time to the Swedish province of Västergötland. THC and its major (inactive) metabolite, THC-COOH, can be measured in blood, urine, hair, oral fluid or sweat using chromatographic techniques as part of a drug use testing program or a forensic investigation of a traffic or other criminal offense. Other risks of regularly using cannabis can include:. Looking for guest posts Due to these effects, a person should not drive a car, operate heavy machinery, or engage in risky physical activities after using cannabis. Submit a guest post These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. Suggest a post By means of cells that behave like nerves, plants receive and distribute within their systems information about incident light intensity and quality. Tracee Ellis Ross, Dan Levy, Adam Curtis, Dan Pearson, Lisa Brice, Florian Krewer, Simone Ashley and others join a special edition dedicated to the future and finding the positives in life. Articles wanted At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. What can you expect if you buy your next pair of sunnies or eyeglasses from Roka Eyewear? Let's review. Most of the solid material in a plant is taken from the atmosphere. Sponsored post Some metabolites can be detected in the urine for up to 2 weeks following smoking or ingestion. This is a guest post by [68] When sold under the trade name Sativex as a mouth spray, the prescribed daily dose in Sweden delivers a maximum of 32.


Medical cannabis firm backed by Snoop Dogg begins trading in London this post was written by

Blog for us [96]:45–48 There are approximately 16 landrace strains of cannabis identified from Pakistan, Jamaica, Africa, Mexico, Central America and Asia. It has also been reported as useful as an anti-nausea drug in chemotherapy, and to relieve intra-ocular pressure in glaucoma patients. Among those testifying for the prosecution was Dr. [3] The noble family's coat of arms prominently features a twinflower, one of Linnaeus's favourite plants; it was given the scientific name Linnaea borealis in his honour by Gronovius. [107] Nonfood products include essential oils, natural dyes, pigments, waxes, resins, tannins, alkaloids, amber and cork. [42] Laws vary from state to state when it comes to the commercial sale. Guest blogger guidelines "[152] The three main forms of cannabis products are the flower/fruit, resin (hashish), and oil (hash oil). "If you have information that could help us identify those who set up these farms it's essential you come forward and tell us what you know. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. Become guest writer [10] The Cannabis plant has been highly prized for millennia for its hemp, which has numerous uses. [59] A 2003 meta-analysis concluded that any long-term cognitive effects were relatively modest in magnitude and limited to certain aspects of learning and memory. Want to write for The psychoactive effects of cannabis are known to have a triphasic nature. [81] Legalization of cannabis in Canada (as of 17 October 2018[update]) may help spur private-sector research, especially in terms of diversification of strains. While it is not necessary to use cannabis to be a Rastafari, many use it regularly as a part of their faith, and pipes of cannabis are dedicated to His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I before being smoked. As an adaptation to this kind of pollination, the calyx is short and there is no corolla. Submit guest article In relation to people with psychosis, health risks are even higher with stronger variants of the plant. The first seed plants, pteridosperms (seed ferns), now extinct, appeared in the Devonian and diversified through the Carboniferous. Ma, a Chinese name for hemp, predates written history and has been used to describe medical marijuana since at least 2700 BCE. [26] The genus Spirogyra is a filamentous streptophyte alga familiar to many, as it is often used in teaching and is one of the organisms responsible for the algal "scum" on ponds. Since the initial release of Systema Naturae in 1735, the book had been expanded and reprinted several times; the tenth edition was released in 1758. Also thanks to Dr Sanem Atakan for her help with the editing of the first draft. cannabis f (genitive cannabis); third declension. The endocannabinoid system is not there to be triggered by cannabinoids from cannabis; the fact that it can be manipulated by this plant may be due to a close co-evolution of humans and the cannabis plant family. Write for us In the present decade, cannabis abuse has grown more rapidly than cocaine and opiate abuse. [213] Cannabis has been available for recreational use in coffee shops since 1976. [9] In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn. His firm has also backed plant-based food companies such as Outstanding Foods and tech names like Klarna, Robinhood and Reddit. Blog for us This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[48] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[49] including nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycyclic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Plants are distributed almost worldwide. Rudbeck's former assistant, Nils Rosén, returned to the University in March 1731 with a degree in medicine. There are three varieties of the plant, Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Due to its higher THC content, C. Cannabis has some side effects such as drying out the mouth and eyes (which can look red and feel itchy), and generating a strong appetite; ‘the munchies’. [39][40] In 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize recreational use of cannabis. Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. The Duquenois test is considered to be specific for cannabinols. [23] (Although monoecious plants are often referred to as "hermaphrodites", true hermaphrodites – which are less common in Cannabis – bear staminate and pistillate structures together on individual flowers, whereas monoecious plants bear male and female flowers at different locations on the same plant. Guest article Cannabinoids can be extracted from cannabis plant matter using high-proof spirits (often grain alcohol) to create a tincture, often referred to as "green dragon". Writers wanted If there’s a third occasion, you will be arrested and taken to the police station. If you have chosen ‘yes’ to cannabis use, that firmly closes the door on avoiding risk entirely, but opens up a range of new choices you can make to push those risks down; the hows, whats, whens and whys. It will be the same to me whatever name we apply. [136] Investigators have suggested that this is an important factor in marijuana's effects, perhaps because cannabinoids may accumulate in the body, particularly in the lipid membranes of neurons. [63] Some plants grow as submerged aquatics, using oxygen dissolved in the surrounding water, and a few specialized vascular plants, such as mangroves and reed (Phragmites australis),[64] can grow with their roots in anoxic conditions. Myrmecophytes are plants that have coevolved with ants. It is usually consumed as an infusion in beverage form, and varies in strength according to how much cannabis is used in the preparation. Guest posting The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. While it is not necessary to use cannabis to be a Rastafari, many use it regularly as a part of their faith, and pipes of cannabis are dedicated to His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I before being smoked. "Skunk" refers to several named strains of potent cannabis, grown through selective breeding and sometimes hydroponics. The dried leaves and flowers harvested from cannabis have many uses. Articles wanted In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. Epiphytes may indirectly harm their host plant by intercepting mineral nutrients and light that the host would otherwise receive. A previous zoologist Rumphius (1627–1702) had more or less approximated the Linnaean system and his material contributed to the later development of the binomial scientific classification by Linnaeus. An extract of cannabis (Sativex) has been licensed in Canada. LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. Accordingly, possession of 30 grams (1. Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae (oleaster/Russian olive family) Moraceae (mulberry family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Rosaceae (rose family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family). Articles wanted [citation needed] In 1842, Irish physician William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, who had studied the drug while working as a medical officer in Bengal with the East India Company, brought a quantity of cannabis with him on his return to Britain, provoking renewed interest in the West. Guest poster wanted "We would strongly encourage anyone with any information or concerns about individuals or criminal groups illegally extracting electricity or interfering with the power network to contact Crimestoppers anonymously. Submitting a guest post [41] Other countries to do so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, plus 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia in the United States (though the drug remains federally illegal). Sponsored post Read the latest updates on cannabis, cannabinoids and cancer – the evidence so far on the Cancer Research UK website. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. [97] However, everyday use of cannabis may be correlated with psychological withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability or insomnia,[93] and susceptibility to a panic attack may increase as levels of THC metabolites rise. It varies in color from black to golden brown depending upon purity and variety of cultivar it was obtained from. Sponsored post According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, there were 455,000 emergency room visits associated with cannabis use in 2011. [note 9] I absolutely know of none. Hemp buds (or low-potency cannabis buds) laced with synthetic cannabinoids started to be sold as cannabis street drug in 2020. [127] But a biological causal pathway is plausible, especially if there is a genetic predisposition to mental illness, in which case cannabis may be a trigger. In one observational study, patients reported 6 fewer migraine attacks per month with varying daily doses of inhaled and edible cannabis. Guest post by Two inactive substances are also formed — 8α-hydroxy-Δ9-THC and 8α,11-dihydroxy-Δ9-THC — and many other minor metabolites, most of which appear in the urine and faeces as glucuronide conjugates. Regular users might consume one-eighth of an ounce per week. [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. Submit an article An analysis by Drug Science which added up and compared the harm caused by 20 different drugs in the UK placed cannabis roughly in the middle; it causes more harm to society than several other illegal drugs (mostly because there are many more users) but less harm to its users than the legal drugs tobacco and alcohol, both of which have a higher potential to cause serious illness and death. When heavy users do try to stop they can:. Guest article [229] On 1 January 2013, the first marijuana "club" for private marijuana smoking (no buying or selling, however) was allowed for the first time in Colorado. [note 9] I absolutely know of none. Carl von Linné's son (Carl Linnaeus) inherited the collections in 1778 and retained them until his own death in 1783. Chris Conrad: Upon leaving the seminary, Conrad worked in the anti-Vietnam War and civil rights movements for a number of years, but by 1988 found himself concentrating on cannabis activism. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Guest posting rules Andrew Dickson White wrote in A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom (1896):. Although cannabis is still illegal it seems that many people are finding a benefit from it. The second, ganja, consisting of the leaves and the plant tops, is smoked. Guest post: [288] This causes confounding factors, where questions arise as to whether the tobacco, the cannabis, or both that have caused a cancer. This produces a stronger more potent form of the drug which is sometimes referred to as Skunk. [7] Some American medical organizations have requested removal of cannabis from the list of Schedule I controlled substances maintained by the United States federal government, followed by regulatory and scientific review. This disorder, in which a person experiences withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug, may affect about 30% of people who use cannabis, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Contributing writer Normal cognition is restored after approximately three hours for larger doses via a smoking pipe, bong or vaporizer. "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. [4] Cannabinoid medicines are available in pill form (dronabinol and nabilone) and liquid extracts formulated into an oromucosal spray (nabiximols). Accepting guest posts Whittaker's original reclassification was based on the fundamental difference in nutrition between the Fungi and the Plantae. sativa as prohibited materials. Contributor guidelines Venus Flytrap, sensitive plant and resurrection plant are examples of plants sold as novelties. The genus Cannabis contains two species which produce useful amounts of psychoactive cannabinoids: Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, which are listed as Schedule I medicinal plants in the US;[4] a third species, Cannabis ruderalis, has few psychogenic properties. Carl's father was the first in his ancestry to adopt a permanent surname. Contributor guidelines In Exodus 30:23 of the Bible, God directed Moses to make a holy oil composed of “myrrh, sweet cinnamon, kaneh bosm and kassia”. The most researched compounds of the plant are d-9-THC and CBD and therefore we will mainly focus on these two compounds and their differences. Stomach ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach. Whilst d-9-THC alone increased pulse rate, disturbed time tasks and induced strong psychological reactions in the subjects, CBD alone provoked no such effects. After the rise of Confucianism, which spread from China through East Asia to Japan, the ingestion of cannabis resin for psychoactive, ritualistic purification was eventually suppressed in Japan, as it was in China. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2004), World Drug Report 2004, Vol. Sometimes tobacco is included in the spliff. This may have set the scene for the evolution of flowering plants in the Triassic (~200 million years ago), which exploded in the Cretaceous and Tertiary. In its listing announcement, OCT said its "primary market focus is the total addressable pain market, which is estimated to be worth at least £42. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. Guest-blogger [113] Cannabis users demonstrated increased activity in task-related brain regions, consistent with reduced processing efficiency.


Cannabis (drug) submit post

When eaten the effects take longer to start but often last longer too. Articles wanted The reported vulnerability factors mentioned here imply a strong genetic predisposition and there have been a number of studies looking particularly to specific genes which have been implicated in psychoses. Smoking or vaping cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of becoming addicted to nicotine which is the addictive drug in tobacco. Linnaeus began working towards his degree as soon as he reached Harderwijk, a university known for awarding degrees in as little as a week. Raw leaf is not psychoactive because cannabinoids are in the form of carboxylic acids. Other than a shared evolutionary origin, members of the family have few common characteristics; some are trees (e. Guest post courtesy of These groups also differ from green plants in that the storage polysaccharide is floridean starch and is stored in the cytoplasm rather than in the plastids. Most of us are very unlikely to ever get psychosis, but this depends on a combination of our genes and the life we live. Guest posting "The medical cannabis, the problem with that is that physicians cannot prescribe it, so we want a drug product that we can get into the hands of physicians, into the hands of patients. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. The authors suggest that CBD potentiates the pharmacological effects of d-9-THC via a CB1R-dependent mechanism [Hayakawa et al. Suggest a post [208] Canada criminalized cannabis in The Opium and Narcotic Drug Act, 1923,[209] before any reports of the use of the drug in Canada, but eventually legalized its consumption for recreational and medicinal purposes in 2018. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 3 May 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 May 2021), ASHP (updated 3 May 2021) and others. Tree rings themselves are an important method of dating in archeology, and serve as a record of past climates. Contribute to this site A review of this compound, along with d-9-THC and CBD by Pertwee suggests that plant extractions of d-9-THCV produces its antiobesity effects more by increasing energy expenditure than by reducing food intake [Pertwee, 2008]. This helps avoid detection but reduces the CBD production of the plant. This may have set the scene for the evolution of flowering plants in the Triassic (~200 million years ago), which exploded in the Cretaceous and Tertiary. [182] Hash oil can be the most potent of the main cannabis products because of its high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, which can vary depending on the plant's mix of essential oils and psychoactive compounds. Contributor guidelines Lack of investment-grade companies and questions over legality run counter to optimism. Contributing writer At the same time, CBD levels in seized samples have lowered, in part because of the desire to produce higher THC levels and because more illegal growers cultivate indoors using artificial lights. Do not leave prescription THC medications (dronabinol, nabilone), marijuana, hash oil, or cannabis-infused edibles any place where children, pets, or anyone else may unknowingly consume the product. Kingdoms were divided into classes and they, in turn, into orders, and thence into genera (singular: genus), which were divided into species (singular: species). Childhood Epilepsy Case Study: Gino Londra. Suggest a post This article will look at its causes, symptoms, and…. Cannabis for industrial uses is valuable in tens of thousands of commercial products, especially as fibre[108] ranging from paper, cordage, construction material and textiles in general, to clothing. indica (although other strains of this mix exist in abundance). CBD has also been proposed to have antipsychotic effects and is considered a potential antipsychotic medicine, particularly due its relatively low side-effect profile [Zuardi et al. Become a guest blogger Importantly, though, cannabis use involves people in the buying of illegal drugs, making it more likely that they will meet with an offer of other drugs. Cannabis use is associated with increased recruitment of task-related areas, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is thought to reflect compensatory activity due to reduced processing efficiency. [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Submit your content They mainly live in habitats where moisture is available for significant periods, although some species, such as Targionia, are desiccation-tolerant. Submit guest post Fruiting bodies, of which mushrooms are the most familiar example, are the reproductive structures of fungi, and are unlike any structures produced by plants. [127] He suffered a second stroke in 1776, losing the use of his right side and leaving him bereft of his memory; while still able to admire his own writings, he could not recognise himself as their author. Submit article Cannabis has some side effects such as drying out the mouth and eyes (which can look red and feel itchy), and generating a strong appetite; ‘the munchies’. Submit an article In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. Clifford was very impressed with Linnaeus's ability to classify plants, and invited him to become his physician and superintendent of his garden. Even more popular than the lectures were the botanical excursions made every Saturday during summer, where Linnaeus and his students explored the flora and fauna in the vicinity of Uppsala. Cannabis has held sacred status in several religions and has served as an entheogen – a chemical substance used in religious, shamanic, or spiritual contexts[59] – in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period dating back to approximately 1500 BCE, but perhaps as far back as 2000 BCE. [29] In 1727, Linnaeus, age 21, enrolled in Lund University in Skåne. Celtis), others are herbaceous plants (e. In 1729, Linnaeus wrote a thesis, Praeludia Sponsaliorum Plantarum on plant sexual reproduction. However, Clifford offered to compensate Burman by offering him a copy of Sir Hans Sloane's Natural History of Jamaica, a rare book, if he let Linnaeus stay with him, and Burman accepted. Craft farming, terroir, tasting notes and appellations is the new language of getting high. [86] Cannabis smoke was inhaled by Daoists, who burned them in incense burners. Guest posts Medical cannabis is unusually broad as a treatment for many conditions, each of which has its own state of research. Want to write for [154] He tried to rescue them from the neglect they had suffered during his father's later years, and also added further specimens. Want to write an article Some call it weed, some call it pot, and others call it marijuana. Guest post opportunities CB1 receptors are found in very high levels in the brain and are thought to be responsible for psychoactive effects. Following an 1836–1840 travel in North Africa and the Middle East, French physician Jacques-Joseph Moreau wrote on the psychological effects of cannabis use; he was a member of Paris' Club des Hashischins. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productivity and law enforcement costs. In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a medication that derives from cannabis, to treat two rare and severe types of epilepsy that do not respond well to other treatments. The second compound found was cannabidiol (CBD) by Mechoulam and Shvo [Mechoulam and Shvo, 1963]. [124][125] Both illegal and legal drugs derived from plants may have negative effects on the economy, affecting worker productivity and law enforcement costs. Contributor guidelines It can make people clumsy with their bodies and words. [191][192] It is unclear when cannabis first became known for its psychoactive properties. Guest posters wanted Animal research shows that cannabinoids may have antioxidant properties that may alleviate symptoms and limit neurological damage to the brain from stroke, seizures, lack of oxygen, and toxic drugs. The four major compounds are d-9-THC, CBD, d-8-THC and cannabinol, which have been most researched [Pertwee, 1997, 2008; Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012]. [105] In 2001, Canada became the first country to adopt a system regulating the medical use of cannabis. Guest blogger [111][110][112] Cannabis use is also associated with downregulation of CB1 receptors. [58] Another paper in the series on chemotaxonomic variation in the terpenoid content of the essential oil of Cannabis revealed that several wide-leaflet drug strains in the collection had relatively high levels of certain sesquiterpene alcohols, including guaiol and isomers of eudesmol, that set them apart from the other putative taxa. [169] This is the stock material from which all other preparations are derived. When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. Going to your doctor can help you access support towards finding a way to overcome cannabis addiction. Guest-blogger The latex of some species of fig trees contain the enzyme ficin which is effective in killing roundworms that infect the intestinal tracts of animals. Cannabis, like many organisms, is diploid, having a chromosome complement of 2n=20, although polyploid individuals have been artificially produced. Today, more and more people are using the term cannabis to refer to weed. Guest posts wanted Addictions to different drugs have very different consequences. Guest post- Additional Cannabis species were proposed in the 19th century, including strains from China and Vietnam (Indo-China) assigned the names Cannabis chinensis Delile, and Cannabis gigantea Delile ex Vilmorin. [45] The first genome sequence of Cannabis, which is estimated to be 820 Mb in size, was published in 2011 by a team of Canadian scientists. By checking this box I consent to the use of my information provided for email marketing purposes. One of a long line of peasants and priests, Nils was an amateur botanist, a Lutheran minister, and the curate of the small village of Stenbrohult in Småland. Blog for us Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed-upon definition. It can also make you hungry, known as having ‘the munchies’, or make you feel sick, known as ‘a whitey’. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. Guest column The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. Many report that the ‘stoned’ effect can come on rapidly and be disabling. Currently, Uruguay and Canada are the only countries that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. Publish your guest post [158][162] While the underlying details concerning what are considered to be scientifically valid "observable characteristics" have changed with expanding knowledge (for example, DNA sequencing, unavailable in Linnaeus's time, has proven to be a tool of considerable utility for classifying living organisms and establishing their evolutionary relationships), the fundamental principle remains sound. Articles wanted [213] Cannabis has been available for recreational use in coffee shops since 1976. Guest post- Table 1 summarizes the varying effects of these two compounds. Rubbing the ashes into the skin from smoked cannabis is also considered a healthy practice. [183] Homo lar has since been reclassified as Hylobates lar, the lar gibbon. Submit your content [133] In the United States, the legality of medical cannabis varies by state. There is concern that cannabis may contribute to cardiovascular disease,[105] but as of 2018, evidence of this relationship was unclear. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. Epidiolex is an oral solution for patients two years and older to treat Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome -- two severe forms of seizures that begin in childhood. [169] This is the stock material from which all other preparations are derived. Contributor guidelines 8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (uncertainty estimates 128. Want to write for The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. Guest-post This study has been replicated and it has been confirmed that those with schizotypal personality disorder carry a higher risk of experiencing psychotic symptoms with cannabis use [Stirling et al. Looking for guest posts These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the generation of reactive oxygen species. Submit guest article Members of this family can be trees (e. Contribute to our site For good quality herbal cannabis the price rose to £55, while for resin cannabis the average price was £27. Sponsored post [110] The first volume was issued on 24 May, the second volume followed on 16 August of the same year. Project Twenty21 - April Update. Guest author Professor Kilian Stobæus, natural scientist, physician and historian, offered Linnaeus tutoring and lodging, as well as the use of his library, which included many books about botany. [76] It eventually became, as it is claimed, the biggest playground in Europe. Plants have many cultural and other uses, as ornaments, building materials, writing material and, in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and psychoactive drugs. Guest post- However, having this type of reaction to cannabis even once is a strong indication that continuing to use cannabis could be very harmful. Submit guest post Vascular plants differ from other plants in that nutrients are transported between their different parts through specialized structures, called xylem and phloem. In 2020, the National Institute on Drug Abuse released a study backing allegations that marijuana is a gateway to harder drugs, though not for the majority of marijuana users. Sometimes the vein will actually pass tangent to the notch, but often it will pass by at a small distance, and when that happens a spur vein (occasionally a pair of such spur veins) branches off and joins the leaf margin at the deepest point of the notch. The Coal measures are a major source of Paleozoic plant fossils, with many groups of plants in existence at this time. Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. [4] Dronabinol, synthetic THC, is listed as Schedule II. Guest post: (consisting of cultivated plants), and C.


Cannabis (drug) submit guest post

Submit article [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. Guest post: (2004), ‘Drugs of abuse’, in: Moffat, A. Ten weeks later, Artedi drowned in the canals of Amsterdam, leaving behind an unfinished manuscript on the classification of fish. [41][42] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized in a greater number of countries. 4 million) in its initial public offering, with a starting market value of just over £48 million ($69. Hash oil is a resinous matrix of cannabinoids obtained from the Cannabis plant by solvent extraction,[181] formed into a hardened or viscous mass. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. Submit your content The ability to drive vehicles or to operate machinery may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. Another way of looking at the relationships between the different groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their evolutionary relationships. [117] Although there is no evidence of ephedra being used by steppe tribes, they engaged in cultic use of hemp. Get this delivered to your inbox, and more info about our products and services. Want to contribute to our website [119] Furthermore, effect sizes of significant findings were generally small. Guest column This article looks at the past and present types and diagnoses of…. Guest blogger THC Ministry, which is the abbreviated and popularized name for the original Hawai'i Ministry of Cannabis Sacrament and all of its chapters, was founded in June 2000 by Roger Christie in Hawaii. The shift of *k→h indicates it was a loanword into the Germanic parent language at a time depth no later than the separation of Common Germanic from Proto-Indo-European, about 500 BC. In Exodus 30:23 of the Bible, God directed Moses to make a holy oil composed of “myrrh, sweet cinnamon, kaneh bosm and kassia”. His mother had disapproved of his failing to become a priest, but she was pleased to learn he was teaching at the University. Rastafarians tend to be among the biggest consumers of modern Cannabis use. Accepting guest posts Both animal and human studies indicate that CBD has anxiolytic properties. Writers wanted Stomach ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach. At some point, his father went to visit him and, after hearing critical assessements by his preceptors, he decided to put the youth as an apprentice to some honest cobbler. Suggest a post Almost 70% of medical cannabis is exported from the United Kingdom, according to a 2017 United Nations report, with much of the remaining amount coming from Canada and the Netherlands. Despite advanced analytical techniques, much of the cannabis used recreationally is inaccurately classified. Researchers looked at twins who differed in their cannabis use but had the same family background, it was the disadvantaged background not the cannabis use that made the difference to their success. Guest posting guidelines Cannabis warnings could be issued to adults from 2004, while khat warnings could be issued to adults from June 2014. [44] Primitive land plants began to diversify in the late Silurian Period, around 420 million years ago, and the results of their diversification are displayed in remarkable detail in an early Devonian fossil assemblage from the Rhynie chert. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Contribute to this site Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. However, a popular cannabis and migraine support group has feedback suggesting CBD is most beneficial as a preventive treatment when taken daily in 30 to 50 mg doses. Fatalities directly attributable to cannabis are rare. The acute effects of cannabis use has been recognized for many years, and recent studies have confirmed and extended earlier findings. [90] Various surveys conducted between 2015 and 2019 found that many users of cannabis substitute it for prescription drugs (including opioids), alcohol, and tobacco; most of those who used it in place of alcohol or tobacco either reduced or stopped their intake of the latter substances. Guest poster wanted Nabiximols is used for treatment of spasticity associated with MS when other therapies have not worked, and when an initial trial demonstrates "meaningful improvement". [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. 80 things you may not know about Bob Dylan. 2 per cent of adults aged 16 to 59 having used it in the last year. Tobacco smoke can give you lung cancer, COPD, and other potentially deadly diseases. Guest blogger guidelines Sativa-dominant strains are usually taller and have thin leaves with a pale green colour. Become an author Court rulings in Georgia and South Africa have led to the legalization of cannabis consumption, but not legal sales. Submit content Usually, for a drug to be recognized as a proper medicine, scientists have to have done a trial in which they take a group of people who all have a particular problem or illness, give only half of them the drug, and find out if the people who were given the drug do better overall than the people who were not given it. Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. Sponsored post [58] The direction of cause and effect, however, is unclear. [4] As of 2018, medical marijuana in Canada is being legally distributed to registered patients in bud, drops and capsule forms by such companies as Canopy Growth Corp. The high lipid-solubility of cannabinoids results in their persisting in the body for long periods of time. At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. Hemp buds (or low-potency cannabis buds) laced with synthetic cannabinoids started to be sold as cannabis street drug in 2020. All of these plants have eukaryotic cells with cell walls composed of cellulose, and most obtain their energy through photosynthesis, using light, water and carbon dioxide to synthesize food. Guest post Linnaeus greatly respected Scopoli and showed great interest in his work. [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. Several other research groups have reported identification of male-associated markers using RAPD and AFLP. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Submit an article If you’re curious about trying cannabis, start by checking whether it’s legal in your area. Write for us Herbal cannabis (known as ‘cannabis flos’), with a nominal THC content of 18 %, is available as a prescription medicine in The Netherlands. Cannabis for industrial uses is valuable in tens of thousands of commercial products, especially as fibre[108] ranging from paper, cordage, construction material and textiles in general, to clothing. Looking for guest posts He failed to make Dillenius publicly fully accept his new classification system, though the two men remained in correspondence for many years afterwards. Looking for guest posts 8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (uncertainty estimates 128. [78] He went to London to visit Sir Hans Sloane, a collector of natural history, and to see his cabinet,[79] as well as to visit the Chelsea Physic Garden and its keeper, Philip Miller. In the United States, for example, several states have legalized recreational and medical cannabis. Guest post courtesy of Linnaeus suggested that children might absorb the personality of their wet nurse through the milk. Avoiding foods high in purines may help you reduce uric acid levels and minimize your chances of developing gout. Cannabis may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment. Guest blogger When smoked, it normally takes a minute or two to feel stoned. The available research indicates that the main two compounds, d-9-THC and CBD, whilst having similar effects in certain domains, also have almost opposite effects to one another in other aspects [Carlini et al. Guest post courtesy of In 2005, a genetic analysis of the same set of accessions led to a three-species classification, recognizing C. Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis (marijuana). Become an author Despite its significance in the endocannabinoid system, little is known about the cannabinoid transporters. Mechoulam and colleagues isolated the second endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG), 3 years later [Mechoulam et al. However, CBD was efficient in blocking most of the effects of d-9-THC when both drugs were given together. Submit an article It usually has more to do with nerves and blood flow than an…. Sponsored post In fact the different and opposing effects of the main two compounds of the plant were noticed in some early studies. Guest-blogger European Drug Report 2020: Key Issues (September 2020). Indica designates shorter, bushier plants adapted to cooler climates and highland environments. Plants grown as industrial crops are the source of a wide range of products used in manufacturing, sometimes so intensively as to risk harm to the environment. But cannabis remains illegal under federal law in the United States. Cannabis is frequently used among Sufis[135] – the mystical interpretation of Islam that exerts strong influence over local Muslim practices in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Turkey, and Pakistan. Submit article Two inactive substances are also formed — 8α-hydroxy-Δ9-THC and 8α,11-dihydroxy-Δ9-THC — and many other minor metabolites, most of which appear in the urine and faeces as glucuronide conjugates. Guest contributor guidelines Charlie Hughes’ family drop their court case against NICE. Contributing writer [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. Submit content Tuesday morning's raid followed "weeks of work by the Doncaster West Neighbourhood Policing Team", the force said. Hemiepiphytes like the strangler fig begin as epiphytes but eventually set their own roots and overpower and kill their host. [175] or from scraping the resin from the surface of the plants and rolling it into balls. Guest post policy Marijuana use in the United States is three times above the global average, but in line with other Western democracies. There are four stereoisomers of THC, but only the (–)-trans isomer occurs naturally (CAS-1972-08-03). Similarly to alcohol, cannabis can help people relax and feel pleasantly sleepy and ‘stoned’, or in another setting, people use it to socialize, feel ‘high’ and laugh. These nudges towards psychosis can include challenging, isolated lives, losing a parent, facing hostility (e. These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main structural component of the plant. [160] Below the rank of species he sometimes recognised taxa of a lower (unnamed) rank; these have since acquired standardised names such as variety in botany and subspecies in zoology. Anniversaries of Linnaeus's birth, especially in centennial years, have been marked by major celebrations. Submit post Charophyta Rabenhorst 1863 emend. Half of all drug seizures worldwide are cannabis seizures. Pollen, spores and algae (dinoflagellates and acritarchs) are used for dating sedimentary rock sequences. Want to contribute to our website [31][32] Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability in those who started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. On Linnaeus's recommendation, Solander travelled to England in 1760, where he met the English botanist Joseph Banks. Blog for us The first plant receptors of conserved microbial signatures were identified in rice (XA21, 1995)[79] and in Arabidopsis thaliana (FLS2, 2000). Guest post Using less is the simplest and most effective way to avoid harm. [136] The British botanist William T. Contributor guidelines 8% of the population aged 15–64). Guest post- If you are young and think you might like to try cannabis, you don’t necessarily need to say yes at the first opportunity; waiting until you are older reduces the risks, and waiting for a perfect relaxed opportunity rather than the first available chance makes it more likely you’ll enjoy it anyway. Linnaeus's dissertation was translated into French by J. [46] He sometimes dismounted on the way to examine a flower or rock[47] and was particularly interested in mosses and lichens, the latter a main part of the diet of the reindeer, a common and economically important animal in Lapland. Traditionally, kief has been pressed into cakes of hashish for convenience in storage, although it can be vaporized or smoked in either form. However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. It doesn’t mean all cannabis will cause you discomfort. state to legalize medical cannabis in defiance of federal law. Submit an article Less common side effects were "ocular problems, orthostatic hypotension, muscle twitching, pruritus, vagueness, hallucinations, lightheadedness and dry mouth". Contributing writer At the moment, the evidence for cannabis as a chemotherapy is incomplete and uncertain, it might help, it might not. The genome of a plant controls its growth. Become a guest blogger [145] However, the New Mexico Court of Appeals has ruled that workers' compensation insurance must pay for prescribed marijuana as part of the state's Medical Cannabis Program.


Cannabis: the facts - Healthy body submit guest post

Whenever he was upset, he was given a flower, which immediately calmed him. Endocannabinoids are removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters. Guest posts The main component of cannabis is THC formed from decarboxylation of THCA. As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. [262] Some suggest that results are skewed by older testing methods that included low-THC-content plant material such as leaves in the samples, which are excluded in contemporary tests. His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. Stomata are absent from liverworts, but occur on the sporangia of mosses and hornworts, allowing gas exchange. [93]:56–57 His lectures were normally very popular and were often held in the Botanical Garden. [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. The observations from the expedition were later published in Öländska och Gothländska Resa, written in Swedish. [176] It can be consumed orally or smoked, and is also vaporized, or 'vaped'. Submit your content His siblings were Anna Maria Linnæa, Sofia Juliana Linnæa, Samuel Linnæus (who would eventually succeed their father as rector of Stenbrohult and write a manual on beekeeping),[10][11][12] and Emerentia Linnæa. Submit guest article Read the latest updates on cannabis, cannabinoids and cancer – the evidence so far on the Cancer Research UK website. Parts of England to trial self-isolation support. Cannabis was criminalized in various countries beginning in the 19th century. This is a guest post by Because cannabis impacts the part of the brain we use for learning and remembering things, regular use by young people (whose brains are still developing) has been linked to poor exam results. The use of cannabis, at least as fiber, has been shown to go back at least 10,000 years in Taiwan. Become an author Amygdala abnormalities are sometimes reported, although findings are inconsistent. Want to write an article See the etymology of the main entry. [75] THC further distributes into fatty tissues a few days after administration due to its high lipophilicity, and is found deposited in the spleen and fat after redistribution. Some people say feeling 'stoned' makes them feel chilled out and happy in their own thoughts, while others say it makes them giggly and chatty. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, 20894 USA. Submit blog post This time can be very different from person to person. Before presenting the available evidence in the literature on the reasons for the varying effects of cannabis in different individuals, we will first review the present knowledge on the biochemistry of the cannabis plant and the endocannabinoid system. To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent. Guest post: Our minds respond to cannabinoids from cannabis because we have a system in our brains called the endocannabinoid system that it can interact with. Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil[9] which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. Sign up for free newsletters and get more CNBC delivered to your inbox. Submit a guest post Incident light that stimulates a chemical reaction in one leaf, will cause a chain reaction of signals to the entire plant via a type of cell termed a bundle sheath cell. This system was named the ‘cannabinoid receptor system’ due to the binding affinity of d-9-THC to these receptors as a partial agonist. [274] Other findings indicate that hard drug users are likely to be poly-drug users, and that interventions must address the use of multiple drugs instead of a single hard drug. Submitting a guest post Even in his early years, Linnaeus seemed to have a liking for plants, flowers in particular. Guest-post "We would strongly encourage anyone with any information or concerns about individuals or criminal groups illegally extracting electricity or interfering with the power network to contact Crimestoppers anonymously. The 10th edition of Systema Naturae introduced new terms, including Mammalia and Primates, the latter of which would replace Anthropomorpha[171] as well as giving humans the full binomial Homo sapiens. Funded by the Governor of Dalarna, the expedition was to catalogue known natural resources and discover new ones, but also to gather intelligence on Norwegian mining activities at Røros. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. The effects of cannabis can vary massively. [203] Smoking pipes uncovered in Ethiopia and carbon-dated to around c. This is called clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD). are dependent), characterized by sleep problems, irritability, dysphoria, and craving. Guest column Add this topic to your myFT Digest for news straight to your inbox. In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. [93] Short-term use of cannabis is associated with bronchodilation. This report provides a review and summary of current knowledge about cannabis use and health effects, and is likely to be relevant for policy makers, public health officials, educators and other individuals concerned with health promotion. Submit your content [80] Plants also carry immune receptors that recognize highly variable pathogen effectors. Want to write a post Following an 1836–1840 travel in North Africa and the Middle East, French physician Jacques-Joseph Moreau wrote on the psychological effects of cannabis use; he was a member of Paris' Club des Hashischins. Guest post: Different plants that fall under the order Rosales grow in all different parts of the world. Remember that the law doesn’t distinguish between dealing cannabis and sharing or giving it to your friends, it all can be counted as supplying the drug. In 1752 Linnaeus published a thesis along with Frederick Lindberg, a physician student,[106] based on their experiences. Plant fossils include roots, wood, leaves, seeds, fruit, pollen, spores, phytoliths, and amber (the fossilized resin produced by some plants). Become an author The Hippies were right about everything. The Hippies were against the Beast and it was a war but we replaced guns with pot and armies with communes growing organic food, yes the Hippies invented ‘Organic’ clean, natural living in harmony with nature. More research is needed on the basic neuropharmacology of THC and other cannabinoids so that better therapeutic agents can be found. [113] Cannabis users demonstrated increased activity in task-related brain regions, consistent with reduced processing efficiency. Publish your guest post Low levels can be detected in the brain, testes, and unborn fetuses, all of which are protected from systemic circulation via barriers. [35] Proponents of the XY system state that Y chromosome is slightly larger than the X, but difficult to differentiate cytologically. They are precursors to cannabinoids. (2004), ‘Drugs of abuse’, in: Moffat, A. is used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for a species' name. Guest post guidelines [91] The ancient Egyptians used hemp (cannabis) in suppositories for relieving the pain of hemorrhoids. People who are addicted to cannabis don’t get seriously ill without it, but might find it just as hard to quit the drug or regain control over their use. The pair are held on suspicion of the production of class B drugs after the raid on the disused premises. Guest posting guidelines While cannabis plants have been grown since at least the 3rd millennium BCE,[36] evidence suggests that it was being smoked for psychoactive effects at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains;[37] the earliest evidence found at a cemetery in what is today western China close to the tripoint with Tajikistan and Afghanistan. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. His relations with Nils Rosén having worsened, Linnaeus accepted an invitation from Claes Sohlberg, son of a mining inspector, to spend the Christmas holiday in Falun, where Linnaeus was permitted to visit the mines. They believe skunk accounts for between 70 and 80% of samples seized by police[156] (despite the fact that skunk can sometimes be incorrectly mistaken for all types of herbal cannabis). Contributor guidelines [83] In terms of sheer DNA sequence, the smallest published genome is that of the carnivorous bladderwort (Utricularia gibba) at 82 Mb (although it still encodes 28,500 genes)[84] while the largest, from the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), extends over 19,600 Mb (encoding about 28,300 genes). Our results suggest that the effects of CBD on activation in limbic and paralimbic regions may contribute to its ability to reduce autonomic arousal and subjective anxiety, whereas the anxiogenic effects of d-9-THC may be related to effects in other brain regions. "[5] Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly. [39][27][40] Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,. What are the best glasses for your face shape? Let’s take a peek at these 13 frames. Writers wanted Therefore, all expenses incurred fulfilling a medical marijuana prescription will possibly be incurred as out-of-pocket. Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and tropical rainforest. [281] The National Institute on Drug Abuse determined that marijuana use is "likely to precede use of other licit and illicit substances" and that "adults who reported marijuana use during the first wave of the survey were more likely than adults who did not use marijuana to develop an alcohol use disorder within 3 years; people who used marijuana and already had an alcohol use disorder at the outset were at greater risk of their alcohol use disorder worsening. Guest contributor guidelines To take much makes people see demons and throw themselves about like maniacs (多食令人見鬼狂走). [103] Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. The Cannabis plant has a history of medicinal use dating back thousands of years across many cultures. Guest posters wanted Groups eye IPOs after financial regulator sets out rules for sector. Smoking – Probably the most common way to use herbal cannabis is to roll it up in a cigarette (joint or spliff) and smoke it. Guest-post Various concentrations of THC, cannabidiol (CBD), or hybrid products exist in products found cannabis dispensaries in states that have legalized recreational marijuana use. Guest-blogger They act in a similar way to neurotransmitters, sending messages throughout the nervous system. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). The UNODC states that cannabis often contains 5% THC content, resin "can contain up to 20% THC content", and that "Cannabis oil may contain more than 60% THC content. Hemp buds (or low-potency cannabis buds) laced with synthetic cannabinoids started to be sold as cannabis street drug in 2020. Last medically reviewed on April 22, 2021. Sponsored post The X:A system was first described in Drosophila spp in 1925. [39] Non-drug plants produce relatively low levels of THC and high levels of CBD, while drug plants produce high levels of THC and low levels of CBD. Want to write for In Western countries it is generally used as a relaxant and mild intoxicant. It is a cross-breed of Cannabis sativa and C. Some metabolites can be detected in the urine for up to 2 weeks following smoking or ingestion. Guest posting During the verbal learning and retrieval of word pair tasks, d-9-THC modulated activity in mediotemporal and ventrostriatal regions, whilst CBD had no such effect [Bhattacharyya et al. Guest-post The same research that found that long-term heavy cannabis use when young might make people less intelligent seemed to show that once people are grown up, starting to smoke cannabis probably doesn’t affect their intelligence. These effects get considerably better after the first three days. Tobacco is also addictive, much more so than cannabis, so smoking cannabis joints can be a ‘gateway’ to a harmful and expensive tobacco addiction. 4% experienced withdrawal symptoms when they tried to quit marijuana such as craving, irritability, boredom, anxiety and sleep disturbances. [55] About 9% of those who experiment with marijuana eventually become dependent. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. Submit content Anyone who is considering using cannabis for any purpose should first check that it is legal to use in their state. Submit an article Sometimes, they will feel fine after a few minutes, sometimes they will not feel good, but will be able to hold out with some friendly support until they sober up a bit. Guest blogger guidelines [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. Contributing writer It also contained information of how to keep a journal on travels and how to maintain a botanical garden. [142] It is unknown if or how these actions contribute to the effects of cannabis. Looking for guest posts Cannabis is almost always smoked, often mixed with tobacco. Most interest in the adverse properties of cannabis has centred on its association with schizophrenia, although it is still unclear if there is a causative relation between mental health and cannabis. [81] The added drugs are meant to enhance the psychoactive properties, add to its weight, and increase profitability, despite the increased danger of overdose. The order Rosales is divided into three clades that have never been assigned a taxonomic rank. Submit blog post A 2016 Cochrane review said that cannabinoids were "probably effective" in treating chemotherapy-induced nausea in children, but with a high side-effect profile (mainly drowsiness, dizziness, altered moods, and increased appetite). His mother had disapproved of his failing to become a priest, but she was pleased to learn he was teaching at the University. Additional Cannabis species were proposed in the 19th century, including strains from China and Vietnam (Indo-China) assigned the names Cannabis chinensis Delile, and Cannabis gigantea Delile ex Vilmorin. ESPAD Report 2019 (November 2020). Two men, aged 29 and 38, were arrested on suspicion of the production of class B drugs and remain in custody. That is where the spirit of the ganja kicks in, that the more you share the more you get, the seed thing, that is how we rolled, when rolling really was a thing. In 1545, cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber. " The shamans of the cult, also called Kapnobatai, were known to use hemp smoke to induce visions and trances.


Medical cannabis firm backed by Snoop Dogg begins trading in London submit your content

Stearn designated Linnaeus to be the lectotype of H. Furthermore those who are at ultra high risk for psychosis have been reported to be more sensitive to the psychotogenic effects of cannabis compared with users in the general population [Peters et al. Cannabinoids, terpenoids, and other compounds are secreted by glandular trichomes that occur most abundantly on the floral calyxes and bracts of female plants. When cannabis is smoked, THC can be detected in plasma within seconds of inhalation; it has a half-life of 2 hours. [26] Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to 60 minutes when cooked and eaten. In regard to plants, competition tends to negatively affect their growth when competing for shared resources. Indeed, Morgan and colleagues carried out a study on 120 current users, which included 66 daily and 54 recreational users, whose hair analyses revealed their THC and CBD amounts. Guest post policy Get the facts on mammogram costs. Unlike plants, which generally gain carbon through photosynthesis, and so are called autotrophs, fungi do not possess chloroplasts and generally obtain carbon by breaking down and absorbing surrounding materials, and so are called heterotrophic saprotrophs. Submit article This article will look at its causes, symptoms, and…. The main component of cannabis is THC formed from decarboxylation of THCA. Project Twenty21 - April Update. Blog for us [274] Other findings indicate that hard drug users are likely to be poly-drug users, and that interventions must address the use of multiple drugs instead of a single hard drug. Since the beginning of the 20th century, most countries have enacted laws against the cultivation, possession or transfer of cannabis. Guest article [78] 11-OH-THC is the first metabolic product in this pathway. [125] He stepped down as rector at Uppsala University in December 1772, mostly due to his declining health. As the majority of the studies have had psychotic illness as an outcome, in this section we will mainly be focusing on this diagnostic category. Some material which needed special care (alcohol specimens) or ample storage space was moved from the private collection to the museum. Molecular data from 1990s onwards showed that these families were actually embedded within the order Rosales, so that from the first classification by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group in 1998, they were placed in an expanded Rosales, forming a group which has been called "urticalean rosids". Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. According to Druglink’s Street Drug Trends 2012 Survey, average prices per quarter ounce of standard quality herbal resin were £37. [27][28] In the last year at the gymnasium, Linnaeus's father visited to ask the professors how his son's studies were progressing; to his dismay, most said that the boy would never become a scholar. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. This steady infusion can benefit people who are using cannabis to treat pain and inflammation. Guest posting guidelines An investigation of genetic, morphological, and chemotaxonomic variation among 157 Cannabis accessions of known geographic origin, including fiber, drug, and feral populations showed cannabinoid variation in Cannabis germplasm. It is also called ganja, one of the oldest and most commonly used synonyms for marijuana[17][30][38] Common English names for cannabis or marijuana include:. From Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). [T]hey make a booth by fixing in the ground three sticks inclined towards one another, and stretching around them woollen felts, which they arrange so as to fit as close as possible: inside the booth a dish is placed upon the ground, into which they put a number of red-hot stones, and then add some hemp-seed. For more information on drug interactions with marijuana, please visit the Drugs. In Hammarby the Linnean private collections suffered seriously from damp and the depredations by mice and insects. Cannabis is a complex plant with over 400 chemical entities of which more than 60 of them are cannabinoid compounds, some of them with opposing effects. Skunk’s strength and speed can sometimes catch out inexperienced users. One laboratory at the University of British Columbia found that Jamaican Lamb's Bread, claimed to be 100% sativa, was in fact almost 100% indica (the opposite strain). [55][64] In 1940, Russian botanists Serebriakova and Sizov proposed a complex classification in which they also recognized C. Submit guest post These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. [182] Hash oil can be the most potent of the main cannabis products because of its high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, which can vary depending on the plant's mix of essential oils and psychoactive compounds. The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. Some metabolites can be detected in the urine for up to 2 weeks following smoking or ingestion. The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. That summer Linnaeus reunited with Peter Artedi, a friend from Uppsala with whom he had once made a pact that should either of the two predecease the other, the survivor would finish the decedent's work. Guest posters wanted Very very occasionally, if someone remains very frightened or paranoid, and does not seem to respond to reassurance, or their behaviour is very alarming, it may be sensible to get help, for example by calling an ambulance. Submit your content Cannabis has various mental and physical effects, which include euphoria, altered states of mind and sense of time, difficulty concentrating, impaired short-term memory and body movement,[24] relaxation,[25] and an increase in appetite. Taking too much too fast (which is easy when the cannabis is very strong) can be horrible. Submitting a guest post Rothman believed otherwise, suggesting Linnaeus could have a future in medicine. Herbal cannabis imported into Europe may originate from West Africa, the Caribbean or South-East Asia, but cannabis resin derives largely from either North Africa or Afghanistan. Guest posts Plants in the order Rosales were used in the traditional medicines of many cultures. [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. Guest post Both belong to a group of receptors called G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Contribute to this site The Chlorophyta (a name that has also been used for all green algae) are the sister group to the Charophytes, from which the land plants evolved. [87] Perhaps the most important contribution he made during his time at Uppsala was to teach; many of his students travelled to various places in the world to collect botanical samples. Contribute to our site In a recent study of people with a first episode of psychosis, it was found that patients used higher-potency cannabis for longer durations and greater frequency compared with a healthy control group [Di Forti et al. [44] A follow-up review found that IQ deficit may be a precursor, rather than result, of cannabis use, and that social and environmental factors are a likely influence. Most people use a vapouriser which heats the cannabis, rather than burning it. the stresses of being a gang-member or a struggling immigrant) stressful events (like having a baby), or even just living in a city. Guest blogger Linnaeus's applied science was inspired not only by the instrumental utilitarianism general to the early Enlightenment, but also by his adherence to the older economic doctrine of Cameralism. All of these plants have eukaryotic cells with cell walls composed of cellulose, and most obtain their energy through photosynthesis, using light, water and carbon dioxide to synthesize food. The active isomer Δ8-THC, in which the unsaturated bond in the cyclohexene ring is located between C-8 and C-9, is found in much smaller amounts. Contribute to this site Cannabis, (genus Cannabis), genus of medicinal, recreational, and fibre plants belonging to the family Cannabaceae. [83] The oldest written record of cannabis usage is the Greek historian Herodotus's reference to the central Eurasian Scythians taking cannabis steam baths. Even though our knowledge on the role of the endocannabinoid system is still evolving, the available evidence indicates that this system has multiple regulatory roles in neuronal, vascular, metabolic, immune and reproductory systems. Cannabis use is associated with increased recruitment of task-related areas, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is thought to reflect compensatory activity due to reduced processing efficiency. sativa; all three may be treated as subspecies of a single species, C. However, Clifford offered to compensate Burman by offering him a copy of Sir Hans Sloane's Natural History of Jamaica, a rare book, if he let Linnaeus stay with him, and Burman accepted. The shift of *k→h indicates it was a loanword into the Germanic parent language at a time depth no later than the separation of Common Germanic from Proto-Indo-European, about 500 BC. Contributing writer Ingesting: If a person consumes products containing cannabis by mouth, they will usually feel the effects within 1 hour, and the sensations will peak after 2. Become guest writer Cannabis is not effective at treating chronic cancer pain. Cannabis contains at least 120 active ingredients, or cannabinoids. Sponsored post Using cannabis causes a number of physical effects including increased pulse rate, decreased blood pressure, bloodshot eyes, increased appetite, tiredness and occasionally, dizziness. Sponsored post by The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. Guest post "Dà má" (Pinyin pronunciation) is the Chinese expression for cannabis, the first character meaning "big" and the second character meaning "hemp". insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script','//www. [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. Avoiding foods high in purines may help you reduce uric acid levels and minimize your chances of developing gout. [291][292] There is preliminary evidence that cannabis interferes with the anticoagulant properties of prescription drugs used for treating blood clots. [42] Laws vary from state to state when it comes to the commercial sale. Because THC production drops off once pollination occurs, the male plants (which produce little THC themselves) are eliminated before they shed pollen to prevent pollination, thus inducing the development of parthenocarpic fruits gathered in dense infructescences. The primary mechanism plants have for capturing light energy is the pigment chlorophyll. Products derived from plants include soaps, shampoos, perfumes, cosmetics, paint, varnish, turpentine, rubber, latex, lubricants, linoleum, plastics, inks, and gums. Some forms of cannabis or chemicals from cannabis have passed through the strict trials showing for example that it can help reduce painful symptoms for some people with MS. Knowing what to do can help people regain control. A person has an addiction when they cannot stop using a substance. Want to write for The share price hovered at around 5 pence at midday Friday, after opening near 8 pence. Guest posting rules [153] It is unclear, however, whether the increase in THC content has caused people to consume more THC or if users adjust based on the potency of the cannabis. Higher doses can lead to perceptual distortion, forgetfulness and confusion of thought processes. In conclusion, the biochemical mechanisms of this system are far more complex and the discussion on whether any known mammalian channel or non-CB1R/CB2R should be classified as a novel cannabinoid ‘CB3’ receptor or channel is ongoing.   In fact skunk is only one of 100 or so varieties of cannabis plant which have high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Similar to THC, CBD has poor oral bioavailability, approximately 6%. Submitting a guest post [103] Cannabis was removed from the U. [233] On 19 June 2018, the Canadian Senate passed a bill and the Prime Minister announced the effective legalization date as 17 October 2018. [93] However, if a large amount is taken orally the effects may last much longer. This post was written by [16] Most strains of Cannabis are short day plants,[15] with the possible exception of C. Contributing writer [27] At high doses, mental effects can include anxiety, delusions (including ideas of reference), hallucinations, panic, paranoia, and psychosis. Submit article The study found that higher THC levels in hair in daily users were associated with increased depression and anxiety, as well as poorer prose recall and source memory [Morgan et al. Linnaeus suggested that children might absorb the personality of their wet nurse through the milk. Alcohol and nicotine also prime the brain for a heightened response to other drugs and are, like marijuana, also typically used before a person progresses to other, more harmful substances. Sponsored post: If you are worried about your use, you can call FRANK on 0300 1236600 for friendly, confidential advice. [20] When Linnaeus was seven, Nils decided to hire a tutor for him. Indeed, CB1R agonists have been shown to induce AKT1 phosphorylation, whilst the antagonists of this receptor have inhibited AKT1 signalling pathways [Molina-Holgado et al. While they both treat allergy symptoms, they're not identical medications. [35] Typically, adverse effects of medical cannabis use are not serious;[4] they include tiredness, dizziness, increased appetite, and cardiovascular and psychoactive effects. These effects are often minimal in products containing very high levels of CBD, compared with THC. Guest author state to legalize medical cannabis in defiance of federal law. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. Cannabis resin is a compressed solid made from the resinous parts of the plant, and cannabis (hash) oil is a solvent extract of cannabis. The parents picked Johan Telander, a son of a local yeoman.


List of names for cannabis guest posting rules

The authors found that genetic variation in serine-threonine protein kinase (AKT1) may mediate both short- and long-term effects on psychosis expression associated with cannabis use. "The Hippies were the largest, great social movement of remembered history. Traditionally, kief has been pressed into cakes of hashish for convenience in storage, although it can be vaporized or smoked in either form. Surviving texts from ancient India confirm that cannabis' psychoactive properties were recognized, and doctors used it for treating a variety of illnesses and ailments, including insomnia, headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, and pain, including during childbirth. It has been suggested that the presence of monoecy can be used to differentiate licit crops of monoecious hemp from illicit drug crops,[24] but sativa strains often produce monoecious individuals, which is possibly as a result of inbreeding. Become an author Colors may seem brighter, music more vivid, and emotions more profound. Writers wanted This system is widely distributed in the brain and in the body, and is considered to be responsible for numerous significant functions. Looking for guest posts [48] The long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. 750 mya) has been attributed to the Cladophorales, while the oldest reliable records of the Bryopsidales, Dasycladales) and stoneworts are from the Paleozoic. Parts of England to trial self-isolation support. At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. Submit guest article The risk of developing a psychotic illness is higher in people who:. [9] In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn. We found that pretreatment with CBD prevented the transient psychotic symptoms induced by d-9-THC. The risk of developing a psychotic illness is higher in people who:. He supported tariffs, levies, export bounties, quotas, embargoes, navigation acts, subsidised investment capital, ceilings on wages, cash grants, state-licensed producer monopolies, and cartels. Guest post policy Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. #8 - Medical Cannabis, Mum and Me. There are also other difficulties in researching the effects of cannabis. [101] Also, the advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect, in contrast to cannabis which is not water-soluble and therefore cannot be injected. Become an author The most psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC). Contributor guidelines CHS is considered a paradoxical effect, because use of cannabinoids typically decrease nausea and vomiting. Want to write for Tiny samples of Cannabis plants also can be identified with precision by microscopic examination of leaf cells and similar features, but that requires special expertise and equipment. Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. Guest post Linnaeus' original classification placed the fungi within the Plantae, since they were unquestionably neither animals or minerals and these were the only other alternatives. [91] Those that are less effective competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. Other evidence has also emerged on its role in treating chronic pain and anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. indica (although other strains of this mix exist in abundance). Some strains have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC (a cannabinoid), the strength of which is enhanced by curing the fruits. As an antiemetic, these medications are usually used when conventional treatment for nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy fail to work. Accordingly, possession of 30 grams (1. Cannabis is a complex plant, with major compounds such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, which have opposing effects. parthenocarpic) infructescences of female cannabis plants. Submit an article A 2016 Cochrane review said that cannabinoids were "probably effective" in treating chemotherapy-induced nausea in children, but with a high side-effect profile (mainly drowsiness, dizziness, altered moods, and increased appetite). Guest post The effects of cannabis when smoked or vaporized appear almost immediately, reach their strongest in the first 15 minutes or so, start to fade before an hour has passed, and are nearly gone after about 3 hours, although the exact timings vary from person to person. Such a search would also lead to the discovery of the biochemical mechanisms involved in cannabis and endocannabinoid research and ultimately to a better understanding of how the brain and the body functions. Whatever the drug is, never leave someone alone who is vomiting and intoxicated, as there is a risk of choking. Become a contributor The fungal endophyte, Neotyphodium coenophialum, in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) does tremendous economic damage to the cattle industry in the U. However, all current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). [73] During germination repair processes are activated to deal with this accumulated DNA damage. Do not leave prescription THC medications (dronabinol, nabilone), marijuana, hash oil, or cannabis-infused edibles any place where children, pets, or anyone else may unknowingly consume the product. Linnaeus and Sohlberg were forced to flee from Hamburg. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Looking for guest posts [136] Member nations of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs voted 27–25 to remove it from Schedule IV on 2 December 2020,[137] following a World Health Organization recommendation for removal in January 2019. Guest-blogger 2200–1700 BCE in the Bactria and Margiana contained elaborate ritual structures with rooms containing everything needed for making drinks containing extracts from poppy (opium), hemp (cannabis), and ephedra (which contains ephedrine). [87][96] Anders Celsius had created the temperature scale named after him in 1742. The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. People who drive stoned double or triple their risk of crashing, injuring and killing others as well as themselves. Want to contribute to our website When heavy users do try to stop they can:. People do this by mixing it into cakes (hash brownies), tea, yoghurt or sweets (gummies/lollipops). A 1997 proposed phylogenetic tree of Plantae, after Kenrick and Crane,[46] is as follows, with modification to the Pteridophyta from Smith et al. Want to write a post Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. Submit blog post [12] This percentage did not change significantly between 1998 and 2014. Guest article There he spent two-and-a-half years studying the flora and fauna of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Canada. Writers wanted [94] In the event that an old tree dies, competition arises amongst a number of trees to replace it. Guest article [70][71][72][73] For Schultes, this was a reversal of his previous interpretation that Cannabis is monotypic, with only a single species. Guest posting guidelines But like all drugs that distort the way you think and behave, cannabis use creates a risk of hurting yourself doing something stupid, ranging from trying to cook to trying to cross a motorway. Linnaeus's hope was to find new plants, animals and possibly valuable minerals. Two additional groups, the Rhodophyta (red algae) and Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae), also have primary chloroplasts that appear to be derived directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria, although they differ from Viridiplantae in the pigments which are used in photosynthesis and so are different in colour. Guest posting rules THC is highly lipid soluble and can be stored in fat cells possibly for several months. Guest posting The pharmacopoeia of Dioscorides, De Materia Medica, describing some 600 medicinal plants, was written between 50 and 70 AD and remained in use in Europe and the Middle East until around 1600 AD; it was the precursor of all modern pharmacopoeias. Want to write a post We started with the idea of Universal Birthright, it is a ganja thing, an acknowledgment that everyone has a righteous claim to a share of the blessing, that the Earth and Life itself was an interdependent, shared inheritance. The genus Cannabis was formerly placed in the nettle family (Urticaceae) or mulberry family (Moraceae), and later, along with the genus Humulus (hops), in a separate family, the hemp family (Cannabaceae sensu stricto). Sponsored post Linnaeus and Sohlberg were forced to flee from Hamburg. Guest post courtesy of Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message: "Tell him I know no greater man on earth. Guest-post In 1976, Canadian botanist Ernest Small[68] and American taxonomist Arthur Cronquist published a taxonomic revision that recognizes a single species of Cannabis with two subspecies: C. Become a contributor VideoFormer miner: Why I’m giving up my coal fire. Guest post: When cannabis is smoked, THC can be detected in plasma within seconds of inhalation; it has a half-life of 2 hours. Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. Much later, when Linnaeus (1707–1778) created the basis of the modern system of scientific classification, these two groups became the kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Cannabis interferes with memory, so someone might not do well if they try to learn whilst stoned, or even the day after being stoned. Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana (MMJ), is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients. Low-THC cannabis products in Europe (December 2020). [259] In 2015, a record 44% of the US population has tried marijuana in their lifetime, an increase from 38% in 2013 and 33% in 1985. CBD is present in various forms, including:. Penalties for illegal recreational use ranges from confiscation or small fines to jail time and even death. [72][73][23] Cannabis impairs a person's driving ability, and THC was the illicit drug most frequently found in the blood of drivers who have been involved in vehicle crashes. However, the signalling effects can be complex due to CB1Rs forming heteromers, which can be defined as having different parts such as subunits, with two or more other GPCRs, particularly if they are densely expressed in the same neuron. Hemp (Cannabis) and hop (Humulus) are the only economically important species. Sponsored post Members of this family can be trees (e. This effect can be a result of a rapid drop in blood pressure. Writers wanted It can be taken to enhance or detract from the effects of other drugs such as ecstasy or cocaine, particularly after long dance sessions. Trebouxiophyceae (Pleurastrophyceae). Blog for us [13] The number of active chemicals in cannabis is one reason why treatment with cannabis is difficult to classify and study. Guest posts " The use of cannabis, and particularly of long-stemmed water-pipes called chalices, is an integral part of what Rastafari call "reasoning sessions" where members join together to discuss life according to the Rasta perspective. [3] Preliminary evidence suggests that cannabis can reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and reduce chronic pain and muscle spasms. Occasionally after using cannabis, people feel their heart flutter, skip beats, race or pound in their chest. He had suffered from a disease called the Uppsala fever in 1764, but survived thanks to the care of Rosén. For instance, in a heteromer complex, not only the antagonist of CB1R but also the other receptor antagonist can block the inhibitory effect of CB1R agonist. The authors concluded that some, but not all, of the deficits associated with cannabis use were reversible. Kief (pronounced [keːf, ki(ː)f, kɪf]; from Arabic كيف (kayf) 'pleasure'), sometimes transliterated as keef, also known as ‘’Dust’’ a. Linnaeus' original classification placed the fungi within the Plantae, since they were unquestionably neither animals or minerals and these were the only other alternatives. Even though the chemical structures of all four compounds are similar, their pharmacological effects can be very different. In Mexico, THC content of medical cannabis is limited to one percent. An Irish physician, William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, is credited with introducing cannabis to Western medicine. Optimal plant growth can be hampered by grazing animals, suboptimal soil composition, lack of mycorrhizal fungi, and attacks by insects or plant diseases, including those caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other hazardous activities while using cannabis (marijuana). Guest posts [274] Other findings indicate that hard drug users are likely to be poly-drug users, and that interventions must address the use of multiple drugs instead of a single hard drug. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. Cannabis is usually consumed for its relaxing and calming effects. Cannabis comes in three different forms:. Guest contributor guidelines Some researchers think Chinese associations of cannabis with "indigenous central Asian shamanistic practices" can explain this "peculiar silence". His firm has also backed plant-based food companies such as Outstanding Foods and tech names like Klarna, Robinhood and Reddit. Submit your content His siblings were Anna Maria Linnæa, Sofia Juliana Linnæa, Samuel Linnæus (who would eventually succeed their father as rector of Stenbrohult and write a manual on beekeeping),[10][11][12] and Emerentia Linnæa. [288] This causes confounding factors, where questions arise as to whether the tobacco, the cannabis, or both that have caused a cancer. This is a guest post by Compounds which have a structure similar to THC are known as cannabinoids. From this position he laid the groundwork for his radical new theory of classifying and naming organisms for which he was considered the founder of modern taxonomy. Evidence for causing these cancers is mixed concerning heavy, long-term use. Suggest a post [4] Cannabis contains more than 460 compounds;[7] at least 80 of these are cannabinoids[66][67] – chemical compounds that interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain. We are grateful … But we need more. The number of species within the genus is disputed. Guest poster wanted [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. Most of the illicit drug emergency room visits involved multiple drugs.


4 Facts About Cannabis and Migraine That Might Surprise You guest post-

[205] Examples of classic literature of the period featuring cannabis include Les paradis artificiels (1860) by Charles Baudelaire and The Hasheesh Eater (1857) by Fitz Hugh Ludlow. Want to contribute to our website The short term effects of cannabis can be altered if it has been laced with opioid drugs such as heroin or fentanyl. Submit blog post Especially for someone who has never taken cannabis before, the effects can be hard to predict, and can be unpleasant for some people. Writers wanted Other evidence has also emerged on its role in treating chronic pain and anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. Guest post policy The pair are held on suspicion of the production of class B drugs after the raid on the disused premises. Research in more recent years has shown that d-9-THC, as a partial agonist, resembles anandamide in its CB1 affinity, albeit with less efficacy than anandamide, whilst displaying even lower efficacy at CB2Rs than at CB1Rs in vitro [Pertwee, 2008]. Submitting a guest post There are also other difficulties in researching the effects of cannabis. Black Lives Matter activist shot in London. This produces a stronger more potent form of the drug which is sometimes referred to as Skunk. Publish your guest post the herb is the healing of the nations. Want to write for An advertisement for cannabis americana distributed by a pharmacist in New York in 1917. Symptoms of depression and anxiety commonly coexist with cannabis use and lead to diagnostic dilemmas [Nunes et al. Carl von Linné's son (Carl Linnaeus) inherited the collections in 1778 and retained them until his own death in 1783. Submit post Cannabis is indigenous to Central Asia[189] and the Indian subcontinent,[190] and its uses for fabric and rope dates back to the Neolithic age in China and Japan. These sugars are then used as building blocks and form the main structural component of the plant. [201][37] Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BC, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. The most important psychoactive ingredients in cannabis are the tetrahydrocannabinols (THC). Submit your content This produces a violet blue coloration that is extractable into chloroform. While not technically a religion itself, it is a philosophy that examines the inherent religious nature of man’s interaction with the cannabis plant. After 24 hours to a few days, minuscule psychoactive effects may be felt, depending on dosage, frequency and tolerance to the drug. However, the functionalities of the CB1Rs are not always straightforward due to complex interactions with the other neurotransmitter systems. Sponsored post by There has been a recent and consistent worldwide increase in cannabis potency, with increasing associated health concerns. Become an author According to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, there is conclusive evidence that cannabis or cannabinoids can help manage:. Guest article com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Proposed factors determining sensitivity to psychosis in cannabis users. This helps explain why one substance, in different cultural contexts, can have such different effects. We use cookies for a number of reasons, such as keeping FT Sites reliable and secure, personalising content and ads, providing social media features and to analyse how our Sites are used. Cultivating 100 plants or more carries a mandatory minimum sentence of five years according to federal statutes. epidermal layer), or reproductive tissues, with more primitive plants lacking some tissue types. Contribute to this site (consisting of cultivated plants), and C. Det Insp Kelly said during these operations they had spotted the new technique to steal electricity. Algae comprise several different groups of organisms which produce food by photosynthesis and thus have traditionally been included in the plant kingdom. Some plants, known as myco-heterotrophs, parasitize mycorrhizal fungi, and hence act as epiparasites on other plants. In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. Joseph Banks, an eminent botanist, wished to purchase the collection, but his son Carl refused the offer and instead moved the collection to Uppsala. Some examples are baked cookies or brownies or other edibles. Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message: "Tell him I know no greater man on earth. Submit a guest post The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. Want to write an article We have written blog post on this topic. Taking cannabis has the effects it has because it contains some unique drug chemicals called ‘cannabinoids’. Perhaps I ought to have by virtue of the law of the discipline. Guest poster wanted These habits have led to surprising lung injuries , where air has forced its way through tiny tears in the lung and ended up in places where it shouldn’t be, but these injuries are rare. Contribute to this site In this way, cannabinoids from an outside source can change and disrupt normal brain function. Sponsored post Use on any federal land, national park or monument is illegal. The fungi help the plants gain water and mineral nutrients from the soil, while the plant gives the fungi carbohydrates manufactured in photosynthesis. [7] The botanist Li Hui-lin noted linguistic evidence that the "stupefying effect of the hemp plant was commonly known from extremely early times"; the word ma "cannabis; hemp" has connotations of "numbed; tingling; senseless" (e. Articles wanted European Drug Report 2020: Trends and Developments (September 2020). Although the leaves of Cannabis sativa are reasonably characteristic, cannabis and cannabis resin can both be positively identified by low-power microscopy, where the appearance of glandular trichomes and cystolithic hairs is diagnostic. Snoop Dogg, real name Calvin Broadus Jr. Guest post- A number of epidemiological research projects have shown links between dose-related cannabis use and an increased risk of development of an enduring psychotic illness. However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. Knowing what to do can help people regain control. A 2012 review found that the THC content in marijuana had increased worldwide from 1970 to 2009. [86] It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped before and during pregnancy as it can result in negative outcomes for both the mother and baby. [3] Preliminary evidence suggests that cannabis can reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and reduce chronic pain and muscle spasms. Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual use and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. Suggest a post [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. Guest author The next year, he bought a neighbouring farm, Edeby. This is a guest post by Around 10 editions were published, not all of them by Linnaeus himself; the most important is the 1754 fifth edition. He spent the summers with his family at Hammarby; initially it only had a small one-storey house, but in 1762 a new, larger main building was added. Submit guest post Indoor growing systems may be detectable by police helicopters using thermal imaging equipment, while high intensity lights cause unusually large electricity bills.  Cannabis oil (hashish oil) is a concentrate of cannabinoids obtained by solvent extraction of the crude plant material or of the resin. It found that, for migraine prevention, a 200 mg daily oral dose of combined tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) was as effective as a 25 mg daily dose of amitriptyline (chlordiazepoxide), a common migraine medication. This post was written by [144] By the time it reached its 10th edition in 1758, it classified 4,400 species of animals and 7,700 species of plants. The study following the largest number of heavy cannabis users reported that IQ declined between ages 7–13 and age 38. [87] In 1769 he was elected to the American Philosophical Society for his work. Guest post opportunities [135] Pakistan's Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sindh province is particularly renowned for the widespread use of cannabis at the shrine's celebrations, especially its annual Urs festival and Thursday evening dhamaal sessions - or meditative dancing sessions. the World Flora Online and World Plants both list about 350,000 species. A psychotic illness is one where you have hallucinations (seeing things that are not really there) and delusions (believing things that are not really true). [76][77][27][78][79] Dutch Cannabis researcher E. Cannabis was criminalized in various countries beginning in the 19th century. On the way to Scania, he made his last visit to his brothers and sisters in Stenbrohult since his father had died the previous year. People who are addicted to alcohol can become very ill and even die if they are unable to drink it. According to the Ministry of Justice 2016 statistics there were 36,300 cannabis and khat warnings issued in the latest year, a decrease of 6,300 (15%) from the previous year. Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. Guest post This attracted the attention of Rudbeck; in May 1730, he selected Linnaeus to give lectures at the University although the young man was only a second-year student. Cannabis was one of the first plant species to be karyotyped; however, this was in a period when karyotype preparation was primitive by modern standards (see History of Cytogenetics). Submit guest article The vapour can still make you cough, but there is some research now to show that it can cause less harm. Guest post courtesy of Commercial cannabis growers and retailers have given individual strains more than 2,300 names,[54] including:. Gardening is the most popular leisure activity in the U. Linnaeus also travelled to Oxford University to visit the botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius. Submit article Leaves are often more or less palmately lobed or palmately compound and always bear stipules. Read more information about cannabis on the Frank website. Contributor guidelines Here we have provided an overview of the available information on the risk factors which may make an individual more at risk, such as predisposition to psychosis, schizotypal personality and certain susceptibility genes. Want to write a post The mechanism of action for CBD is not yet clear, as this compound does not bind to CB1Rs or CB2Rs [Tsou et al. LONDON — Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies, which enjoys backing from rapper Snoop Dogg and tobacco giant Imperial Brands, launched Friday on the London Stock Exchange. sativa is the preferred choice by users. Our results suggest that the effects of CBD on activation in limbic and paralimbic regions may contribute to its ability to reduce autonomic arousal and subjective anxiety, whereas the anxiogenic effects of d-9-THC may be related to effects in other brain regions. Widely cultivated strains of cannabis, such as "Afghani" or "Hindu Kush", are indigenous to the Pakistan and Afghanistan regions, while "Durban Poison" is native to Africa. Guest post [34] Cannabis is by far the most widely used illicit substance. Write for us This is a Class B drug, which means it’s illegal to have for yourself, give away or sell. Guest post opportunities [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Guest posters wanted Analysis shows 43 out of 59 companies in major marijuana funds were lossmaking. Become a guest blogger Many households in India own and grow a cannabis plant to be able to offer cannabis to a passing sadhu (ascetic holy men), and during some evening devotional services it is not uncommon for cannabis to be smoked by everyone present. Alfie's a bigger kid than his students! iPlayerAlfie's a bigger kid than his students!. In December 1777, he had another stroke which greatly weakened him, and eventually led to his death on 10 January 1778 in Hammarby. Low levels can be detected in the brain, testes, and unborn fetuses, all of which are protected from systemic circulation via barriers. There is insufficient data to draw strong conclusions about the safety of medical cannabis. [83] Similar to delta-9-THC, a majority of CBD is excreted in feces and some in the urine. [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. It has been suggested that the presence of monoecy can be used to differentiate licit crops of monoecious hemp from illicit drug crops,[24] but sativa strains often produce monoecious individuals, which is possibly as a result of inbreeding. At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. [134] Cannabis is classified as a Schedule I drug under the Single Convention treaty, meaning that medical use is allowed but that it is considered to be an addictive drug with a serious risk of abuse – along with other drugs such as opium and cocaine. Here, learn about its symptoms, treatments, causes, and more. It can make people clumsy with their bodies and words. [7] The botanist Li Hui-lin noted linguistic evidence that the "stupefying effect of the hemp plant was commonly known from extremely early times"; the word ma "cannabis; hemp" has connotations of "numbed; tingling; senseless" (e. Guest-post Normally GPCRs are linked together to form a receptor complex. Further evidence for the existence of D2 and CB1Rs in ventral striatum is provided by electron microscopy analysis, which confirms the relevance to the rewarding and euphoric, as well as motor effects produced by cannabis, by enhancing dopamine levels particularly in the nucleus accumbens [Pickel et al. Contribute to this site This may be due to inflammation and irritation of the airways. In the early 20th century, the single-species concept was still widely accepted, except in the Soviet Union where Cannabis continued to be the subject of active taxonomic study. Sponsored post Cannabis can be smoked, eaten and vaped – and is the UK’s most widely-used illegal drug. Additional Cannabis species were proposed in the 19th century, including strains from China and Vietnam (Indo-China) assigned the names Cannabis chinensis Delile, and Cannabis gigantea Delile ex Vilmorin. Former miner: Why I’m giving up my coal fire. Submit an article He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738.


Cannabis haul at bingo hall: Two men arrested as police seize £2.2m worth of drugs guest-blogger

state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). Rosén started giving anatomy lectures and tried to take over Linnaeus's botany lectures, but Rudbeck prevented that. Guest author This involves an alternation between two generations: a haploid stage, called the gametophyte, and a diploid stage, called the sporophyte. [101] A 2015 review found an association between cannabis use and the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), particularly non-seminoma TGCTs. [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. [157][158] Extracts such as hashish and hash oil typically contain more THC than high potency cannabis infructescences. The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. The involvement of the particular neural regions and the neurotransmitter systems here is significant due to the fact that the very same brain areas and neurotransmitter systems are also implicated in psychoses, particularly in schizophrenia [van Os and Kapur, 2009; Smieskova et al. What are the best glasses for your face shape? Let’s take a peek at these 13 frames. The major staples include cereals such as rice and wheat, starchy roots and tubers such as cassava and potato, and legumes such as peas and beans. Recent epidemiological studies point towards a link between the use of cannabis and the development of a psychotic illness [Zammit et al. Kingdoms were divided into classes and they, in turn, into orders, and thence into genera (singular: genus), which were divided into species (singular: species). [98][99] Cannabis withdrawal symptoms are typically mild and are not life-threatening. This is a guest post by Chlorophyll, a green-colored, magnesium-containing pigment is essential to this process; it is generally present in plant leaves, and often in other plant parts as well. Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. [257] In 2014, daily marijuana use amongst US college students had reached its highest level since records began in 1980, rising from 3. Synthetic cannabinoids are available for prescription use in some countries, such as dronabinol and nabilone. If you're caught with cannabis and it's your second offence, the police can issue with a fixed-term fee notice, which is an on-the-spot fine for £80. Being a cannabis user or being addicted to cannabis seems to go along with problems like depression and anxiety a bit more often than would happen just by chance. India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. Become a guest blogger CBD is a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, which is under laboratory research to determine if it has an anxiolytic effect. Contribute to this site [54] Aside from a subjective change in perception and mood, the most common short-term physical and neurological effects include increased heart rate, increased appetite and consumption of food, lowered blood pressure, impairment of short-term and working memory,[55][56] psychomotor coordination, and concentration. Most recently there have been a number of drug challenge studies with sound methodologies examining the effects of both of these compounds. The authors suggest that the likely mechanism could be cannabinoid-regulated AKT1/glycogen synthase kinase 3 signalling downstream of the dopamine D2 receptor. Although herbal cannabis and industrial hemp derive from the same species and contain the psychoactive component (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. This is because studies suggest that cannabis effects the part of the brain we use for learning and remembering things. Want to write a post [47][48][49] Its use for other medical applications is insufficient for drawing conclusions about safety or efficacy. People who are addicted to alcohol can become very ill and even die if they are unable to drink it. Sign up for our daily updates here. Cannabis has been associated with Central Asian burial rituals around the 5th century BCE, as archaeological excavations in 1947 of a series of burial mounds at Pazyryk in the Altai Mountains of Siberia revealed 1. The genus Cannabis was first classified using the "modern" system of taxonomic nomenclature by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, who devised the system still in use for the naming of species. Guest post: The earliest fossils clearly assignable to Kingdom Plantae are fossil green algae from the Cambrian. [22] More recent excavations indicate the cannabis used in the most ancient burials were devoid of THC, while significantly stronger psychoactive cannabis was employed at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains. Guest posts Three months later, he moved to Stockholm to find employment as a physician, and thus to make it possible to support a family. Pregnant women who continue to smoke cannabis are probably at greater risk of giving birth to low birthweight babies. Can a ‘double standard’ in paediatric medicine provide a framework to restructure repressive medical cannabis policies?. 4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. The establishment of universally accepted conventions for the naming of organisms was Linnaeus's main contribution to taxonomy—his work marks the starting point of consistent use of binomial nomenclature. Guest blogger guidelines The Assyrians, Egyptians, and Hebrews, among other Semitic cultures of the Middle East, mostly acquired cannabis from Aryan cultures and have burned it as an incense as early as 1000 BC. Become a guest blogger Other evidence has also emerged on its role in treating chronic pain and anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. Submit an article Some strains have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC (a cannabinoid), the strength of which is enhanced by curing the fruits. Become a contributor During the auditory task, again these two compounds had opposite effects in the superior temporal cortex when subjects listened to speech and in the occipital cortex during visual processing [Winton-Brown et al. Guest contributor guidelines When cannabis is smoked, THC can be detected in plasma within seconds of inhalation; it has a half-life of 2 hours. Cannabis oil – Rarely seen, cannabis oil is a sticky, thick yellowy/brown liquid. [57] Physiological barriers to reproduction are not known to occur within Cannabis, and plants from widely divergent sources are interfertile. Become an author Medicinal plants are a primary source of organic compounds, both for their medicinal and physiological effects, and for the industrial synthesis of a vast array of organic chemicals. A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. Become a guest blogger Other conditions that it may be helpful for include:. In the spring of 1749, Linnaeus could finally journey to Scania, again commissioned by the Government. Write for us Perhaps the most famous and successful apostle was Carl Peter Thunberg, who embarked on a nine-year expedition in 1770. "[57] Populations that are physiologically capable of interbreeding, but morphologically or genetically divergent and isolated by geography or ecology, are sometimes considered to be separate species. In Buddhism, cannabis is generally regarded as an intoxicant and may be a hindrance to development of meditation and clear awareness. A February 2019 review found that cannabis use during adolescence was associated with an increased risk of developing depression and suicidal behavior later in life, while finding no effect on anxiety. Submit content Will a dodgy past get in his way? iPlayerWill a dodgy past get in his way?. So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. Guest poster wanted Scientists conducting this kind of research, which is one of the things we do at Drug Science, argue that this is a reasonable and high-quality way of understanding how well a drug is doing. Want to write an article [104] In 1996, California became the first U. Guest blogger guidelines [93] However, if a large amount is taken orally the effects may last much longer. Guest author [45] However, physical barriers to gene exchange (such as the Himalayan mountain range) might have enabled Cannabis gene pools to diverge before the onset of human intervention, resulting in speciation. Medical marijuana refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic[187] THC and cannabinoids. Guest column In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. Do not use cannabis if you are pregnant or could become pregnant. Guest posting rules There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. Contribute to our site He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. A purported reason was the appearance of high potency cannabis. Hemp has been used by many civilizations, from China to Europe (and later North America) during the last 12,000 years. Thirty-three fish specimens preserved in alcohol were not sent and were later lost. In the United States, health insurance companies may not pay for a medical marijuana prescription as the Food and Drug Administration must approve any substance for medicinal purposes. Guest posting Medical cannabis can be administered through various methods, including capsules, lozenges, tinctures, dermal patches, oral or dermal sprays, cannabis edibles, and vaporizing or smoking dried buds. [113] Cannabis users demonstrated increased activity in task-related brain regions, consistent with reduced processing efficiency. Our brains and bodies are all different, so a cannabis or CBD product that works for someone may not work for you. In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". Findings so far indicate that the effect of cannabis use is much stronger in those with any predisposition for psychosis at baseline than in those without [Henquet et al. Cannabis-based products come from the dried flowering tops, leaves, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa (hemp) plant. A 2015 meta-analysis found that, although a longer period of abstinence was associated with smaller magnitudes of impairment, both retrospective and prospective memory were impaired in cannabis users. Two men have been arrested after police raided a major cannabis operation in a former bingo hall. Hemp buds (or low-potency cannabis buds) laced with synthetic cannabinoids started to be sold as cannabis street drug in 2020. [127] But a biological causal pathway is plausible, especially if there is a genetic predisposition to mental illness, in which case cannabis may be a trigger. Become a contributor Until December, Rosén gave Linnaeus private tutoring in medicine. Media related to Cannabis by strain at Wikimedia Commons. Submitting a guest post Following an 1836–1840 travel in North Africa and the Middle East, French physician Jacques-Joseph Moreau wrote on the psychological effects of cannabis use; he was a member of Paris' Club des Hashischins. Guest-blogger [7] He is also considered as one of the founders of modern ecology. Become a guest blogger Available evidence indicates that we do not yet have a complete understanding of the varied functions of the endocannabinoid system, which is widely distributed both in the brain and in the peripheral system and most glands and organs in the body. Sponsored post The average THC level in coffee shops in the Netherlands is about 18–19%. This study has been replicated and it has been confirmed that those with schizotypal personality disorder carry a higher risk of experiencing psychotic symptoms with cannabis use [Stirling et al. There are about 320,000 species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, produce seeds. Guest post opportunities " The use of cannabis, and particularly of long-stemmed water-pipes called chalices, is an integral part of what Rastafari call "reasoning sessions" where members join together to discuss life according to the Rasta perspective. Cannabis is used for a wide variety of purposes. The UNODC states that cannabis often contains 5% THC content, resin "can contain up to 20% THC content", and that "Cannabis oil may contain more than 60% THC content. This is also the maximum sentence for production and cultivation. But cannabis remains illegal under federal law in the United States. Guest-post 1550 BCE) from Ancient Egypt has a prescription for medical marijuana applied directly for inflammation. Experts still aren’t sure what each cannabinoid does, but they have a pretty good understanding of two of them, known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Two related substances, Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol-2-oic acid and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-4-oic acid (THCA), are also present in cannabis, sometimes in large amounts. than previously thought, especially with continued legalization of recreational marijuana. From Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). [78] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Schizophrenia is a complex mental health condition linked to psychosis. Become an author Widow's plea for rule change on overloaded lorries7. Inhaled and vaporized THC have similar absorption profiles to smoked THC, with a bioavailability ranging from 10 to 35%. 3-D, how much you may pay with insurance, where to find low-cost or free mammograms, and more. This vocation was very common down to the Han dynasty. That is where the spirit of the ganja kicks in, that the more you share the more you get, the seed thing, that is how we rolled, when rolling really was a thing.


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[91] Those that are less effective competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. Want to contribute to our website [31][32] He was registered as Carolus Linnæus, the Latin form of his full name, which he also used later for his Latin publications. Cannabis has held sacred status in several religions and has served as an entheogen – a chemical substance used in religious, shamanic, or spiritual contexts[59] – in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period dating back to approximately 1500 BCE, but perhaps as far back as 2000 BCE. [80] A 2013 review estimates daily use is associated with a 10–20% rate of dependence. Members base their practices on what they see as an eclectic mixture of ancient wisdom, modern science, and the enlightening and healing properties of cannabis sacrament. 1550 BCE) from Ancient Egypt describes medical cannabis. [4] As of 2018, medical marijuana in Canada is being legally distributed to registered patients in bud, drops and capsule forms by such companies as Canopy Growth Corp. A person has an addiction when they cannot stop using a substance. Submit blog post About 85–90% of all plants are flowering plants. [134] Cannabis is classified as a Schedule I drug under the Single Convention treaty, meaning that medical use is allowed but that it is considered to be an addictive drug with a serious risk of abuse – along with other drugs such as opium and cocaine. Contributor guidelines "), the wet parts (alcohol collection) of which were later donated to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and is today housed in the Swedish Museum of Natural History at Stockholm. Submit a guest post However, it is also known that not everyone who uses cannabis is affected adversely in the same way. In November 2015, Uttarakhand became the first state of India to legalize the cultivation of hemp for industrial purposes. Guest contributor guidelines Hopes for further liberalisation in the US and beyond spur flurry of dealmaking. Suggest a post [24][27] The effects last for two to six hours, depending on the amount used. Become a guest blogger It is suggested that these data illuminate the mechanism by which CB2Rs can negatively modulate CB1R function. Sponsored post: On decarboxylation the following major cannabinoids THC, CBD, CBC, CBCV, CBDV, CBGV, THCV are formed. Guest author [38] Since the early 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. The Hippies were against the Beast and it was a war but we replaced guns with pot and armies with communes growing organic food, yes the Hippies invented ‘Organic’ clean, natural living in harmony with nature. Via CB1 receptor activation, THC indirectly increases dopamine release and produces psychotropic effects. Guest article [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). The growth rate of plants is extremely variable. Submitting a guest post People from all over the world sent their specimens to Linnaeus to be included. Guest posting This helps explain why one substance, in different cultural contexts, can have such different effects. Submit an article It should be pointed out that in ancient China, as in most early cultures, medicine has its origin in magic. Guest post Two years after Tärnström's expedition, Finnish-born Pehr Kalm set out as the second apostle to North America. It's possible to get addicted to cannabis, especially people who are considered regular or heavy users. Suggest a post cannabis (countable and uncountable, plural cannabises). [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. In Systema Naturae, the unwieldy names mostly used at the time, such as "Physalis annua ramosissima, ramis angulosis glabris, foliis dentato-serratis", were supplemented with concise and now familiar "binomials", composed of the generic name, followed by a specific epithet—in the case given, Physalis angulata. Suggest a post Medical cannabis is somewhat effective in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)[4][17] and may be a reasonable option in those who do not improve following preferential treatment. Contributing writer Not nearly as common as it used to be, hash (or hashish) is made from the resin of the cannabis plant and can be black, brown, soft or hard – depending on the type. Guest posting rules [59][60] The resistant outer walls of prasinophyte cysts (known as phycomata) are well preserved in fossil deposits of the Paleozoic (ca. Want to write a post During an emotional processing task d-9-THC and CBD had clearly distinct effects on the neural, electrodermal and symptomatic response to fearful faces [Fusar-Poli et al. This post was written by Sativa is the most widespread variety, which is usually tall, laxly branched, and found in warm lowland regions. CB2Rs are mostly expressed in immune cells, spleen and the gastrointestinal system, and to some extent in the brain and peripheral nervous system [Izzo, 2004; Pertwee, 2006]. Submit post In the medieval Islamic world, Arabic physicians made use of the diuretic, antiemetic, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of Cannabis sativa, and used it extensively as medication from the 8th to 18th centuries. What does that mean for hummus?. ) Clarke's Analysis of Drugs and Poisons, 3rd edn, Vol. Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully parasitic broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no chlorophyll. A megasporangium enclosed in a protective layer called an integument is known as an ovule. Submit a guest post He named a solanaceous genus, Scopolia, the source of scopolamine, after him, but because of the great distance between them, they never met. Submit article [224] In Copenhagen, Denmark in 2014, mayor Frank Jensen discussed possibilities for the city to legalize cannabis production and commerce. Want to contribute to our website Other effects can include impaired short-term memory; impaired motor coordination; altered judgment; and paranoia or psychosis at high doses. Guest post opportunities In 1964, Albert Lockhart and Manley West began studying the health effects of traditional cannabis use in Jamaican communities. The only known cure is to stop using cannabis completely. With this information, it’s easier to make informed personal decisions about whether it’s worth the risk to use cannabis at all, and if you do use it, to keep those risks as low as you can make them. Submit article Hopes for further liberalisation in the US and beyond spur flurry of dealmaking. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. Through education, she aims to raise migraine awareness, destigmatize medicinal cannabis, and empower patients to make informed choices. Submit content Zammit’s group also looked for evidence of an interaction between cannabis use and COMT genotype by restricting the analysis to participants who claimed to have first used cannabis by the same cutoff period as the Caspi group, but failed to find evidence supporting the link. [120] Impairments in executive functioning are most consistently found in older populations, which may reflect heavier cannabis exposure, or developmental effects associated with adolescent cannabis use. Other evidence has also emerged on its role in treating chronic pain and anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. The authors found that genetic variation in serine-threonine protein kinase (AKT1) may mediate both short- and long-term effects on psychosis expression associated with cannabis use. Guest poster wanted These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. The risk of lung cancer is far lower, maybe as low as someone who doesn’t smoke at all. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity while the LD50 (dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents) is high. Why are people obsessed with wrestling?. Guest posting rules [18] It is unclear whether American states might be able to mitigate the adverse effects of the opioid epidemic by prescribing medical cannabis as an alternative pain management drug. They can mislead people into thinking that radiotherapy and chemotherapy are evil treatments that don’t work, their doctors are their enemies, and that all a person with cancer needs is natural cannabis. It can also be both the drug use and the problems that are caused by something else entirely. Let’s start with common unwanted effects, things which might sound familiar to many people who have tried the drug. We smoked some pot and wanted to start civilization over again, clean slate both sides, replacing the evils of slavery, capitalism, communism, politics, commerce and religion with a New World View of brotherhood and a shared destiny. However, they did not divide C. [5] When usual treatments are ineffective, cannabinoids have also been recommended for anorexia, arthritis, glaucoma,[17] and migraine. Using cannabis with lots of CBD in it, like most types of hash, might not be linked to psychosis at all. [175] or from scraping the resin from the surface of the plants and rolling it into balls. form-cell{background-color:#F8F8FF}. This can cause inflammation, coughing and wheezing (bronchitis, which goes away when a user quits). Want to contribute to our website On the expedition his primary companion was Erik Gustaf Lidbeck, a student who had accompanied him on his previous journey. If you smoke cannabis, you’ll feel the effects within minutes. Cannabis products and Δ9-THC are under international control. Cannabis warnings could be issued to adults from 2004, while khat warnings could be issued to adults from June 2014. He tried to teach the students to think for themselves and not trust anybody, not even him. Chrystal Capital hopes to profit from legalisation moves even though shares in sector have struggled. [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. Guest posts [4][31][conflicted source?] A 2012 review found no problems with tolerance, abuse, or addiction. Especially for someone who has never taken cannabis before, the effects can be hard to predict, and can be unpleasant for some people. Pictures showed a large room full of plants - reportedly more than 2,000 or so - and police used an electric saw to break into the disused building. [citation needed] In some cases, cannabis can lead to dissociative states such as depersonalization[51][52] and derealization. [293] As of 2019[update], the mechanisms for the anti-inflammatory and possible pain relieving effects of cannabis were not defined, and there were no governmental regulatory approvals or clinical practices for use of cannabis as a drug. The most abundant ones are cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). They developed a number of adaptations that allowed them to spread into increasingly more arid places, notably the vascular tissues xylem and phloem, that transport water and food throughout the organism. [67] After the initial formation of intercellular ice, the cells shrink as water is lost to the segregated ice, and the cells undergo freeze-drying. Submit guest article An international team demonstrated that this material contained tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive component of cannabis. [68][234] Canada is the second country to legalize the drug. Become guest writer Linnaeus was familiar with European hemp, which was widely cultivated at the time. Become a contributor In 1747, Linnaeus was given the title archiater, or chief physician, by the Swedish king Adolf Frederick—a mark of great respect. [20] When Linnaeus was seven, Nils decided to hire a tutor for him. Guest column Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. In Exodus 30:23 of the Bible, God directed Moses to make a holy oil composed of “myrrh, sweet cinnamon, kaneh bosm and kassia”. Unlike drugs such as alcohol, paracetamol, heroin or ecstasy, users do not die after accidentally taking too much. Have problems concentrating and learning new information. His firm has also backed plant-based food companies such as Outstanding Foods and tech names like Klarna, Robinhood and Reddit. [113][114][115] There is limited evidence that chronic cannabis use can reduce levels of glutamate metabolites in the human brain. [22] Linnaeus rarely studied, often going to the countryside to look for plants. [291][292] There is preliminary evidence that cannabis interferes with the anticoagulant properties of prescription drugs used for treating blood clots. Sponsored post: [214] Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams (0. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. Want to write an article [32] In the United States, cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, has been approved for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. [158][162] While the underlying details concerning what are considered to be scientifically valid "observable characteristics" have changed with expanding knowledge (for example, DNA sequencing, unavailable in Linnaeus's time, has proven to be a tool of considerable utility for classifying living organisms and establishing their evolutionary relationships), the fundamental principle remains sound. Submit article It aims to present the current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health. Guest-blogger Some immediate undesired side effects include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills and reddening of the eyes. The physical effects of inhaling and smoking cannabis can impact on the respiratory system, leading to oral, throat, and lung cancer. Become guest writer Plants are the primary producers in most terrestrial ecosystems and form the basis of the food web in those ecosystems. This is the name given for particular strains of grass that are very strong.


Cannabis: the facts - Healthy body contributing writer

Contributor guidelines Indica designates shorter, bushier plants adapted to cooler climates and highland environments. Guest post by [100] Light and moderate use of cannabis is not believed to increase risk of lung or upper airway cancer. Want to write for 3rd century BCE) Erya dictionary defined xi 枲 "male Cannabis" and fu 莩 (or ju 苴) "female Cannabis". Symptoms tend to peak within the first week after stopping and last up to 2 weeks. The first to draw attention to such a link was a number of epidemiological studies and reviews, which pointed towards an association between the use of cannabis and the increased risk of developing a psychotic illness, in a dose-dependent manner [Zammit et al. Conflict of interest statement: The author declare no conflicts of interest in preparing this article. He set out from Uppsala on 12 June and returned on 11 August. Want to write for There are powerful choices to be made about what cannabis to use, when and how to use it. The fully systematic name for this THC isomer is (−)-(6aR,10aR)-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl- 6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol. Become guest writer No holiday, no trade agreement, no peace treaty was transacted without it. Guest-blogger This is considered among the rarest of all the writings of Linnaeus, and crucial to his career, securing him his appointment to a professorship of medicine at Uppsala University. Guest posts wanted Kief is a powder, rich in trichomes,[172] which can be sifted from the leaves, flowers and fruits of cannabis plants and either consumed in powder form or compressed to produce cakes of hashish. Guest column Short-term use increases the risk of both minor and major adverse effects. In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". Researchers, from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland, found that plants have a specific memory for varying light conditions, which prepares their immune systems against seasonal pathogens. Start-up secures first permit in more than 20 years for commercial cannabis cultivation. Guest post: Lannerus noticed Linnaeus's interest in botany and gave him the run of his garden. Become an author In some respects, the effects are similar to those caused by alcohol. It is an officially registered religion in many countries on different continents. Submit a guest post It is illegal to be under the influence of marijuana and drive. And on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is now legal and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors in the UK from 1 November 2018. The mass spectrum of THC shows major ions at m/z = 299, 231, 314, 43, 41, 295, 55 and 271. Become a contributor Through education, she aims to raise migraine awareness, destigmatize medicinal cannabis, and empower patients to make informed choices. There have been few reports of symptoms lasting longer. Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names,[a] is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used primarily for medical and recreational purposes. , and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities. Guest post Regular cannabis use increases the risk of developing a psychotic illness, such as schizophrenia. This is a guest post by [99] O'Shaughnessy discovered cannabis in the 1830s while living abroad in India, where he conducted numerous experiments investigating the drug's medical utility (noting in particular its analgesic and anticonvulsant effects). Guest post The decision could drive more scientific research into the plant’s long-heralded medicinal properties and follows recommendations made by the World Health Organisation in 2019. Guest post policy This dehydration is now considered the fundamental cause of freezing injury. The amount of cannabis in these products can vary greatly and sometimes other harmful drugs are added too. Guest post guidelines In modern times, the Rastafari movement has embraced Cannabis as a sacrament. 5% and achieved peak blood concentrations within 1 to 8 hours after administration. [134] Of daily users, about 50% experience withdrawal upon cessation of use (i. Accepting guest posts [113] Near the head and foot of the shaman was a large leather basket and wooden bowl filled with 789g of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. Most recently, another study has provided further support for a strong association between early cannabis use and the development of schizophrenia spectrum disorder symptoms [Anglin et al. In this syndrome, persistent nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain can occur in people who have previously smoked marijuana long-term (six months or more). Submit an article [149] In it Linnaeus divided the plant Kingdom into 24 classes. Guest-post When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. Medical cannabis (or medical marijuana) refers to the use of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids, in an effort to treat disease or improve symptoms. Regularly smoking cannabis with tobacco also increases the risk of becoming addicted to nicotine and experiencing withdrawal symptoms from nicotine as well as cannabis if you cut down or give up. Heterosomes were not observed in analyzed individuals of monoecious "Kentucky" hemp, nor in an unidentified German cultivar. Looking for guest posts To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent. The American Heart Association says that "many of the concerning health implications of cannabis include cardiovascular diseases" but that it supports rescheduling to allow "more nuanced. Submit guest article Poorer school performance and increased incidence of leaving school early were both associated with cannabis use, although a causal relationship was not established. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". Become a guest blogger Upon observing the lower jawbone of a horse at the side of a road he was travelling, Linnaeus remarked: "If I only knew how many teeth and of what kind every animal had, how many teats and where they were placed, I should perhaps be able to work out a perfectly natural system for the arrangement of all quadrupeds. Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. The short term effects of cannabis can be altered if it has been laced with opioid drugs such as heroin or fentanyl. Submit guest article [7] Cannabis, as an incense, was used in the temples of Assyria and Babylon because "its aroma was pleasing to the Gods. The journey was successful, and Linnaeus's observations were published the next year in Skånska Resa. After his ennoblement, Linnaeus continued teaching and writing. Submit content [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Guest blogger guidelines EU Drug Markets — Impact of COVID-19 (May 2020). At an epidemiological level, a dose–response relationship exists between cannabis use and increased risk of psychosis[28][123][124][125] and earlier onset of psychosis. Become a contributor A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. Contribute to this site According to the Watchman Fellowship "The herb is the key to new understanding of the self, the universe, and God. [207] In the United States, the first restrictions on sale of cannabis came in 1906 (in the District of Columbia). This work takes a long time, especially as research and medical use of the drug is restricted by the law. Carl von Linné's son (Carl Linnaeus) inherited the collections in 1778 and retained them until his own death in 1783. Submit content Cannabis has become more closely linked to youth culture and the age of initiation is usually lower than for other drugs. Want to write for Various concentrations of THC, cannabidiol (CBD), or hybrid products exist in products found cannabis dispensaries in states that have legalized recreational marijuana use. Guest poster wanted This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. With an additional monetary contribution by the Scottish doctor Isaac Lawson, the manuscript was published as Systema Naturae (1735). [172] The new classification received less criticism, but many natural historians still believed he had demoted humans from their former place of ruling over nature and not being a part of it. Myrmecophytes are plants that have coevolved with ants. The unpollinated female plants are called hashish. Learn more about how cannabis affects the body. Want to write an article Become lethargic and unmotivated. Guest posts wanted However, the functionalities of the CB1Rs are not always straightforward due to complex interactions with the other neurotransmitter systems. Guest poster wanted [102] Another 2015 meta-analysis found no association between lifetime cannabis use and risk of head or neck cancer. The fungi help the plants gain water and mineral nutrients from the soil, while the plant gives the fungi carbohydrates manufactured in photosynthesis. What does that mean for hummus?. Marijuana use is also linked to other substance use disorders including nicotine addiction. The fully systematic name for this THC isomer is (−)-(6aR,10aR)-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl- 6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-ol. Guest post by His relations with Nils Rosén having worsened, Linnaeus accepted an invitation from Claes Sohlberg, son of a mining inspector, to spend the Christmas holiday in Falun, where Linnaeus was permitted to visit the mines. The colonial government of Mauritius banned cannabis in 1840 over concerns on its effect on Indian indentured workers;[206] the same occurred in Singapore in 1870. Submit post 001 millimeters per hour (mm/h), while most trees grow 0. Writers wanted It is an officially registered religion in many countries on different continents. Want to contribute to our website In fact, more recent studies are finding that CBD, one of the chemicals in cannabis is particularly effective at combatting anxiety disorders but to date there is limited data on its effectiveness as a treatment for depression. By means of cells that behave like nerves, plants receive and distribute within their systems information about incident light intensity and quality. Before that, ancestors had used the patronymic naming system of Scandinavian countries: his father was named Ingemarsson after his father Ingemar Bengtsson. Stomach ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach. In the United States, health insurance companies may not pay for a medical marijuana prescription as the Food and Drug Administration must approve any substance for medicinal purposes. Sponsored post: Two years later, a daughter, Elisabeth Christina, was born, and the subsequent year Sara gave birth to Sara Magdalena, who died when 15 days old. The pair are held on suspicion of the production of class B drugs after the raid on the disused premises. Smoking cannabis as well as tobacco might lead to more harm than smoking tobacco only. Guest posting A February 2019 review found that cannabis use during adolescence was associated with an increased risk of developing depression and suicidal behavior later in life, while finding no effect on anxiety. The herb carries a spirit, a spirit of unfaltering righteousness that opened our minds to the hope and glory of peace and love. Become a contributor No holiday, no trade agreement, no peace treaty was transacted without it. Herbal cannabis consists of the dried flowering tops and leaves. Publish your guest post These stresses often cause DNA damage directly, or indirectly via the generation of reactive oxygen species. 1100 CE) Zhenglei bencao 證類本草 ("Classified Materia Medica"):. Submit post Most of the serious harm caused by cannabis use is suffered by the minority of users who use it regularly, who take it daily or nearly daily, not to the majority of users who like to have some now and then. Guest posts wanted In the US, men are over twice as likely to use marijuana as women, and 18–29-year-olds are six times more likely to use as over-65-year-olds. By one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for "green plants"), a group that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns and their allies, hornworts, liverworts, mosses, and the green algae, but excludes the red and brown algae. As a practical matter, the Court is in agreement with the Government that smoking marijuana at religious rituals all day, every day appears abusive. [136] Member nations of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs voted 27–25 to remove it from Schedule IV on 2 December 2020,[137] following a World Health Organization recommendation for removal in January 2019. Contributor guidelines [4] It is also approved in several European countries for overactive bladder and vomiting. Inhaled cannabis can result in THC going directly to the brain, where it then travels from the brain back to the liver in recirculation for metabolism. This publication builds on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. Guest post policy This may have set the scene for the evolution of flowering plants in the Triassic (~200 million years ago), which exploded in the Cretaceous and Tertiary. Oral administration has the lowest bioavailability of approximately 6%, variable absorption depending on the vehicle used, and the longest time to peak plasma levels (2 to 6 hours) compared to smoked or vaporized THC. [121] He also corresponded with Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, "the Linnaeus of the Austrian Empire", who was a doctor and a botanist in Idrija, Duchy of Carniola (nowadays Slovenia). [106] Research in these events is complicated because cannabis is often used in conjunction with tobacco, and drugs such as alcohol and cocaine. Guest post courtesy of [170] The conflict between world views that was caused by asserting man was a type of animal would simmer for a century until the much greater, and still ongoing, creation–evolution controversy began in earnest with the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. Publish your guest post Linnaeus's remains constitute the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen that he is known to have examined was himself. [80] The patterns of genetic, morphological, and chemotaxonomic variation support recognition of C. [145] Urine contains predominantly THC-COOH, while hair, oral fluid and sweat contain primarily THC. Submit an article [300] In some countries citizens can be punished if they have used the drug in another country, including Singapore and South Korea. In May 1741, Linnaeus was appointed Professor of Medicine at Uppsala University, first with responsibility for medicine-related matters. The potency and balance of the ingredients vary, depending on how the manufacturer grows and processes the plant. Want to write for "[19] The Chinese archaeologist Hongen Jiang and his colleagues excavated a circa 2,400-2,800 BP tomb in northwest China's Turpan Basin and found the remains of an approximately 35-year-old man with Caucasian features who had been buried with thirteen 1-meter cannabis plants, placed diagonally across his chest. Different plants that fall under the order Rosales grow in all different parts of the world. Writers wanted Basic biological research has often been done with plants. Two years after Tärnström's expedition, Finnish-born Pehr Kalm set out as the second apostle to North America.


Entheogenic use of cannabis sponsored post

Cannabis smoke contains thousands of organic and inorganic chemical compounds. On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. [175] or from scraping the resin from the surface of the plants and rolling it into balls. [86] It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped before and during pregnancy as it can result in negative outcomes for both the mother and baby. Cannabis appears to be price-inelastic in the short term, but fairly elastic over the longer term. This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. [citation needed] In 1842, Irish physician William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, who had studied the drug while working as a medical officer in Bengal with the East India Company, brought a quantity of cannabis with him on his return to Britain, provoking renewed interest in the West. Anandamide has been identified as the endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid receptor and has pharmacological properties similar to those of THC. Research in these events is complicated because cannabis is often used in conjunction with tobacco, and drugs such as alcohol and cocaine. Want to write a post [85] Mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy have children with elevated levels of depression, hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. The botanists engaged in heated debate (outside of court), and both camps impugned the other's integrity. For more information see: Marijuana. Another way of looking at the relationships between the different groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their evolutionary relationships. At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. Guest contributor guidelines The journey was successful, and Linnaeus's observations were published the next year in Skånska Resa. Not seen in the UK very much anymore. It is not known when Rastafari first claimed cannabis to be sacred, but it is clear that by the late 1940s Rastafari was associated with cannabis smoking at the Pinnacle community of Leonard Howell. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. While the UK has a long history of importing cannabis resin, particularly from North Africa, the home grown market expanded significantly over the course of the 2000’s. Global Business and Financial News, Stock Quotes, and Market Data and Analysis. [72][73][23] Cannabis impairs a person's driving ability, and THC was the illicit drug most frequently found in the blood of drivers who have been involved in vehicle crashes. Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. [201][37] Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BC, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. Our group carried out a number of double-blind, pseudo-randomized studies on healthy volunteers who had previous minimal exposure to cannabis. [75] The DNA checkpoint kinase ATM has a key role in integrating progression through germination with repair responses to the DNA damages accumulated by the aged seed. Sponsored post by (2004), ‘Drugs of abuse’, in: Moffat, A. Guest post policy [note 9] I absolutely know of none. Addictions to different drugs have very different consequences. [30] Many models have been proposed to explain sex determination in Cannabis. Guest post by Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Write for us [155] The UN states that the leaves can contain ten times less THC than the buds, and the stalks one hundred times less THC. His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children. Submit your content In Egypt, cannabis pollen was recovered from the tomb of Ramses II, who governed for sixty‐seven years during the 19th dynasty, and several mummies contain trace cannabinoids. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects. Want to contribute to our website Linnaeus became acquainted with one of the most respected physicians and botanists in the Netherlands, Herman Boerhaave, who tried to convince Linnaeus to make a career there. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Submit your content Cannabis has served as an entheogen—a chemical substance used in religious or spiritual contexts[1]—in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period dating back to approximately 1500 BCE, but perhaps as far back as 2000 BCE. Plants have many cultural and other uses, as ornaments, building materials, writing material and, in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and psychoactive drugs. The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. Plants may also be grown or kept indoors as houseplants, or in specialized buildings such as greenhouses that are designed for the care and cultivation of living plants. Sequoia and its allies, magnolia, oak, and palms are often found. Lack of investment-grade companies and questions over legality run counter to optimism. Sponsored post: DrugWise Daily (AKA DS Daily) is a free drug and alcohol news service delivering the news, reports and blog posts into your inbox. Submit post As the drug has increasingly been seen as a health issue instead of criminal behavior, marijuana has also been legalized or decriminalized in: Czech Republic,[243] Colombia,[244][245] Ecuador,[246][247][248] Portugal,[249] South Africa[250] and Canada. Kief collected from a coffee grinder. Submit blog post According to the Ministry of Justice 2016 statistics there were 36,300 cannabis and khat warnings issued in the latest year, a decrease of 6,300 (15%) from the previous year. When Linnaeus returned to Sweden on 28 June 1738, he went to Falun, where he entered into an engagement to Sara Elisabeth Moræa. [41] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. [85] Mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy have children with elevated levels of depression, hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Guest article In Buddhism, cannabis is generally regarded as an intoxicant and may be a hindrance to development of meditation and clear awareness. These unpleasant but usually harmless feelings (called palpitations and tachycardia) can be scary, especially as cannabis can make sensations feel more intense than usual, and make anxiety worse. Guest poster wanted Cannabis oil was likely used throughout the Middle East for centuries before and after the birth of Christ. In Article 1, Paragraph 1, of that Convention, cannabis is defined as: ‘The flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops) from which the resin has not been extracted, by whatever name they may be designated. Addictions to different drugs have very different consequences. Want to write an article By checking this box I consent to the use of my information provided for email marketing purposes. Guest column Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. Rothman based this recommendation on the two professors who taught at the medical faculty at Uppsala: Olof Rudbeck the Younger and Lars Roberg. For young people who are developing psychosis, a supportive, open, understanding family environment works against psychosis and for recovery, whilst a hostile, blaming response worsens the outcome. Looking for guest posts Cannabis comes in three different forms:. Looking for guest posts CB1R expression in the striatum and their role in differential signalling between different developmental stages and sensorimotor and associative/limbic circuits have also been demonstrated in a recent study [van Waes et al. Most of the illicit drug emergency room visits involved multiple drugs. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Submit guest post However, the second major compound, CBD, does not affect locomotor activity, body temperature or memory on its own. Submit post Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana (MMJ), is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients. Plants in all of these groups continue to thrive, especially in the environments in which they evolved. Celtis), others are herbaceous plants (e. [93]:56–57 His lectures were normally very popular and were often held in the Botanical Garden. Guest posting guidelines [202] It was used by Muslims in various Sufi orders as early as the Mamluk period, for example by the Qalandars. Sponsored post: Receptor heteromers provide better understanding of how these different neurotransmitter systems interact with each other. Submit a guest post CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. Submit guest post In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. Linnaeus entered the Växjö Katedralskola in 1724, where he studied mainly Greek, Hebrew, theology and mathematics, a curriculum designed for boys preparing for the priesthood. He tried to teach the students to think for themselves and not trust anybody, not even him. Guest post- Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. Following an 1836–1840 travel in North Africa and the Middle East, French physician Jacques-Joseph Moreau wrote on the psychological effects of cannabis use; he was a member of Paris' Club des Hashischins. Cannabis plants produce a group of chemicals called cannabinoids, which generate mental and physical effects when consumed. In December 1777, he had another stroke which greatly weakened him, and eventually led to his death on 10 January 1778 in Hammarby. An extract of cannabis (Sativex) has been licensed in Canada. In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered. Submit your content This venation pattern varies slightly among varieties, but in general it enables one to tell Cannabis leaves from superficially similar leaves without difficulty and without special equipment. Supplying someone else, even your friends, can get you up to 14 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. ) Clarke's Analysis of Drugs and Poisons, 3rd edn, Vol. [92] Some plants have deep roots that are able to locate water stored deep underground, and others have shallower roots that are capable of extending longer distances to collect recent rainwater. Medical cannabis is somewhat effective in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)[4][17] and may be a reasonable option in those who do not improve following preferential treatment. Sparrman made many other expeditions, one of them to South Africa. It is important to recognize that these state marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law. Publish your guest post It is just like a knife; a surgeon can use one kind of knife to make a sick person better, or a healthy person can accidentally harm themselves with a knife. Herbal cannabis imported into Europe may originate from West Africa, the Caribbean or South-East Asia, but cannabis resin derives largely from either North Africa or Afghanistan. Become guest writer After his visit, Burman, impressed with his guest's knowledge, decided Linnaeus should stay with him during the winter. Guest posting Most of us are very unlikely to ever get psychosis, but this depends on a combination of our genes and the life we live. Want to write an article Remember that the law doesn’t distinguish between dealing cannabis and sharing or giving it to your friends, it all can be counted as supplying the drug. The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. The most common terpenes in cannabis are myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, terpinolene, pinene, humulene, ocimene and linalool. Want to contribute to our website The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. Guest poster wanted There is serious suspicion among cardiologists, spurring research but falling short of definitive proof, that cannabis use has the potential to contribute to cardiovascular disease. In the United States, the use of cannabis for medical purposes is legal in 36 states, four out of five permanently inhabited U. Interestingly some alkylamides from the Echinacea plant can also bind to the CB2Rs even more strongly than the endogenous cannabinoids [Raduner et al. Guest-blogger In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination. Want to write a post For example, Catherine II of Russia sent him seeds from her country. Some are beneficial, but others are more concerning. Submit post [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. Linnaeus suggested that children might absorb the personality of their wet nurse through the milk. The rose, considered a symbol of love in many cultures, is featured prominently in poetry and literature. Cannabis is widely known because of the 1960s Hippy movement. Guest post Smoking cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of becoming dependent on nicotine. Skunk’s strength and speed can sometimes catch out inexperienced users. In fact, halving the amount you consume will probably take away more than half of the risk. However, other consequences might be different given the cultural and social differences between countries. We rely on donations to continue to promote evidence-based information about drugs without political or commercial interference. If only someone might tell me a single one! If I would have called man a simian or vice versa, I would have brought together all the theologians against me. Marijuana use is also linked to other substance use disorders including nicotine addiction.


Cannabis haul at bingo hall: Two men arrested as police seize £2.2m worth of drugs guest posting rules

At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. Submit guest article [28] At the time, the XY system was the only known system of sex determination. His reputation had spread over the world, and he corresponded with many different people. Guest poster wanted The flowers are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical) and not showy, as these plants are pollinated by the wind. Skunk and other forms of strong cannabis contain high levels of THC but very little, or no, CBD. However, it is now known that the land plants evolved from within a group of green algae, so that the green algae by themselves are a paraphyletic group, i. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). The next year, he bought a neighbouring farm, Edeby. This is important as the strong THC variants of cannabis use have been increasing steeply, as have concerns on cannabis-related health risks, particularly for young people [Hall and Degenhardt, 2007; Potter et al. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. Cannabis (/ˈkænəbɪs/)[2] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. [21] Although supporters of medical cannabis say that it is safe,[35] further research is required to assess the long-term safety of its use. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Submit an article Check local legislation, especially when traveling. India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. For good quality herbal cannabis the price rose to £55, while for resin cannabis the average price was £27. Writers wanted Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes. In 1745, Linnaeus inverted the scale to its present standard. When the name Plantae or plant is applied to a specific group of organisms or taxon, it usually refers to one of four concepts. Eating/drinking – Cannabis may be baked into cookies or brownies, mixed with alcohol or brewed into a tea. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. Become guest writer [140][141] Solander was not the only apostle to journey with James Cook; Anders Sparrman followed on the Resolution in 1772–75 bound for, among other places, Oceania and South America. Guest post courtesy of For example, if you have a close relative who has had episodes of psychosis, or has schizophrenia, cannabis might be enough to give you a push towards developing such conditions yourself. Especially for someone who has never taken cannabis before, the effects can be hard to predict, and can be unpleasant for some people. are dependent), characterized by sleep problems, irritability, dysphoria, and craving. [104] The book contained a complete survey of the taxonomy system he had been using in his earlier works. Jiang said this is the first archeological discovery of complete cannabis plants, as well as the first incidence of their use as a burial shroud. More recently, van Winkel and colleagues looked at the effects of recent cannabis use whilst examining 152 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 42 candidate genes in 801 patients with psychosis and their 740 unaffected siblings [van Winkel et al. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. Addictions to different drugs have very different consequences. The true story of the men hired to take out the world's most notorious drug lord. Guest posting rules World’s largest marijuana retailer says relaxed attitudes are ‘taking hold’ across continent. In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination. Biotech bosses hail breakthrough as magic mushroom ingredient decriminalised in parts of US. [58] The direction of cause and effect, however, is unclear. A purported reason was the appearance of high potency cannabis. Accepting guest posts Molecular evidence has since shown that the most recent common ancestor (concestor), of the Fungi was probably more similar to that of the Animalia than to that of Plantae or any other kingdom. The hypothesis has been hotly debated as it is regarded by some as the primary rationale for the United States prohibition on cannabis use. Writers wanted [4] Oral preparations are "problematic due to the uptake of cannabinoids into fatty tissue, from which they are released slowly, and the significant first-pass liver metabolism, which breaks down Δ9THC and contributes further to the variability of plasma concentrations". Submit your content [66] Although he failed to identify the true source of disease transmission, (i. Want to write for With this information, it’s easier to make informed personal decisions about whether it’s worth the risk to use cannabis at all, and if you do use it, to keep those risks as low as you can make them. Guest posting At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. Funding: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Sponsored post by On decarboxylation the following major cannabinoids THC, CBD, CBC, CBCV, CBDV, CBGV, THCV are formed. Guest blogger Cannabis can also be cooked into food (such as brownies). Guest post- [78] Eventually, both routes of metabolism result in the metabolism of psychoactive THC to inactive 11-COOH-THC. [39][40] In 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize recreational use of cannabis. Submit an article Common side effects with Epidiolex can include:. Contributing writer These are not yet completely settled, but one accepted relationship between the three groups described above is shown below[clarification needed]. [36] In Uppsala, Linnaeus met a new benefactor, Olof Celsius, who was a professor of theology and an amateur botanist. Embryophytes include the vascular plants, such as ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Any change in the availability of these external conditions will be reflected in the plant's growth and the timing of its development. Guest contributor guidelines Again, these effects are less common in products containing more CBD than THC. Contributing writer Some permit the use of products containing only CBD, while others consider any kind of cannabis use a serious crime. Submit an article The EU and US consider sanctions after Belarus forced a plane carrying a dissident journalist to land. [117] A 2012 meta-analysis found that deficits in most domains of cognition persisted beyond the acute period of intoxication, but was not evident in studies where subjects were abstinent for more than 25 days. Itinerant Hindu saints have used it in the Indian subcontinent for centuries. Want to contribute to our website Struggling to hold your breath when you want to cough or breathe out can create sudden pressure changes in the lungs, as can sucking very forcefully from a bong. CBD is hydroxylated by P450 liver enzymes into 7-OH-CBD. Other risks of regularly using cannabis can include:. Guest post policy Some are beneficial, but others are more concerning. At the top of a flowering plant, this number again diminishes to a single leaflet per leaf. [96]:19–22 Harvesting the plant led to the spread of cannabis throughout Eurasia about 10,000 to 5,000 years ago, with further distribution to the Middle East and Africa about 2,000 to 500 years ago. Submitting a guest post Cannabis is usually smoked, often mixed with tobacco or in a smoking device (bong). However, additional states continue to undertake or pursue citizen petitions in the future to legalize the recreational use of cannabis. In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination. Guest post policy [16][17][18][19][20][21][22] Those which have been called "plants" are in bold (some minor groups have been omitted). Leaves are often more or less palmately lobed or palmately compound and always bear stipules. Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. People have spread plants beyond their native ranges and some of these introduced plants become invasive, damaging existing ecosystems by displacing native species, and sometimes becoming serious weeds of cultivation. Want to contribute to our website [207] In the United States, the first restrictions on sale of cannabis came in 1906 (in the District of Columbia). I dedicated all my free time to researching this topic and learning from doctors and fellow patients. Cannabis is becoming increasingly accepted for its use as medicine. Guest post A February 2019 review found that cannabis use during adolescence was associated with an increased risk of developing depression and suicidal behavior later in life, while finding no effect on anxiety. Cannabis use does put some extra stresses on the body, and there is some evidence suggesting that heart attacks and strokes are slightly more likely to happen soon after using cannabis, just as they can be triggered by exercise or sex. Guest posters wanted [153] It is unclear, however, whether the increase in THC content has caused people to consume more THC or if users adjust based on the potency of the cannabis. What's the risk of Covid on public transport?. Guest-post [178] Swedish historian Gunnar Broberg states that the new human species Linnaeus described were actually simians or native people clad in skins to frighten colonial settlers, whose appearance had been exaggerated in accounts to Linnaeus. But like all drugs that distort the way you think and behave, cannabis use creates a risk of hurting yourself doing something stupid, ranging from trying to cook to trying to cross a motorway. Guest poster wanted [54] The account covered 534 species, used the Linnaean classification system and included, for the described species, geographical distribution and taxonomic notes. Guest posters wanted It is a cross-breed of Cannabis sativa and C. [57] Physiological barriers to reproduction are not known to occur within Cannabis, and plants from widely divergent sources are interfertile. is used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for a species' name. [135] Thanks to these students, the Linnaean system of taxonomy spread through the world without Linnaeus ever having to travel outside Sweden after his return from Holland. Looking for guest posts The low bioavailability is largely attributed to significant first-pass metabolism in the liver and erratic absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. Some call it weed, some call it pot, and others call it marijuana. Ornamental plants have sometimes changed the course of history, as in tulipomania. Suggest a post There is moderate evidence that it can help with sleep problems relating to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and MS. Due to the poor bioavailability of oral preparations, alternative routes of administration have been studied, including sublingual and rectal. Guest contributor guidelines [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. Research in these events is complicated because cannabis is often used in conjunction with tobacco, and drugs such as alcohol and cocaine. [224] In Copenhagen, Denmark in 2014, mayor Frank Jensen discussed possibilities for the city to legalize cannabis production and commerce. Guest-post Indeed drug challenge studies with d-9-THC on healthy volunteers have shown a broad range of transient symptoms, behaviours and cognitive deficits ranging from anxiety to psychosis to transient memory disturbance [D’Souza et al. It is very unusual in the UK for someone to go to prison just for possessing cannabis for personal use. Guest post Most people who try cannabis are not harmed by it at all. An Irish physician, William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, is credited with introducing cannabis to Western medicine. A 2007 meta analysis concluded that cannabis use reduced the average age of onset of psychosis by 2. [20] When Linnaeus was seven, Nils decided to hire a tutor for him. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. He taught Linnaeus to classify plants according to Tournefort's system. The amount of this help varied; sometimes he used his influence as Rector to grant his apostles a scholarship or a place on an expedition. Cannabis is a plant that has uses as a recreational and medicinal drug. [195] Linnaeus has appeared on numerous Swedish postage stamps and banknotes. This system was named the ‘cannabinoid receptor system’ due to the binding affinity of d-9-THC to these receptors as a partial agonist. It aims to present the current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health. Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Gardeners Dictionary,[80] The conservative Scot actually retained in his dictionary a number of pre-Linnaean binomial signifiers discarded by Linnaeus but which have been retained by modern botanists. Guest post opportunities Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. Backers of themed ETFs optimistic after rulings by UN and European Court of Justice boost investor sentiment. Wood is pulped to make paper and cardboard. The theological concerns were twofold: first, putting man at the same level as monkeys or apes would lower the spiritually higher position that man was assumed to have in the great chain of being, and second, because the Bible says man was created in the image of God[169] (theomorphism), if monkeys/apes and humans were not distinctly and separately designed, that would mean monkeys and apes were created in the image of God as well.


Cannabis, a complex plant: different compounds and different effects on individuals submit blog post

His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. With an additional monetary contribution by the Scottish doctor Isaac Lawson, the manuscript was published as Systema Naturae (1735). Guest post policy [90] Eventually, one species will out-compete the other, which will push the disadvantaged species to extinction. For example, if you drive when stoned or high you double your chances of having a fatal or serious injury car crash, but if you drive after mixing cannabis with alcohol, you’re 16 times more likely to crash. It should also improve classification accuracy for cannabis used recreationally. Contribute to this site  'naked') and σπέρμα (sperma lit. At small doses, cannabis produces euphoria, relief of anxiety, sedation and drowsiness. Cannabis is indigenous to Central Asia[189] and the Indian subcontinent,[190] and its uses for fabric and rope dates back to the Neolithic age in China and Japan. The fungi help the plants gain water and mineral nutrients from the soil, while the plant gives the fungi carbohydrates manufactured in photosynthesis. Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. Guest post: According to Home Office statistics on drug use in from 2018  cannabis continues to be our most commonly used illegal drug, with 7. The effects of cannabis can vary massively. "[19] The Chinese archaeologist Hongen Jiang and his colleagues excavated a circa 2,400-2,800 BP tomb in northwest China's Turpan Basin and found the remains of an approximately 35-year-old man with Caucasian features who had been buried with thirteen 1-meter cannabis plants, placed diagonally across his chest. Rudbeck no longer gave public lectures, and had others stand in for him. However, cannabis can play a very destructive role in some people’s lives, particularly if they become addicted to it. Submit blog post Extremely hot showers and topical capsaicin cream have been found to relieve symptoms of CHS, but exactly why this occurs is not known. There he spent two-and-a-half years studying the flora and fauna of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and Canada. Want to write a post If we don’t produce enough endocannabinoids to keep our ECS receptors working properly, this creates an imbalance that can cause a whole host of issues. Cannabis has psychoactive and physiological effects when consumed. Guest blogger Linnaeus was overjoyed when Kalm returned, bringing back with him many pressed flowers and seeds. [118] One review concluded that, although most cognitive faculties were unimpaired by cannabis use, residual deficits occurred in executive functions. Fossil land plants are recorded in terrestrial, lacustrine, fluvial and nearshore marine sediments. Guest contributor guidelines Whatever the drug is, never leave someone alone who is vomiting and intoxicated, as there is a risk of choking. Guest post guidelines This page will let you know some of the risks of cannabis use that users can easily avoid, and also help you to recognise those risks you can never totally get away from if you use it. Cannabis is a drug that comes from a plant, or a plant which is used as a drug. Linnaeus did not like him, writing in his autobiography that Telander "was better calculated to extinguish a child's talents than develop them". Guest post opportunities Several studies have demonstrated the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting in the advanced stages of illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. THC stimulates specific cannabinoid receptors that increase the release of dopamine. Guest-blogger This dehydration is now considered the fundamental cause of freezing injury. This is a guest post by [193][194] Some research suggests that the ancient Indo-Iranian drug soma, mentioned in the Vedas, sometimes contained cannabis. Two men have been arrested after police raided a major cannabis operation in a former bingo hall. Guest post opportunities Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using "an X/autosome dosage type". Become guest writer With long-term use, changes in the brain can occur that lead to problematic use, or cannabis use disorder. [104] The book contained a complete survey of the taxonomy system he had been using in his earlier works. Guest posts wanted Anyone using a hydroponic system, or growing more than a handful of plants, is likely to be charged with intent to supply, as well as production and possession. Guest posts Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the production of fiber, as a source of cheap oil, for their nutritious seeds, or their edible leaves. The provenance of the hydra suggested to Linnaeus that it had been manufactured by monks to represent the Beast of Revelation. Contributing writer Sometimes people argue with one side saying “cannabis is a harmful drug” and the other side saying “no it isn’t, cannabis is a wonderful medicine”. Due to its potency, however, some consumers use only a small quantity of kief in order to limit its effects. [55] About 9% of those who experiment with marijuana eventually become dependent. [155] The UN states that the leaves can contain ten times less THC than the buds, and the stalks one hundred times less THC. [261] According to Daniel Forbes writing for slate. [147] Meanwhile, a 13th edition of the entire Systema appeared in parts between 1788 and 1793. Cannabis use has been falling; most people in the UK (more than two out of three) have never tried cannabis, but it’s still the most popular illegal drug. are dependent), characterized by sleep problems, irritability, dysphoria, and craving. Submit blog post We smoked some pot and wanted to start civilization over again, clean slate both sides, replacing the evils of slavery, capitalism, communism, politics, commerce and religion with a New World View of brotherhood and a shared destiny. Just three prescriptions have been administered by the NHS since 2018, industry reports. [71][81] After delta-9-THC is hydroxylated into 11-OH-THC via CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4, it undergoes phase II metabolism into more than 30 metabolites, a majority of which are products of glucuronidation. This tree with fern-like foliage and a trunk with conifer-like wood was heterosporous producing spores of two different sizes, an early step in the evolution of seeds. Low-THC cannabis products in Europe (December 2020). Submit blog post But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people. In rescheduling, the UN recognises that cannabis carries fewer risks than other Schedule IV drugs such as heroin. Many countries regulate limits for psychoactive compound (THC) concentrations in products labeled as hemp. [236] Usage within the Hindu and Buddhist cultures of the Indian subcontinent is common, with many street vendors in India openly selling products infused with cannabis, and traditional medical practitioners in Sri Lanka selling products infused with cannabis for recreational purposes and well as for religious celebrations. Within these two subspecies, Small and Cronquist described C. Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. Other risks of regularly using cannabis can include:. Drug Science is currently collecting data on medical cannabis with Project Twenty21, through which eligible people can access medical cannabis at a reduced price, while their treatment outcomes are analysed to gather evidence for the role of cannabis as a medicine and to help guide public health policy. The justice of this conclusion will be admitted: for in the first place, we must bear in mind the comparative insignificance for classification of the great development of the brain in man, and that the strongly marked differences between the skulls of man and the Quadrumana (lately insisted upon by Bischoff, Aeby, and others) apparently follow from their differently developed brains. Become a contributor Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant, has low toxicity while the LD50 (dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents) is high. Again, these effects are less common in products containing more CBD than THC. Page last reviewed: 3 December 2020 Next review due: 3 December 2023. Various forms of parasitism are also fairly common among plants, from the semi-parasitic mistletoe that merely takes some nutrients from its host, but still has photosynthetic leaves, to the fully parasitic broomrape and toothwort that acquire all their nutrients through connections to the roots of other plants, and so have no chlorophyll. Looking for guest posts On 17 October 2018, Canada legalized cannabis for recreational adult use[239] making it the second country in the world to do so after Uruguay and the first G7 nation. Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide), and the impregnated tissue is often preserved in fine detail. Submit your content [102][115] In Hammarby, Linnaeus made a garden where he could grow plants that could not be grown in the Botanical Garden in Uppsala. The research supporting CBD use for inflammation and pain is promising. EU Drug Markets — Impact of COVID-19 (May 2020). Cannabis has not been linked to birth defects, but research suggests that using cannabis regularly during pregnancy could affect a baby's brain development as they get older. Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using "an X/autosome dosage type". Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. They act in a similar way to neurotransmitters, sending messages throughout the nervous system. [136] Investigators have suggested that this is an important factor in marijuana's effects, perhaps because cannabinoids may accumulate in the body, particularly in the lipid membranes of neurons. This is a dark, sticky and honey-coloured substance that’s much less common than other types. Guest post guidelines [162] Nabiximols, an oromucosal spray derived from two strains of Cannabis sativa and containing THC and CBD,[68] is not approved in the United States, but is approved in several European countries, Canada, and New Zealand as of 2013. See the etymology of the main entry. Guest post opportunities [6] In their APG III system of plant classification, they defined Rosales as consisting of the nine families listed in the box on the right. The four major compounds are d-9-THC, CBD, d-8-THC and cannabinol, which have been most researched [Pertwee, 1997, 2008; Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012]. Thanks to Ethan Russo and Geoffrey W. The colonial government of Mauritius banned cannabis in 1840 over concerns on its effect on Indian indentured workers;[206] the same occurred in Singapore in 1870. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2. DrugWise Daily (AKA DS Daily) is a free drug and alcohol news service delivering the news, reports and blog posts into your inbox. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. [179] Nabiximols is a branded product name from a tincture manufacturing pharmaceutical company. The first such study was carried out by Caspi and colleagues [Caspi et al. These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. People may still feel the effects the next day, particularly after a heavy session. Suggest a post However, they did not divide C. 18m at Empire Bingo in Swinton Road, Mexborough, near Doncaster. Guest contributor guidelines Marijuana use in the United States is three times above the global average, but in line with other Western democracies. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. Submit blog post [68] Medical marijuana was legalized in Mexico in mid-2017; legislators plan to legalize its recreational use by late 2019. [72] The available evidence does not support a causal relationship between cannabis use and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Submit a guest post [72] The available evidence does not support a causal relationship between cannabis use and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The other important compound in cannabis is CBD (cannabidiol). [263] Prices and overall markets have also varied considerably over time. Some immediate undesired side effects include a decrease in short-term memory, dry mouth, impaired motor skills and reddening of the eyes. It leads to a high production of flowering material (sometimes known as ‘skunk’). In 1976, Canadian botanist Ernest Small[68] and American taxonomist Arthur Cronquist published a taxonomic revision that recognizes a single species of Cannabis with two subspecies: C. Submit blog post [11] Cannabis remains illegal at the federal level under the Controlled Substances Act, which classifies it as a Schedule I drug with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. Suggest a post com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. 7 years relative to non-cannabis use. [119] Cannabis use eventually became a ritual part of the Hindu festival of Holi. However, cannabis affects people differently and therefore it is important to understand what makes someone more at risk and how they differ compared with those who do not develop psychotic illness. [7] He is also considered as one of the founders of modern ecology.


Cannabis, a complex plant: different compounds and different effects on individuals guest blogger

Become guest writer However, edible cannabis, which may contain higher amount of THC, can take a longer period of time to reach full effect as it must be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Guest post opportunities Exposure to THC can cause acute transient psychotic symptoms in healthy individuals and people with schizophrenia. Suggest a post [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. Submitting a guest post For example, Catherine II of Russia sent him seeds from her country. Compounds which are structurally similar to THC are referred to as cannabinoids. [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). Tracee Ellis Ross, Dan Levy, Adam Curtis, Dan Pearson, Lisa Brice, Florian Krewer, Simone Ashley and others join a special edition dedicated to the future and finding the positives in life. Several studies have demonstrated the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting in the advanced stages of illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Guest post opportunities Cannabis affects everyone differently. At the time, it was common for Swedes to pursue doctoral degrees in the Netherlands, then a highly revered place to study natural history. In this article we first provide an overview of the biochemical basis of cannabis research by examining the different effects of the two main compounds of the plant and the endocannabinoid system, and then go on to review available information on the possible factors explaining variation of its effects upon different individuals. Guest post guidelines The study following the largest number of heavy cannabis users reported that IQ declined between ages 7–13 and age 38. While some gardens are planted with food crops, many are planted for aesthetic, ornamental, or conservation purposes. "[57] Populations that are physiologically capable of interbreeding, but morphologically or genetically divergent and isolated by geography or ecology, are sometimes considered to be separate species. Medical cannabis is unusually broad as a treatment for many conditions, each of which has its own state of research. Guest post by Do not use cannabis if you are pregnant or could become pregnant. In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. Yes, any time you mix drugs together you take on new risks. In 1969, Robert Whittaker proposed the creation of the kingdom Fungi. Submit a guest post "Cannabis farms generate essential income that drives OCG activity, it's not a 'harmless' drug in any way, shape or form. Others believe that modern strains actually are significantly more potent than older ones. This was something many could not accept. This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts, cannabinoids, and derivatives in the definition of hemp. Cannabis for industrial uses is valuable in tens of thousands of commercial products, especially as fibre[108] ranging from paper, cordage, construction material and textiles in general, to clothing. In northeastern Asia, shamanism was widespread from Neolithic down to recent times. [93] However, if a large amount is taken orally the effects may last much longer. Others even experience withdrawal symptoms when not using cannabis, such as irritability, low appetite, and mood swings. Contributing writer 2011[49] and modified with Silar 2016[20][21][50][51] for the green algae clades and Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[52] for the land plants clade. Want to contribute to our website He also gave the student free admission to his lectures. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is the reference point on drugs and drug addiction information in Europe. Guest column The word cannabis is from Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis) (see Latin cannabis),[138] which was originally Scythian or Thracian. Guest column [1][2] The use of cannabis as medicine has not been rigorously tested due to production and governmental restrictions, resulting in limited clinical research to define the safety and efficacy of using cannabis to treat diseases. Guest post courtesy of Attorneys on both sides recruited botanists to provide expert testimony. In the spring of 1749, Linnaeus could finally journey to Scania, again commissioned by the Government. Hemp and cannabis, the botanical name assigned in the mid-eighteenth century, describe the entire cannabis plant for all its uses. There are three types of cannabis used in the Indian subcontinent. Whilst d-9-THC alone increased pulse rate, disturbed time tasks and induced strong psychological reactions in the subjects, CBD alone provoked no such effects. Write for us How long the effects last and the drug stays in your system depends on how much you’ve taken, your size, whether you’ve eaten and what other drugs you may have also taken. Become a guest blogger 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Guest posting Medical marijuana comes in various forms for use, including oil, tablet or capsule, liquid that can be vaporized, nasal spray, and the traditional dried leaves and buds thay can be smoked or taken as edibles. [54][55] The classification of Bryophyta is supported both by Puttick et al. Jodie Epstein is a patient advocate and the proud founder of MigraineBuds, an initiative that provides cannabis education and support to migraine patients all over the world. Want to write a post West accuses Belarus of hijacking plane2. [117] A 2012 meta-analysis found that deficits in most domains of cognition persisted beyond the acute period of intoxication, but was not evident in studies where subjects were abstinent for more than 25 days. Want to write an article Philosophia Botanica (1751)[104] was a summary of Linnaeus's thinking on plant classification and nomenclature, and an elaboration of the work he had previously published in Fundamenta Botanica (1736) and Critica Botanica (1737). On the way home, he stayed in Paris for about a month, visiting botanists such as Antoine de Jussieu. Guest-blogger The vapour can still make you cough, but there is some research now to show that it can cause less harm. While the effects of use rely on dose and the expectations and mood of the user, cannabis can often lead to a state of relaxation, talkativeness and the giggles. Submit guest post Less like alcohol, cannabis also can alter the senses in unusual ways, so music, food, films, computer games might seem different, more fascinating, and easier to feel immersed in. Become a contributor External ligands such as d-9-THC, various synthetic compounds and endocannabinoids such as anandamide can activate these receptors [Pertwee et al. It varies in color from black to golden brown depending upon purity and variety of cultivar it was obtained from. Submit article Experts are still trying to fully understand the long-term effects of using cannabis. Dioecious "Kentucky" hemp was assumed to use an XY mechanism. Submit a guest post Linnaeus's dissertation was translated into French by J. Guest posting guidelines Cannabis may increase the effects of other drugs that cause drowsiness, including:. The biological basis of this variable sensitivity is yet unclear. [127] He suffered a second stroke in 1776, losing the use of his right side and leaving him bereft of his memory; while still able to admire his own writings, he could not recognise himself as their author. The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. Guest posts [57] Blood may contain both substances, with the relative amounts dependent on the recency and extent of usage. Guest article The ability to drive vehicles or to operate machinery may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. Inspector Adrian Luscombe, whose team led the operation, explained: "In Mexborough and the surrounding areas of Doncaster, we focus heavily on tacking organised crime gangs (OCG). Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. Submit blog post Former miner: Why I’m giving up my coal fire.  'naked') and σπέρμα (sperma lit. So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. [177] The term "rosin hash" refers to a high quality solventless product obtained through heat and pressure. In the obsolete Cronquist system, the order Rosales was many times polyphyletic. [293] As of 2019[update], the mechanisms for the anti-inflammatory and possible pain relieving effects of cannabis were not defined, and there were no governmental regulatory approvals or clinical practices for use of cannabis as a drug. Accepting guest posts Cannabis has not been reported to cause fatal overdose in humans, and it would be extremely difficult to consume enough natural cannabis to cause an overdose using traditional methods like smoking it. [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). Publish your guest post Cannabis has some side effects such as drying out the mouth and eyes (which can look red and feel itchy), and generating a strong appetite; ‘the munchies’. This post was written by The Swedish King Adolf Frederick granted Linnaeus nobility in 1757, but he was not ennobled until 1761. These are highly concentrated forms of cannabis that are extracted using butane. There are many scientists who are trying hard to help patients by investigating and testing all the interesting chemicals in the cannabis plant that could maybe work as medicines, so that as many people as possible can benefit in future. Without realising it, people learn to fit in with acting a certain way when they are stoned and around other stoned people. The very first compound isolated in pure form from the plant was cannabinol [Wood, 1899]. Publish your guest post [47] Recent phylogenetic studies based on cpDNA restriction site analysis and gene sequencing strongly suggest that the Cannabaceae sensu stricto arose from within the former family Celtidaceae, and that the two families should be merged to form a single monophyletic family, the Cannabaceae sensu lato. Articles wanted They are then rapidly removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters, often referred to as anandamide membrane transporters, which facilitate their breakdown by internalizing the molecule and allowing access to fatty acid amide hydrolase [Pertwee, 2010]. stands for Linnaeus, and indicates the authority who first named the species). Sponsored post by [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. While cannabis does not produce physical dependence, mild withdrawal symptoms have been observed in experiments. The two main ways that people get the cannabis chemicals into their body are through the lungs, by smoking or vaporizing it, or through the gut (orally), by eating or drinking it or by holding cannabis oil under the tongue. Want to write an article [13] In comparison, typical government-approved medications contain only one or two chemicals. Guest poster wanted Several projects are currently attempting to collect all plant species in online databases, e. Contributing writer Levitra is a medication used for erectile dysfunction. [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. This venation pattern varies slightly among varieties, but in general it enables one to tell Cannabis leaves from superficially similar leaves without difficulty and without special equipment. Publish your guest post Regularly smoking cannabis with tobacco increases the risk of a baby being born small or premature. Most of the illicit drug emergency room visits involved multiple drugs. Street terms for cannabis/cannabis resin include bhang, charas, pot, dope, ganja, hemp, weed, blow, grass and many others. Guest post guidelines state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). [45] However, physical barriers to gene exchange (such as the Himalayan mountain range) might have enabled Cannabis gene pools to diverge before the onset of human intervention, resulting in speciation. Submit guest article The fruit can be an achene or a drupe. Contribute to this site However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. Inaugurated in Lisbon in 1995, it is one of the EU’s decentralised agencies. Stearn notes, without Linnaeus's new system, it would not have been possible for the apostles to collect and organise so many new specimens. states legalized cannabis, street prices began to drop. Submit an article [145] Urine contains predominantly THC-COOH, while hair, oral fluid and sweat contain primarily THC. [91] These shared resources commonly include space for growth, sunlight, water and nutrients. Other types of sales and transportation are not permitted, although the general approach toward cannabis was lenient even before official decriminalization. In rescheduling, the UN recognises that cannabis carries fewer risks than other Schedule IV drugs such as heroin. Submit content 5% of people in the UK use cannabis regularly [Atha, 2005].


Cannabis drug profile submit blog post

There is also a greater appreciation of sensory experiences such as music and hallucinations may occur with higher doses. Guest-post Herbal cannabis (known as ‘cannabis flos’), with a nominal THC content of 18 %, is available as a prescription medicine in The Netherlands. Guest posters wanted It does not please [you] that I've placed Man among the Anthropomorpha, perhaps because of the term 'with human form',[note 8] but man learns to know himself. Guest post courtesy of High doses may also cause fluctuating emotions, fragmentary thoughts, paranoia, panic attacks, hallucinations and feelings of unreality. Guest blogger This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. When heavy users do try to stop they can:. The immediate effects of cannabis can be nasty but are rarely catastrophic. Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. Following an 1836–1840 travel in North Africa and the Middle East, French physician Jacques-Joseph Moreau wrote on the psychological effects of cannabis use; he was a member of Paris' Club des Hashischins. Submit article Linnaeus was born in the village of Råshult in Småland, Sweden, on 23 May 1707. Guest post- Another interesting compound of the plant, d-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (d-9-THCV), a novel CB1R antagonist, also exerts potentially useful actions in the treatment of epilepsy and obesity [Pertwee, 2008; Izzo et al. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. the herb is the healing of the nations. Guest article A doctor can be a good person to ask for advice. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. "If you have information that could help us identify those who set up these farms it's essential you come forward and tell us what you know. Contributor guidelines At the top of a flowering plant, this number again diminishes to a single leaflet per leaf. [6] His other son, Johannes, had died aged 3. Have problems concentrating and learning new information. In the second place, we must remember that nearly all the other and more important differences between man and the Quadrumana are manifestly adaptive in their nature, and relate chiefly to the erect position of man; such as the structure of his hand, foot, and pelvis, the curvature of his spine, and the position of his head. Accepting guest posts CHS is considered a paradoxical effect, because use of cannabinoids typically decrease nausea and vomiting. Minerals are also important for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if nutrient needs are not met. [4] Oral preparations are "problematic due to the uptake of cannabinoids into fatty tissue, from which they are released slowly, and the significant first-pass liver metabolism, which breaks down Δ9THC and contributes further to the variability of plasma concentrations". [87] The botanist Hui-lin Li wrote that in China, "The use of Cannabis in medicine was probably a very early development. His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. Cannabis research is challenging since the plant is illegal in most countries. [197] The Iranians also introduced cannabis to the Scythians, Thracians and Dacians, whose shamans (the kapnobatai—"those who walk on smoke/clouds") burned cannabis infructescences to induce trance. Accepting guest posts AD 1320 were found to have traces of cannabis. Submit an article Nevertheless, Linnaeus is credited with establishing the idea of a hierarchical structure of classification which is based upon observable characteristics and intended to reflect natural relationships. When cannabis is used, d-9-THC as a partial agonist binds to CB1R and acts in a less selective manner in inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters normally modulated by endocannabinoids such as AEA and 2-AG. [182] Hash oil can be the most potent of the main cannabis products because of its high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, which can vary depending on the plant's mix of essential oils and psychoactive compounds. Guest post guidelines [7] He is also considered as one of the founders of modern ecology. [103] Cannabis was removed from the U. Each has its own effects and uses:. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Submit post Via CB1 receptor activation, THC indirectly increases dopamine release and produces psychotropic effects. Submit content It can make it harder to get your dream job or can mean you can be blocked from travelling to some countries such as America. A megasporangium enclosed in a protective layer called an integument is known as an ovule. [93] Short-term use of cannabis is associated with bronchodilation. In exchange, the plants supply sugars to the bacteria. A fire that destroyed about one third of Uppsala and had threatened his residence there necessitated the move. [120][121][self-published source?] The plant is called Korakkar Mooli in the Tamil language, meaning Korakkar's herb. Guest posts 9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65). Alcohol and nicotine also prime the brain for a heightened response to other drugs and are, like marijuana, also typically used before a person progresses to other, more harmful substances. Of these individuals, about 9% may develop an addiction. Reading, engaging with, and sharing our publications, papers and commentary gives evidence-based science and policy the audience it needs and deserves. Guest post opportunities This is a dark, sticky and honey-coloured substance that’s much less common than other types. Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. Guest posting rules Of course, when someone gets scared by this effect, it can make the heart beat even harder and lead to a panic attack. Seed plants can survive and reproduce in extremely arid conditions, because they are not dependent on free water for the movement of sperm, or the development of free living gametophytes. Researchers think it is much more common in the U. Be sure to check all rules before use. Guest blogger One of a long line of peasants and priests, Nils was an amateur botanist, a Lutheran minister, and the curate of the small village of Stenbrohult in Småland. However, oral administration of CBD has a faster time to peak concentrations (2 hours) than THC. About 9% of those who experiment with marijuana eventually become dependent according to DSM-IV (1994) criteria. [16] There is no consistent evidence that it helps with chronic pain and muscle spasms. A related alternative to the gateway hypothesis is the common liability to addiction (CLA) theory. [24][25][26] Many populations have been described as sexually labile. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. [129][130] Cannabis may also increase the risk of depression, but insufficient research has been performed to draw a conclusion. [1][2] The use of cannabis as medicine has not been rigorously tested due to production and governmental restrictions, resulting in limited clinical research to define the safety and efficacy of using cannabis to treat diseases. Sponsored post: Skunk cannabis potency ranges usually from 6% to 15% and rarely as high as 20%. [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. If taken in excess it produces hallucinations and a staggering gait. In the United States, the medical use of cannabis further declined with the passage of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, which imposed new regulations and fees on physicians prescribing cannabis. Cannabis sativa cultivars are used for fibers due to their long stems; Sativa varieties may grow more than six metres tall. Cannabis, (genus Cannabis), genus of medicinal, recreational, and fibre plants belonging to the family Cannabaceae. Although Rudbeck and Roberg had undoubtedly been good professors, by then they were older and not so interested in teaching. The amount of cannabis normally used for medicinal purposes is not believed to cause any permanent cognitive impairment in adults, though long-term treatment in adolescents should be weighed carefully as they are more susceptible to these impairments. Guest contributor guidelines So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. the stresses of being a gang-member or a struggling immigrant) stressful events (like having a baby), or even just living in a city. Further support for the possible involvement of the AKT1 gene comes from our study with healthy volunteers. Submit content The health consequences of cannabis use in developing countries are largely unknown because of limited and non-systematic research, but there is no reason a priori to expect that biological effects on individuals in these populations would be substantially different to what has been observed in developed countries. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. It’s the hope of many of us in the medical cannabis community that facts like these will lead to the declassification of cannabis as a Schedule I drug, which is defined by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as a substance “with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Contributor guidelines [27] At high doses, mental effects can include anxiety, delusions (including ideas of reference), hallucinations, panic, paranoia, and psychosis. Guest post Soft black resin, furry green leaves and hard brown lumps, cannabis can look very different depending on its type – but it all comes from cannabis plants. These are related to CB1Rs and CB2Rs being members of the super family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) [Pertwee et al. Cannabis was criminalized in various countries beginning in the 19th century. Suggest a post [93]:62[118][119] Linnaeus inscribed this personal motto in books that were gifted to him by friends. In the meantime, I will continue to learn everything I can about cannabis as it pertains to migraine and make this information accessible to others. Articles wanted Linnaeus and Sohlberg were forced to flee from Hamburg. Want to write for "), the wet parts (alcohol collection) of which were later donated to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and is today housed in the Swedish Museum of Natural History at Stockholm. Guest post by [107] In the tradition of the period, this dissertation was essentially an idea of the presiding reviewer (prases) expounded upon by the student. Contribute to this site In 1964, Albert Lockhart and Manley West began studying the health effects of traditional cannabis use in Jamaican communities. Using cannabis while pregnant may harm the unborn baby. Submit your content At the moment, the evidence for cannabis as a chemotherapy is incomplete and uncertain, it might help, it might not. In fact, more recent studies are finding that CBD, one of the chemicals in cannabis is particularly effective at combatting anxiety disorders but to date there is limited data on its effectiveness as a treatment for depression. CB1Rs are mainly in the brain, particularly in the substantia nigra, the basal ganglia, limbic system, hippocampus and cerebellum, but are also expressed in the peripheral nervous system, liver, thyroid, uterus, bones and testicular tissue [Russo and Guy, 2006; Pagotto et al. For instance, in a heteromer complex, not only the antagonist of CB1R but also the other receptor antagonist can block the inhibitory effect of CB1R agonist. Most of the serious harm caused by cannabis use is suffered by the minority of users who use it regularly, who take it daily or nearly daily, not to the majority of users who like to have some now and then. Looking for guest posts [198] The plant was used in China before 2800 BC, and found therapeutic use in India by 1000 BC, where it was used in food and drink, including bhang. But experts still aren’t sure how strong this link is. Traditionally, kief has been pressed into cakes of hashish for convenience in storage, although it can be vaporized or smoked in either form. [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. Within these two subspecies, Small and Cronquist described C. The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. [53] The placing of algal groups is supported by phylogenies based on genomes from the Mesostigmatophyceae and Chlorokybophyceae that have since been sequenced. Epiphytes may indirectly harm their host plant by intercepting mineral nutrients and light that the host would otherwise receive. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. [261] This is disputed for various reasons, and there is little consensus as to whether this is a fact or an artifact of poor testing methodologies. Celsius's scale was inverted compared to today, the boiling point at 0 °C and freezing point at 100 °C. There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. This is a dark, sticky and honey-coloured substance that’s much less common than other types. The major active principle in all cannabis products is Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC or simply THC), also known by its International Non-Proprietary Name (INN) as dronabinol. Articles wanted Stored THC is released very slowly, and unevenly, back into the bloodstream.


Entheogenic use of cannabis guest post-

A newer proposed classification follows Leliaert et al. Guest author There are many scientists who are trying hard to help patients by investigating and testing all the interesting chemicals in the cannabis plant that could maybe work as medicines, so that as many people as possible can benefit in future. The music of the times records the vitality of the anti War movement, our disdain and rejection of the military industrial complex and the corrupt Nationalism it rode in on, fake patriotism. The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. As of 17 October 2018 when recreational use of cannabis was legalized in Canada, dietary supplements for human use and veterinary health products containing not more than 10 parts per million of THC extract were approved for marketing; Nabiximols (as Sativex) is used as a prescription drug in Canada. This is used to relieve the pain of muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis. 2011; Fairman and Anthony, 2012]. As a result of intensive selection in cultivation, Cannabis exhibits many sexual phenotypes that can be described in terms of the ratio of female to male flowers occurring in the individual, or typical in the cultivar. Schultes and coworkers also conducted taxonomic studies of Cannabis in the 1970s, and concluded that stable morphological differences exist that support recognition of at least three species, C. Groups eye IPOs after financial regulator sets out rules for sector. [81] The added drugs are meant to enhance the psychoactive properties, add to its weight, and increase profitability, despite the increased danger of overdose. Our group also assessed whether pretreatment with CBD could prevent the acute psychotic symptoms induced by d-9-THC when six healthy volunteers were administered d-9-THC intravenously on two occasions, after placebo or CBD pretreatment [Bhattacharyya et al. Rothman showed Linnaeus that botany was a serious subject. 18 oz) for personal use is decriminalized, however: the police may still confiscate it, which often happens in car checks near the border. Hemiepiphytes like the strangler fig begin as epiphytes but eventually set their own roots and overpower and kill their host. Guest article Plants are continuously exposed to a range of biotic and abiotic stresses. [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established. Guest author Plants are often the dominant physical and structural component of habitats where they occur. Even people who have enjoyed using cannabis before can unexpectedly find that it gives them bad rather than good feelings. People who are addicted to alcohol can become very ill and even die if they are unable to drink it. There is concern that cannabis may contribute to cardiovascular disease,[105] but as of 2018, evidence of this relationship was unclear. By the middle of the Devonian Period most of the features recognised in plants today are present, including roots, leaves and secondary wood, and by late Devonian times seeds had evolved. Most of the illicit drug emergency room visits involved multiple drugs. Guest post opportunities Furthermore those who are at ultra high risk for psychosis have been reported to be more sensitive to the psychotogenic effects of cannabis compared with users in the general population [Peters et al. Case for legalising marijuana is not as straightforward as its advocates say. Cookies policy | Privacy policy | Terms and conditions | Contact us | Links. These groups also differ from green plants in that the storage polysaccharide is floridean starch and is stored in the cytoplasm rather than in the plastids. Submit blog post Unlike drugs such as alcohol, paracetamol, heroin or ecstasy, users do not die after accidentally taking too much. In northeastern Asia, shamanism was widespread from Neolithic down to recent times. "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. The chloroplasts of green plants are surrounded by two membranes, suggesting they originated directly from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria. 3-D, how much you may pay with insurance, where to find low-cost or free mammograms, and more. , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. If Russo’s theory is correct, then it makes sense that cannabinoids found in cannabis, like THC or CBD, could be a helpful remedy, as they are directly or indirectly stimulating the endocannabinoid system. Schultes and coworkers also conducted taxonomic studies of Cannabis in the 1970s, and concluded that stable morphological differences exist that support recognition of at least three species, C. It is not clear whether cannabis use affects the rate of suicide. An analysis by Drug Science which added up and compared the harm caused by 20 different drugs in the UK placed cannabis roughly in the middle; it causes more harm to society than several other illegal drugs (mostly because there are many more users) but less harm to its users than the legal drugs tobacco and alcohol, both of which have a higher potential to cause serious illness and death. This renders the risk of accidental overdose a practical impossibility, unless purified THC is involved. [7] Cannabis, as an incense, was used in the temples of Assyria and Babylon because "its aroma was pleasing to the Gods. Symptoms of depression and anxiety commonly coexist with cannabis use and lead to diagnostic dilemmas [Nunes et al. [16][17][18][19][20][21][22] Those which have been called "plants" are in bold (some minor groups have been omitted). Two years after Tärnström's expedition, Finnish-born Pehr Kalm set out as the second apostle to North America. Sponsored post by Got a confidential news tip? We want to hear from you. Submitting a guest post During the last decade, endocannabinoid research has been one of the fastest growing fields in psychopharmacology, opening ways to discover new medicines for a wide variety of health problems, ranging from metabolic disorders, to glaucoma and schizophrenia. [54] The account covered 534 species, used the Linnaean classification system and included, for the described species, geographical distribution and taxonomic notes. The word cannabis is from Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis) (see Latin cannabis),[138] which was originally Scythian or Thracian. Guest post opportunities [24][25][26] Many populations have been described as sexually labile. [72][73][23] Cannabis impairs a person's driving ability, and THC was the illicit drug most frequently found in the blood of drivers who have been involved in vehicle crashes. Guest contributor guidelines From least to most inclusive, these four groupings are:. Guest posters wanted A lot of people ask whether cannabis is best for preventing an attack or providing relief. Writers wanted Have problems concentrating and learning new information. [230] The California Supreme Court decided in May 2013 that local governments can ban medical marijuana dispensaries despite a state law in California that permits the use of cannabis for medical purposes. The legal status of medical and recreational cannabis varies among states. Forty-four percent of American 12th graders have tried the drug at least once, and the typical age of first-use is 16, similar to the typical age of first-use for alcohol but lower than the first-use age for other illicit drugs. wrote in the Ming-I Pieh Lu that:. [23] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. Guest blogger Project Twenty21 - March Update. Suggest a post The largest of these families are Rosaceae (90/2500) and Urticaceae (54/2600). Submit an article The mechanism of action for CBD is not yet clear, as this compound does not bind to CB1Rs or CB2Rs [Tsou et al. [236] Usage within the Hindu and Buddhist cultures of the Indian subcontinent is common, with many street vendors in India openly selling products infused with cannabis, and traditional medical practitioners in Sri Lanka selling products infused with cannabis for recreational purposes and well as for religious celebrations. Guest blogger The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. The authors also found that in herbal or resin forms of the drug, the average CBD content exceeded that of THC. Smoking or inhaling: A sense of elation can start within minutes and peak after 10–30 minutes. [288] This causes confounding factors, where questions arise as to whether the tobacco, the cannabis, or both that have caused a cancer. Long term effects of heavy use can include:. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. cannabis f (genitive cannabis); third declension. Cannabis use is associated with increased recruitment of task-related areas, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is thought to reflect compensatory activity due to reduced processing efficiency. Guest column Cannabis oil is a dark viscous liquid. Smoking has been the means of administration of cannabis for many users, but it is not suitable for the use of cannabis as a medicine. Eating cannabis may result in a large dose being taken in one go, making it difficult to avoid unpleasant reactions. Later pharmacopia repeated this description, for instance the (ca. Linnaeus was born in Råshult, the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. Land plants are key components of the water cycle and several other biogeochemical cycles. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). 9% in more recent years, significantly higher than recorded 10 years previously [Potter et al. Guest blogger guidelines Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message: "Tell him I know no greater man on earth. Currently, Uruguay and Canada are the only countries that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. Indeed, Morgan and colleagues carried out a study on 120 current users, which included 66 daily and 54 recreational users, whose hair analyses revealed their THC and CBD amounts. Submit article [11] Cannabis remains illegal at the federal level under the Controlled Substances Act, which classifies it as a Schedule I drug with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use. Most people who have a psychotic episode triggered by cannabis (or anything else) recover well over the next few days with treatment. Guest-post This can cause inflammation, coughing and wheezing (bronchitis, which goes away when a user quits). Guest posts These binomials could serve as a label to refer to the species. Guest posting rules The most rapid growth in cannabis abuse since the 1960s has been in developed countries in North America, Western Europe and Australia. Suggest a post Topical: Transdermal patches allow the ingredients to enter the body over a prolonged period. [43] A 2013 review estimates daily use is associated with a 10-20% rate of dependence. All foreigners in Japan were forced to stay on the island of Dejima outside Nagasaki, so it was thus hard for Thunberg to study the flora. Ruderalis is the informal name for the short plants that grow wild in Europe and Central Asia. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. The drug use must be "implicated" in the emergency department visit, but does not need to be the direct cause of the visit. Submit your content In some respects, the effects are similar to those caused by alcohol. Cannabis can deliver the positive effects its users hope for, but it doesn’t always do so, and it can cause harm too. As for how CBD (without THC) could treat migraines, there aren’t any clinical trials. Write for us Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. Regular users might consume one-eighth of an ounce per week. At an epidemiological level, a dose–response relationship exists between cannabis use and increased risk of psychosis[28][123][124][125] and earlier onset of psychosis. Guest poster wanted [198] The plant was used in China before 2800 BC, and found therapeutic use in India by 1000 BC, where it was used in food and drink, including bhang. Forty-four percent of American 12th graders have tried the drug at least once, and the typical age of first-use is 16, similar to the typical age of first-use for alcohol but lower than the first-use age for other illicit drugs. A person addicted to cannabis can become irritable and anxious if they try to go without it, lose their appetite, and feel unable to relax and sleep. Cannabis oil is a dark viscous liquid. Want to contribute to our website Using less is the simplest and most effective way to avoid harm. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. The laws around cannabis also vary from country to country. His plan was to divide the plants by the number of stamens and pistils. Inhaled and vaporized THC have similar absorption profiles to smoked THC, with a bioavailability ranging from 10 to 35%. Guest post policy Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Someone driving under the influence of marijuana is considered impaired in both Colorado and Washington when five nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) of blood or more of active THC is detected. Guest-post Using cannabis when pregnant could have effects on the foetus. The photosynthesis conducted by land plants and algae is the ultimate source of energy and organic material in nearly all ecosystems. Guest author These may be summarized as follows:. Become a contributor More research is needed on the basic neuropharmacology of THC and other cannabinoids so that better therapeutic agents can be found. [23] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. And on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is now legal and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors in the UK from 1 November 2018. Become a contributor A purported reason was the appearance of high potency cannabis. A 2007 meta analysis concluded that cannabis use reduced the average age of onset of psychosis by 2. [30] Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production, where the fruits (produced by female flowers) are used. Guest post- In 1785, noted evolutionary biologist Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck published a description of a second species of Cannabis, which he named Cannabis indica Lam. Penalties for illegal recreational use ranges from confiscation or small fines to jail time and even death. Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. Accordingly, possession of 30 grams (1. Ancient language names for cannabis originating before the 5th century (400 CE) include:. Despite its significance in the endocannabinoid system, little is known about the cannabinoid transporters. Guest blogger Poorer school performance and increased incidence of leaving school early were both associated with cannabis use, although a causal relationship was not established. sativa was presumably selected for traits that enhance fiber or seed production, whereas C. [113] Near the head and foot of the shaman was a large leather basket and wooden bowl filled with 789g of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. The order Rosales is strongly supported as monophyletic in phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences, such as those carried out by members of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Commercial cannabis growers and retailers have given individual strains more than 2,300 names,[54] including:. Contributor guidelines [69] At rates of cooling of a few degrees Celsius per hour, segregation of ice occurs in intercellular spaces. [156] The American Cancer Society[157] and American Psychological Association[158] have noted the obstacles that exist for conducting research on cannabis, and have called on the federal government to better enable scientific study of the drug. Want to contribute to our website 440 BCE) Greek Histories of Herodotus record the early Scythians using cannabis steam baths. Carl von Linné's son (Carl Linnaeus) inherited the collections in 1778 and retained them until his own death in 1783. These tests cannot, however, distinguish authorized cannabis smoking for medical purposes from unauthorized recreational smoking. Submit guest post Anandamide has been identified as the endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid receptor and has pharmacological properties similar to those of THC. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". In the middle Sahara region, the Senusi sect also cultivated hemp on a large scale for use in religious ceremonies. If arteritis turns out to be a distinct clinical entity, it might be the consequence of vasoconstrictor activity observed from delta-8-THC and delta-9-THC. [135] Prior to December 2020 it was also included in Schedule IV, a subset of Schedule I, which is for only the most dangerous drugs such as heroin and fentanyl. [24][23] There is a strong relation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis,[28][29] though the direction of causality is debated. Submit a guest post Cannabis can deliver the positive effects its users hope for, but it doesn’t always do so, and it can cause harm too. Guest posters wanted The Assyrians, Egyptians, and Hebrews, among other Semitic cultures of the Middle East, mostly acquired cannabis from Aryan cultures and have burned it as an incense as early as 1000 BC.


Entheogenic use of cannabis sponsored post by

Guest posts wanted [233] On 19 June 2018, the Canadian Senate passed a bill and the Prime Minister announced the effective legalization date as 17 October 2018. ’ Cannabis resin is defined as: ‘The separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from the cannabis plant. Guest posts "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. Guest-post [274] Other findings indicate that hard drug users are likely to be poly-drug users, and that interventions must address the use of multiple drugs instead of a single hard drug. [4][31][conflicted source?] A 2012 review found no problems with tolerance, abuse, or addiction. Common or street names: Bud, ganja, grass, hashish, hemp, Indian hemp, marijuana, pot, reefer, weed. Moreover, avoiding the chemicals that result from burning is likely to be a good move. Contributor guidelines Cannabaceae is of the rose order (Rosales). THC Ministry, which is the abbreviated and popularized name for the original Hawai'i Ministry of Cannabis Sacrament and all of its chapters, was founded in June 2000 by Roger Christie in Hawaii. What can you expect if you buy your next pair of sunnies or eyeglasses from Roka Eyewear? Let's review. The rate goes up to one in six among those who begin use as adolescents, and one-quarter to one-half of those who use it daily according to a NIDA review. Guest post courtesy of In modern vascular plants, the sporophyte is typically large, branched, nutritionally independent and long-lived, but there is increasing evidence that Paleozoic gametophytes were just as complex as the sporophytes. In Article 1, Paragraph 1, of that Convention, cannabis is defined as: ‘The flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops) from which the resin has not been extracted, by whatever name they may be designated. These statistics include visits in which the patient was treated for a condition induced by or related to recent cannabis use. Guest post guidelines Smoking – Probably the most common way to use herbal cannabis is to roll it up in a cigarette (joint or spliff) and smoke it. In rescheduling, the UN recognises that cannabis carries fewer risks than other Schedule IV drugs such as heroin. Interestingly, both CB1 and CB2Rs are also found in human placenta and have been shown to play a role in regulating serotonin transporter activity [Kenney et al. However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. [23] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. CEO John Lucas told CNBC on Friday the company plans to use the proceeds of its IPO to develop four new drugs. [62] A 2004 literature review on the subject concluded that cannabis use is associated with a two-fold increase in the risk of psychosis, but that cannabis use is "neither necessary nor sufficient" to cause psychosis. Guest post Rothman showed Linnaeus that botany was a serious subject. Guest post: World’s largest marijuana retailer says relaxed attitudes are ‘taking hold’ across continent. But it’s not a cure, and it’s not for everyone. Trema (including Parasponia). Cannabis is a drug derived from a bushy plant found wild in most parts of the world and easily cultivated in Britain. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. If an individual is caught three times in possession of cannabis they may be arrested. Guest posts wanted In northeastern Asia, shamanism was widespread from Neolithic down to recent times. Guest post- [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. Cannabis is used by necromancers, in combination with ginseng to set forward time in order to reveal future events. 440 BCE) Greek Histories of Herodotus record the early Scythians using cannabis steam baths. Guest blogger guidelines Particularly over the past 15 years, such variants of the plant have been more widely available on the street ‘market’, which are usually referred to as ‘skunk’ or ‘sinsemilla’. Submit post Toxalbumins are plant poisons fatal to most mammals and act as a serious deterrent to consumption. Guest post opportunities In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. [236] Usage within the Hindu and Buddhist cultures of the Indian subcontinent is common, with many street vendors in India openly selling products infused with cannabis, and traditional medical practitioners in Sri Lanka selling products infused with cannabis for recreational purposes and well as for religious celebrations. We rely on donations to continue to promote evidence-based information about drugs without political or commercial interference. Sign up for free newsletters and get more CNBC delivered to your inbox. This is based on the discovery of a basin containing cannabis in a shrine of the second millennium BC in Turkmenistan. 8 times for the 60 minutes after consumption. [70][71][72][73] For Schultes, this was a reversal of his previous interpretation that Cannabis is monotypic, with only a single species. Further evidence comes from a systematic review of longitudinal and population-based studies which show that cannabis use significantly increases the risk of development of a psychotic illness in a dose-dependent manner [Moore et al. Guest-post Effects of cannabis (marijuana) include:. "We would strongly encourage anyone with any information or concerns about individuals or criminal groups illegally extracting electricity or interfering with the power network to contact Crimestoppers anonymously. Dehydration, electrolyte disturbance, and acute kidney failure can occur. Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. Its mission includes "liberating the Cannabis plant and the minds of those who do and of those who do not revere it," and is actively involved in the legal and social discussions surrounding cannabis use in society. Acute effects may include anxiety and panic, impaired attention and memory, an increased risk of psychotic symptoms,[b] the inability to think clearly, and an increased risk of accidents. After that it gradually diminished in importance, but the practice persisted in scattered localities and among certain peoples. While the UK has a long history of importing cannabis resin, particularly from North Africa, the home grown market expanded significantly over the course of the 2000’s. Sponsored post How badly cannabis affects the lungs depends, of course, on how much someone uses it. Allegra Allergy and Claritin are over-the-counter allergy medications. In December 2014, however, the Rohrabacher–Farr amendment was signed into law, prohibiting the Justice Department from prosecuting individuals acting in accordance with state medical cannabis laws. Guest post: Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. Submit post Cannabis is a generic term used to denote the several psychoactive preparations of the plant Cannabis sativa. Within the order Rosales is the family Rosaceae, which includes numerous species that are cultivated for their fruit, making this one of the most economically important families of plants. His mother had disapproved of his failing to become a priest, but she was pleased to learn he was teaching at the University. Marijuana or marihuana (herbal cannabis)[20] consists of the dried flowers and fruits and subtending leaves and stems of the female Cannabis plant. Some people use cannabis out of habit or because they find it difficult to resist. The results can be quite dramatic, including anxiety attacks. [256] In 2001, Nevada reduced marijuana possession to a misdemeanor and since 2012, several other states have decriminalized and even legalized marijuana. [86] It is recommended that cannabis use be stopped before and during pregnancy as it can result in negative outcomes for both the mother and baby. Contributing writer One problem with using unregulated or recreational drugs is that people cannot know exactly what they contain or how strong the effect will be. Hemp is an English name for the cannabis plant. Overall research into the health effects of medical cannabis has been of low quality and it is not clear whether it is a useful treatment for any condition, or whether harms outweight any benefit. We rely on donations to continue to promote evidence-based information about drugs without political or commercial interference. Guest author Even more popular than the lectures were the botanical excursions made every Saturday during summer, where Linnaeus and his students explored the flora and fauna in the vicinity of Uppsala. [74] In particular, single- and double-strand breaks in DNA can be repaired. In Uruguay, President Jose Mujica signed legislation to legalize recreational cannabis in December 2013, making Uruguay the first country in the modern era to legalize cannabis. However, it is also known that not everyone who uses cannabis is affected adversely in the same way. Submit content 100 CE) Chinese pharmacopeia Shennong Ben Cao Jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica) described the use of mafen 麻蕡 "cannabis fruit/seeds":. [233] On 19 June 2018, the Canadian Senate passed a bill and the Prime Minister announced the effective legalization date as 17 October 2018. Guest poster wanted In Systema Naturae, the unwieldy names mostly used at the time, such as "Physalis annua ramosissima, ramis angulosis glabris, foliis dentato-serratis", were supplemented with concise and now familiar "binomials", composed of the generic name, followed by a specific epithet—in the case given, Physalis angulata. Guest-post Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Whatever the drug is, never leave someone alone who is vomiting and intoxicated, as there is a risk of choking. In ancient Germanic paganism, cannabis was possibly associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya. In the middle Sahara region, the Senusi sect also cultivated hemp on a large scale for use in religious ceremonies. The American Heart Association says that "many of the concerning health implications of cannabis include cardiovascular diseases" but that it supports rescheduling to allow "more nuanced. They developed a number of adaptations that allowed them to spread into increasingly more arid places, notably the vascular tissues xylem and phloem, that transport water and food throughout the organism. Submit an article In general there are far lower risks of pulmonary complications for regular cannabis smokers when compared with those of tobacco. [16] There is no consistent evidence that it helps with chronic pain and muscle spasms. de Meijer and coworkers described some of their RAPD studies as showing an "extremely high" degree of genetic polymorphism between and within populations, suggesting a high degree of potential variation for selection, even in heavily selected hemp cultivars. [134] To most of the apostles he gave instructions of what to look for on their journeys. Guest posters wanted In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. By the time he started work on the 12th edition, Linnaeus needed a new invention—the index card—to track classifications. [63] A French review from 2009 came to a conclusion that cannabis use, particularly that before age 15, was a factor in the development of schizophrenic disorders. Suggest a post In early editions of Systema Naturae, many well-known legendary creatures were included such as the phoenix, dragon, manticore, and satyrus,[180][note 10] which Linnaeus collected into the catch-all category Paradoxa. Want to write for The physical effects of inhaling and smoking cannabis can impact on the respiratory system, leading to oral, throat, and lung cancer. By some classifications, the genus Cannabis comprises a single species, hemp (Cannabis sativa), a stout, aromatic, erect annual herb that originated in Central Asia and is now cultivated worldwide. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. Last medically reviewed on July 23, 2020. A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. In December 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize growing, sale and use of cannabis. In early editions of Systema Naturae, many well-known legendary creatures were included such as the phoenix, dragon, manticore, and satyrus,[180][note 10] which Linnaeus collected into the catch-all category Paradoxa. Guest posting rules In Systema Naturae, the unwieldy names mostly used at the time, such as "Physalis annua ramosissima, ramis angulosis glabris, foliis dentato-serratis", were supplemented with concise and now familiar "binomials", composed of the generic name, followed by a specific epithet—in the case given, Physalis angulata. Accordingly, possession of 30 grams (1. He was also curious about the customs of the native Sami people, reindeer-herding nomads who wandered Scandinavia's vast tundras. Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names,[a] is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used primarily for medical and recreational purposes. These tests cannot, however, distinguish authorized cannabis smoking for medical purposes from unauthorized recreational smoking. [18] It is unclear whether American states might be able to mitigate the adverse effects of the opioid epidemic by prescribing medical cannabis as an alternative pain management drug. Suggest a post 1100 CE) Zhenglei bencao 證類本草 ("Classified Materia Medica"):. Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil[9] which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. Contributor guidelines The Duquenois–Levine test is commonly used as a screening test in the field, but it cannot definitively confirm the presence of cannabis, as a large range of substances have been shown to give false positives. Molecular data from 1990s onwards showed that these families were actually embedded within the order Rosales, so that from the first classification by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group in 1998, they were placed in an expanded Rosales, forming a group which has been called "urticalean rosids". Submitting a guest post The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda estimated to have been written sometime around 2000–1400 BCE,[6] which mentions cannabis as one of the "five sacred plants. [4] It is mentioned in the original Hebrew Old Testament and in its Aramaic translations as both incense and as intoxicant. Researchers confirmed that THC exerts its most prominent effects via its actions on two types of cannabinoid receptors, the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor, both of which are G protein-coupled receptors. I dedicated all my free time to researching this topic and learning from doctors and fellow patients. [179] Nabiximols is a branded product name from a tincture manufacturing pharmaceutical company.


Entheogenic use of cannabis guest contributor guidelines

In October that same year, his wife and nine-month-old son followed him to live in Uppsala. After such criticism, Linnaeus felt he needed to explain himself more clearly. While cannabis plants have been grown since at least the 3rd millennium BCE,[36] evidence suggests that it was being smoked for psychoactive effects at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains;[37] the earliest evidence found at a cemetery in what is today western China close to the tripoint with Tajikistan and Afghanistan. It’s a good reason to smoke at a slow pace, to get a feel for the strength of the cannabis. [8][9] Others oppose its legalization, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics. This produces a stronger more potent form of the drug which is sometimes referred to as Skunk. It varies in color from black to golden brown depending upon purity and variety of cultivar it was obtained from. Extremely rarely, getting intoxicated on cannabis can trigger a mental health crisis such as a ‘psychotic episode’, which carries on even after the person should have sobered up. Guest post: [205] Examples of classic literature of the period featuring cannabis include Les paradis artificiels (1860) by Charles Baudelaire and The Hasheesh Eater (1857) by Fitz Hugh Ludlow. In April 1735, at the suggestion of Sohlberg's father, Linnaeus and Sohlberg set out for the Dutch Republic, where Linnaeus intended to study medicine at the University of Harderwijk[61] while tutoring Sohlberg in exchange for an annual salary. Submit an article Add this topic to your myFT Digest for news straight to your inbox. Articles wanted Cannabis smoke contains thousands of organic and inorganic chemical compounds. [102] In 1850 cannabis was entered into the United States Pharmacopeia. The major cannabinoid acids of raw cannabis are THCA, CBGA, CBDA, CBCA, CBGVA, THCVA, CBDVA, CBCVA. The clinical picture of transient psychosis can be indistinguishable from a frank acute psychosis with delusions and hallucinations, except for its short duration. Guest post- [50] The immediate desired effects from consuming cannabis include relaxation and euphoria (the "high" or "stoned" feeling), a general alteration of conscious perception, increased awareness of sensation, increased libido[25] and distortions in the perception of time and space. It states that some individuals are, for various reasons, willing to try multiple recreational substances. Cannabis oil – Rarely seen, cannabis oil is a sticky, thick yellowy/brown liquid. Sponsored post by Two years after Tärnström's expedition, Finnish-born Pehr Kalm set out as the second apostle to North America. The dry material was transferred to Uppsala. [91] The ancient Egyptians used hemp (cannabis) in suppositories for relieving the pain of hemorrhoids. This post was written by After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo sporophyte develops inside the ovule. [91] Those that are less effective competitors are less likely to contribute to the next generation of offspring. Yes, any time you mix drugs together you take on new risks. Submit guest article , and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities. Contribute to our site In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. Writers wanted [146] Researchers at John Jay College of Criminal Justice reported that dietary zinc supplements can mask the presence of THC and other drugs in urine. Contribute to this site Not nearly as common as it used to be, hash (or hashish) is made from the resin of the cannabis plant and can be black, brown, soft or hard – depending on the type. The latter of these pigments is not found in red or brown algae. [32] In the United States, cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, has been approved for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. The four major compounds are d-9-THC, CBD, d-8-THC and cannabinol, which have been most researched [Pertwee, 1997, 2008; Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012]. Due to substantial metabolism of THC and CBD, their metabolites are excreted mostly via feces, rather than by urine. [224] In Copenhagen, Denmark in 2014, mayor Frank Jensen discussed possibilities for the city to legalize cannabis production and commerce. [109] Other countries have more restrictive laws that allow only the use of isolated cannabinoid drugs such as Sativex or Epidiolex. Guest posting The latex of some species of fig trees contain the enzyme ficin which is effective in killing roundworms that infect the intestinal tracts of animals. From least to most inclusive, these four groupings are:. [38] Compared to non-smokers, people who smoked cannabis regularly in adolescence exhibit reduced connectivity in specific brain regions associated with memory, learning, alertness, and executive function. Someone with psychosis may experience paranoia (e. Looking for guest posts The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. His relations with Nils Rosén having worsened, Linnaeus accepted an invitation from Claes Sohlberg, son of a mining inspector, to spend the Christmas holiday in Falun, where Linnaeus was permitted to visit the mines. His siblings were Anna Maria Linnæa, Sofia Juliana Linnæa, Samuel Linnæus (who would eventually succeed their father as rector of Stenbrohult and write a manual on beekeeping),[10][11][12] and Emerentia Linnæa. The wood from the black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet cherry (P. Medical Cannabis improves Quality of Life by over 50% - Preliminary Results from Project Twenty21. [170] The conflict between world views that was caused by asserting man was a type of animal would simmer for a century until the much greater, and still ongoing, creation–evolution controversy began in earnest with the publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. But it can also make people feel lethargic, unmotivated and some people become paranoid, confused and anxious. THC Ministry, which is the abbreviated and popularized name for the original Hawai'i Ministry of Cannabis Sacrament and all of its chapters, was founded in June 2000 by Roger Christie in Hawaii. In temperate and boreal climates, they generally lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. Currently, Uruguay and Canada are the only countries that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. He taught Linnaeus to classify plants according to Tournefort's system. state to legalize medical cannabis in defiance of federal law.  'seed'), as the ovules and subsequent seeds are not enclosed in a protective structure (carpels or fruit), but are borne naked, typically on cone scales. Guest posting Cannabis oil (hash oil) is often produced locally from cannabis or cannabis resin by means of solvent extraction. Become a contributor Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of CBD, which gives lesser psychoactive effects. [147] However, a 2013 study conducted by researchers at the University of Utah School of Medicine refute the possibility of self-administered zinc producing false-negative urine drug tests. While they inhabit a multitude of biomes and ecoregions, few can be found beyond the tundras at the northernmost regions of continental shelves. When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. Become a guest blogger Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Guest posters wanted Topical: Transdermal patches allow the ingredients to enter the body over a prolonged period. [42] For more than a century it has been assumed that the ancestors of land plants evolved in aquatic environments and then adapted to a life on land, an idea usually credited to botanist Frederick Orpen Bower in his 1908 book The Origin of a Land Flora. Submit content [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). Guest author Following the high profile case of 12 year old, Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy that has been relieved by the use of cannabis oil, the Government have announced (as of June 2018) the granting of licenses for medical use and a review of the scheduling of cannabis. Some researchers think Chinese associations of cannabis with "indigenous central Asian shamanistic practices" can explain this "peculiar silence". [7] Some American medical organizations have requested removal of cannabis from the list of Schedule I controlled substances maintained by the United States federal government, followed by regulatory and scientific review. [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. Hopes for further liberalisation in the US and beyond spur flurry of dealmaking. [183] Butane and supercritical carbon dioxide hash oil have become popular in recent years. (A portion of Hartekamp was declared as public garden in April 1956 by the Heemstede local authority, and was named "Linnaeushof". Fossil forests of petrified wood have been found in all continents. It characteristically produces, in a dose-dependent manner, hypoactivity, hypothermia, spatial and verbal short-term memory impairment [Hayakawa et al. Guest posting guidelines For example, selected varieties or genotypes of wheat grow rapidly, maturing within 110 days, whereas others, in the same environmental conditions, grow more slowly and mature within 155 days. Guest-blogger This is based on improved seed varieties and procedures such as artificial heating and lighting, hydroponic cultivation in nutrient solutions and propagation of cuttings of female plants. Guest posters wanted Cannabis has held sacred status in several religions and has served as an entheogen – a chemical substance used in religious, shamanic, or spiritual contexts[59] – in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period dating back to approximately 1500 BCE, but perhaps as far back as 2000 BCE. There is moderate evidence that it can help with sleep problems relating to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and MS. wrote in the Ming-I Pieh Lu that:. Guest post opportunities [144] By the time it reached its 10th edition in 1758, it classified 4,400 species of animals and 7,700 species of plants. Rosales is an order of flowering plants. There is moderate evidence that it can help with sleep problems relating to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and MS. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. Linnaeus was familiar with European hemp, which was widely cultivated at the time. Submit an article A clinical trial investigated cannabis for both prevention and relief. Submit article He stayed in South Africa for three years, then travelled to Japan. Blog for us Cannabis is used for a wide variety of purposes. Want to write an article Apart from schizotypal personality, the vulnerability factors to the psychotogenic effects of cannabis require replication. United Nations (2006), Multilingual Dictionary of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances under International Control, United Nations, New York. Submit blog post [145] Urine contains predominantly THC-COOH, while hair, oral fluid and sweat contain primarily THC. [48] Common side effects include dizziness, feeling tired and vomiting. US group snaps up UK maker of marijuana-based epilepsy drug as sector interest grows. Contribute to this site Some of the sport's biggest names on why they love it and how they 'found it'. These may be summarized as follows:. Cannabis has been associated with bronchitis, and it may be a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Following the high profile case of 12 year old, Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy that has been relieved by the use of cannabis oil, the Government have announced (as of June 2018) the granting of licenses for medical use and a review of the scheduling of cannabis. Submit post Most people use a vapouriser which heats the cannabis, rather than burning it. Guest-blogger Cannabis smokers sometimes do some unnecessary things involving breath-holding, either as part of smoking games or in the mistaken belief that holding in the smoke will get them higher, faster. Kloxxado (naloxone hydrochloride) nasal spray is an opioid antagonist indicated. [161] Nabilone, a synthetic cannabinoid, is also Schedule II, indicating high potential for side effects and addiction. This is important as the strong THC variants of cannabis use have been increasing steeply, as have concerns on cannabis-related health risks, particularly for young people [Hall and Degenhardt, 2007; Potter et al. For more information on drug interactions with marijuana, please visit the Drugs. Blog for us The table below shows some species count estimates of different green plant (Viridiplantae) divisions. Sponsored post Political parties, non-profit organizations, and causes based on the legalization of medical cannabis and/or legalizing the plant entirely (with some restrictions) have emerged in such countries as China and Thailand. Medicine men were practicing magicians. It is a complex plant with about 426 chemical entities, of which more than 60 are cannabinoid compounds [Dewey, 1986]. The rose, considered a symbol of love in many cultures, is featured prominently in poetry and literature. Guest post: Due to its higher THC content, C. These fossils resemble calcified multicellular members of the Dasycladales. Submit your content The sinologist and historian Joseph Needham concluded "the hallucinogenic properties of hemp were common knowledge in Chinese medical and Taoist circles for two millennia or more",[8] and other scholars associated Chinese wu (shamans) with the entheogenic use of cannabis in Central Asian shamanism. The latest major group of plants to evolve were the grasses, which became important in the mid Tertiary, from around 40 million years ago. There’s more information on this in the section Will cannabis make me lose control of my mind?.


Cannabis drug profile sponsored post by

Submit guest article 440 BCE) Histories records, "The Scythians, as I said, take some of this hemp-seed [presumably, flowers], and, creeping under the felt coverings, throw it upon the red-hot stones; immediately it smokes, and gives out such a vapour as no Greek vapour-bath can exceed; the Scyths, delighted, shout for joy. Guest post courtesy of A Taoist priest in the fifth century A. Cannabis, (genus Cannabis), genus of medicinal, recreational, and fibre plants belonging to the family Cannabaceae. Submit blog post However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. [13] The first pair of leaves usually have a single leaflet, the number gradually increasing up to a maximum of about thirteen leaflets per leaf (usually seven or nine), depending on variety and growing conditions. de Meijer and coworkers described some of their RAPD studies as showing an "extremely high" degree of genetic polymorphism between and within populations, suggesting a high degree of potential variation for selection, even in heavily selected hemp cultivars. Want to write for Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. Glaucophyta (glaucophyte algae). Submit article Officers in North Lincolnshire noticed streets were being excavated then filled in once power had been connected. They also have roots for taking up water and minerals. Sponsored post by At any age, becoming addicted to a drug makes it harder to succeed in many parts of life. In 1969, Robert Whittaker proposed the creation of the kingdom Fungi. Skunk and other forms of strong cannabis contain high levels of THC but very little, or no, CBD. [20] When Linnaeus was seven, Nils decided to hire a tutor for him. [124][125] An anointing oil mentioned in Exodus is, by some translators, said to contain Cannabis. Some users may experience an episode of acute psychosis, which usually abates after six hours, but in rare instances, heavy users may find the symptoms continuing for many days. states legalized cannabis, street prices began to drop. Guest post: In one observational study, patients reported 6 fewer migraine attacks per month with varying daily doses of inhaled and edible cannabis. The provenance of the hydra suggested to Linnaeus that it had been manufactured by monks to represent the Beast of Revelation. Guest poster wanted #8 - Medical Cannabis, Mum and Me. Guest posters wanted There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. [34] According to other researchers, no modern karyotype of Cannabis had been published as of 1996. Guest blogger guidelines In the US, "industrial hemp" is classified by the federal government as cannabis containing no more than 0. Epidiolex is the first FDA-approved treatment in the U. ESPAD Report 2019 (November 2020). Dronabinol (tetrahydrocannabinol) has been available by prescription for more than a decade in the USA. Writers wanted Someone may suddenly look and feel pale, shaky and ill, (sometimes called greening out, or pulling a whitey) they may even vomit or collapse. The study following the largest number of heavy cannabis users reported that IQ declined between ages 7–13 and age 38. as a wild or escaped variety of the high-intoxicant type. Our group also assessed whether pretreatment with CBD could prevent the acute psychotic symptoms induced by d-9-THC when six healthy volunteers were administered d-9-THC intravenously on two occasions, after placebo or CBD pretreatment [Bhattacharyya et al. Guest posts wanted This is one reason why drug driving, like drink driving, is illegal. To avoid this, don’t use tobacco in bongs and spliffs. Guest posters wanted [44][45] The rigorous scientific study of cannabis as a medicine has been hampered by production restrictions and by the fact that it is classified as an illegal drug by many governments. Species Plantarum (or, more fully, Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas) was first published in 1753, as a two-volume work. Hirata in 1924 that an XY sex-determination system is present. [9] In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn. Guest blogger [188] Additionally, Linnaeus created a wastebasket taxon "monstrosus" for "wild and monstrous humans, unknown groups, and more or less abnormal people". Guest author , and ruderal populations in Europe to C. [89] A 2014 review found that while cannabis use may be less harmful than alcohol use, the recommendation to substitute it for problematic drinking was premature without further study. A 2011 review considered cannabis to be generally safe,[29] and it appears safer than opioids in palliative care. Medical Cannabis improves Quality of Life by over 50% - Preliminary Results from Project Twenty21. [134] To most of the apostles he gave instructions of what to look for on their journeys. Sponsored post Laws prohibiting Cannabis in the United States and Canada specifically named products of C. Writers wanted Minerals are also important for plant growth and development, where deficiencies can occur if nutrient needs are not met. Blog for us The biological basis of this variable sensitivity is yet unclear. In 1784 the young medical student James Edward Smith purchased the entire specimen collection, library, manuscripts, and correspondence of Carl Linnaeus from his widow and daughter and transferred the collections to London. One laboratory at the University of British Columbia found that Jamaican Lamb's Bread, claimed to be 100% sativa, was in fact almost 100% indica (the opposite strain). The authors also found that in herbal or resin forms of the drug, the average CBD content exceeded that of THC. "The medical cannabis, the problem with that is that physicians cannot prescribe it, so we want a drug product that we can get into the hands of physicians, into the hands of patients. Guest posts How long a drug can be detected for depends on how much is taken and which testing kit is used. Guest post policy Cannabis use disorder in the DSM-V involves a combination of DSM-IV criteria for cannabis abuse and dependence, plus the addition of craving, without the criterion related to legal troubles. [242] Laws around use vary from province to province including age limits, retail structure, and growing at home. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. [30] Physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy;[24] short-term side effects may also include dry mouth and red eyes. Guest blogger Borrowed from Latin cannabis (“hemp”), from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Almost all consumption of herbal cannabis and resin is of illicit material. Guest post by However, it is also known that not everyone who uses cannabis is affected adversely in the same way. The naming of plants is governed by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants and International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (see cultivated plant taxonomy). Become a guest blogger A doctor can be a good person to ask for advice. Then £53 per monthNew customers onlyCancel anytime during your trial. However, the CBD content was found to be extremely low in more recent times. These varieties were assumed to have sex chromosome composition XX. Become a guest blogger Smoking cannabis carries similar risks to smoking tobacco. The word cannabis is from Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis) (see Latin cannabis),[138] which was originally Scythian or Thracian. Guest posts Some of the sport's biggest names on why they love it and how they 'found it'. Sponsored post: [94][98] After he returned from the journey, the Government decided Linnaeus should take on another expedition to the southernmost province Scania. The acquaintance was a 24-year-old medical student, James Edward Smith, who bought the whole collection: 14,000 plants, 3,198 insects, 1,564 shells, about 3,000 letters and 1,600 books. Publish your guest post Some plants have coevolved with nitrogen fixing bacteria, making plants an important part of the nitrogen cycle. This post was written by Also, using tobacco makes it harder to breathe deeply and freely, cannabis alone seems not to. From the 1990s to 2018, the average THC content in confiscated cannabis rose from 4% to over 15%. Publish your guest post The cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa L. [203] Smoking pipes uncovered in Ethiopia and carbon-dated to around c. Contribute to this site The rate goes up to one in six among those who begin use as adolescents, and one-quarter to one-half of those who use it daily according to a NIDA review. This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Blog for us Architectural designs resembling plants appear in the capitals of Ancient Egyptian columns, which were carved to resemble either the Egyptian white lotus or the papyrus. [101] Many hundreds of medicines are derived from plants, both traditional medicines used in herbalism[102][103] and chemical substances purified from plants or first identified in them, sometimes by ethnobotanical search, and then synthesised for use in modern medicine. So far, most studies have focused on CBD and THC, but scientists are looking into the effects of other cannabinoids, too. [30] Physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy;[24] short-term side effects may also include dry mouth and red eyes. Submit blog post Can cannabis use kill you? Find out here. Per federal law, cannabis is illegal and a schedule 1 substance as noted in the U. Publish your guest post He was then seldom seen not wearing the order's insignia. was the most eminent naturalist of his time, a wide observer, a close thinker; but the atmosphere in which he lived and moved and had his being was saturated with biblical theology, and this permeated all his thinking. Very very occasionally, if someone remains very frightened or paranoid, and does not seem to respond to reassurance, or their behaviour is very alarming, it may be sensible to get help, for example by calling an ambulance. If you’re caught driving under the influence, you may receive a heavy fine, driving ban, or prison sentence. Guest posters wanted In Systema Naturae, the unwieldy names mostly used at the time, such as "Physalis annua ramosissima, ramis angulosis glabris, foliis dentato-serratis", were supplemented with concise and now familiar "binomials", composed of the generic name, followed by a specific epithet—in the case given, Physalis angulata. [118] One review concluded that, although most cognitive faculties were unimpaired by cannabis use, residual deficits occurred in executive functions. Articles wanted Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. Submit blog post Again, these effects are less common in products containing more CBD than THC. Want to write an article [113] Cannabis users demonstrated increased activity in task-related brain regions, consistent with reduced processing efficiency. Guest poster wanted The unpollinated female plants are called hashish. In temperate and boreal climates, they generally lose their leaves during the winter; many tropical plants lose their leaves during the dry season. Guest post opportunities [134] Cannabis is classified as a Schedule I drug under the Single Convention treaty, meaning that medical use is allowed but that it is considered to be an addictive drug with a serious risk of abuse – along with other drugs such as opium and cocaine. thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Submit blog post They also include the bryophytes, of which mosses and liverworts are the most common. Cannabis for industrial uses is valuable in tens of thousands of commercial products, especially as fibre[108] ranging from paper, cordage, construction material and textiles in general, to clothing. Guest blogger It leads to a high production of flowering material (sometimes known as ‘skunk’). In 1969, Robert Whittaker proposed the creation of the kingdom Fungi. After revisions to cannabis scheduling in the UK, the government moved cannabis back from a class C to a class B drug. Evidently there is considerable variation in the effects of cannabis on individuals. If Russo’s theory is correct, then it makes sense that cannabinoids found in cannabis, like THC or CBD, could be a helpful remedy, as they are directly or indirectly stimulating the endocannabinoid system. Attorneys on both sides recruited botanists to provide expert testimony. Become a contributor It also contained information of how to keep a journal on travels and how to maintain a botanical garden. The legal status of medical and recreational cannabis varies among states. If deciding not to use the drug doesn’t seem like a realistic option freely available to you, because you are under pressure from other people or if you are perhaps becoming addicted, recognize that your power to limit the risks you face is being threatened and see what you can do to escape that situation. ruderalis is short, branchless, and grows wild in Central Asia. Each frame surrounded a bronze vessel filled with the remains of hemp seeds and stones, and were presumably left smoking in the grave. A megasporangium enclosed in a protective layer called an integument is known as an ovule. Zynrelef (bupivacaine and meloxicam) is an extended-release, fixed-dose. LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) protein expression is induced by stresses and protects other proteins from aggregation as a result of desiccation and freezing. Linnaeus suggested that children might absorb the personality of their wet nurse through the milk. People who start using cannabis in their teens may also have a higher risk for mental health issues later in life, including schizophrenia.


4 Facts About Cannabis and Migraine That Might Surprise You want to contribute to our website

Cannabis may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment. This produces a stronger more potent form of the drug which is sometimes referred to as Skunk. 440 BCE) Greek Histories of Herodotus record the early Scythians using cannabis steam baths. Cannabis has not been reported to cause fatal overdose in humans, and it would be extremely difficult to consume enough natural cannabis to cause an overdose using traditional methods like smoking it. But when it helped me through the longest, most brutal period of my 10-year journey with chronic migraine, I became a full-on advocate. Rastafarians tend to be among the biggest consumers of modern Cannabis use. Linnaeus, nevertheless, applauded Miller's Gardeners Dictionary,[80] The conservative Scot actually retained in his dictionary a number of pre-Linnaean binomial signifiers discarded by Linnaeus but which have been retained by modern botanists. The question of whether heteromorphic sex chromosomes are indeed present is most conveniently answered if such chromosomes were clearly visible in a karyotype. The hallucinogenic effects of cannabis are mainly due to a compound in cannabis called THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Indeed drug challenge studies with d-9-THC on healthy volunteers have shown a broad range of transient symptoms, behaviours and cognitive deficits ranging from anxiety to psychosis to transient memory disturbance [D’Souza et al. Become a contributor The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. In the Fossil Grove at Victoria Park in Glasgow, Scotland, the stumps of Lepidodendron trees are found in their original growth positions. Plants are often used as memorials, gifts and to mark special occasions such as births, deaths, weddings and holidays. They see the use of cannabis as bringing them closer to God (Jah), allowing the user to penetrate the truth of things more clearly. Others feel it’s more neutral compared with terms like weed or pot, which some people associate with its illegal use. A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. THC Ministry, the International Church of Cannabis, the Church of Holy Smoke, and "far-flung branches of Cantheists" are cited. Suggest a post [50] In 1929, renowned plant explorer Nikolai Vavilov assigned wild or feral populations of Cannabis in Afghanistan to C. Submitting a guest post LONDON — Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies, which enjoys backing from rapper Snoop Dogg and tobacco giant Imperial Brands, launched Friday on the London Stock Exchange. A doctor can be a good person to ask for advice. [23][24] Long-term cannabis use may cause nausea and vomiting, a condition known as cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). Guest post: When heavy users do try to stop they can:. Guest blogger At the end of his lifetime the Linnean collection in Uppsala was considered one of the finest collections of natural history objects in Sweden. Submitting a guest post That is where the spirit of the ganja kicks in, that the more you share the more you get, the seed thing, that is how we rolled, when rolling really was a thing. Getting a criminal record for a cannabis offence can have many bad consequences. Contributing writer Cannabaceae comprises the following genera:[4][5][6]. [131][124] Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of anxiety disorders, although causality has not been established. Guest blogger guidelines [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. Guest article Gilibert in 1770 as La Nourrice marâtre, ou Dissertation sur les suites funestes du nourrisage mercénaire. Even though our knowledge on the role of the endocannabinoid system is still evolving, the available evidence indicates that this system has multiple regulatory roles in neuronal, vascular, metabolic, immune and reproductory systems. [citation needed] In 1842, Irish physician William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, who had studied the drug while working as a medical officer in Bengal with the East India Company, brought a quantity of cannabis with him on his return to Britain, provoking renewed interest in the West. Guest-blogger [38] Regular cannabis use has not been shown to cause significant abnormalities in lung function. Guest post- As for how CBD (without THC) could treat migraines, there aren’t any clinical trials. In some respects, the effects are similar to those caused by alcohol. Contribute to this site In private outdoor gardens, lawn grasses, shade trees, ornamental trees, shrubs, vines, herbaceous perennials and bedding plants are used. Accepting guest posts [26] Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to 60 minutes when cooked and eaten. In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. The high lipid-solubility of cannabinoids results in their persisting in the body for long periods of time. [263] Prices and overall markets have also varied considerably over time. The major cannabinoid acids of raw cannabis are THCA, CBGA, CBDA, CBCA, CBGVA, THCVA, CBDVA, CBCVA. Sponsored post by You become a full supporting member of the THC Ministry the moment you request your Cannabis Sanctuary Kit. Within the order Rosales is the family Rosaceae, which includes numerous species that are cultivated for their fruit, making this one of the most economically important families of plants. [108][109] The fossil fuels coal, petroleum and natural gas are derived from the remains of aquatic organisms including phytoplankton in geological time. Cannabis use has been falling; most people in the UK (more than two out of three) have never tried cannabis, but it’s still the most popular illegal drug. Submit content Secondary psychoactive effects, such as a facility for philosophical thinking, introspection and metacognition have been reported among cases of anxiety and paranoia. Become an author In the medieval Islamic world, Arabic physicians made use of the diuretic, antiemetic, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of Cannabis sativa, and used it extensively as medication from the 8th to 18th centuries. Guest post by THC intoxication is well established to impair cognitive functioning on an acute basis, including effects on the ability to plan, organize, solve problems, make decisions, and control impulses. As the stronger variants have been taking over the street market, there has been a surge of interest in studying the links between cannabis use and mental health problems. Guest poster wanted He then returned to Hartekamp, bringing with him many specimens of rare plants. parthenocarpic) infructescences of female cannabis plants. Rybrevant (amivantamab-vmjw) is a bispecific EGF receptor-directed and MET. The shield in the coat of arms is divided into thirds: red, black and green for the three kingdoms of nature (animal, mineral and vegetable) in Linnaean classification; in the centre is an egg "to denote Nature, which is continued and perpetuated in ovo. Guest post by The major cannabinoid acids of raw cannabis are THCA, CBGA, CBDA, CBCA, CBGVA, THCVA, CBDVA, CBCVA. Guest posts wanted [103] Long-term effects of cannabis are not clear. Submit an article Some plants are parasitic or mycotrophic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize, but still have flowers, fruits, and seeds. [144] By the time it reached its 10th edition in 1758, it classified 4,400 species of animals and 7,700 species of plants. Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compound chemicals found in the cannabis sativa plant and are commonly used for medicinal purposes to treat symptoms such as chronic pain. Guest blogger guidelines Cannabis is a term that’s being increasingly used to refer to weed or marijuana. Articles wanted The low bioavailability is largely attributed to significant first-pass metabolism in the liver and erratic absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compound chemicals found in the cannabis sativa plant and are commonly used for medicinal purposes to treat symptoms such as chronic pain. Guest posting guidelines Linnaeus would later name a genus of tropical tree Dillenia in his honour. For daily users, weed may be detectable for several months after last use. [69] At rates of cooling of a few degrees Celsius per hour, segregation of ice occurs in intercellular spaces. Accepting guest posts With this information, it’s easier to make informed personal decisions about whether it’s worth the risk to use cannabis at all, and if you do use it, to keep those risks as low as you can make them. Also, keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have not approved nonprescription CBD products, which may be inaccurately labeled. The authors concluded that some, but not all, of the deficits associated with cannabis use were reversible. When the flowers of these plants are harvested and dried, you’re left with one of the most common drugs in the world. Become a contributor Space is also extremely important for a growing and developing plant. Guest post courtesy of [93] Short-term use of cannabis is associated with bronchodilation. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families. This work takes a long time, especially as research and medical use of the drug is restricted by the law. Global Business and Financial News, Stock Quotes, and Market Data and Analysis. Contributing writer Very little is known about the health impact of vaping cannabis. [281] The National Institute on Drug Abuse determined that marijuana use is "likely to precede use of other licit and illicit substances" and that "adults who reported marijuana use during the first wave of the survey were more likely than adults who did not use marijuana to develop an alcohol use disorder within 3 years; people who used marijuana and already had an alcohol use disorder at the outset were at greater risk of their alcohol use disorder worsening. This is a guest post by A person addicted to cannabis can become irritable and anxious if they try to go without it, lose their appetite, and feel unable to relax and sleep. Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil[9] which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. [185] The plant material is mixed with the solvent and then pressed and filtered to express the oils of the plant into the solvent. Hashish (also spelled hasheesh, hashisha, or simply hash) is a concentrated resin cake or ball produced from pressed kief, the detached trichomes and fine material that falls off cannabis fruits, flowers and leaves. However, the number of people carrying this allele was small in this study. In 1972, the Dutch government divided drugs into more- and less-dangerous categories, with cannabis being in the lesser category. Contributor guidelines [34] It is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world,[24][34] though it is legal in some jurisdictions, with the highest use among adults (as of 2018[update]) in Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria. Guest blogger Many of the Earth's biomes are named for the type of vegetation because plants are the dominant organisms in those biomes, such as grasslands, taiga and tropical rainforest. To avoid this, don’t use tobacco in bongs and spliffs. Carl von Linné's son (Carl Linnaeus) inherited the collections in 1778 and retained them until his own death in 1783. Fifteen US states and Washington, D. Symptoms tend to peak within the first week after stopping and last up to 2 weeks. In 2018, almost half of the people in the United States had tried marijuana, 16% had used it in the past year, and 11% had used it in the past month. Available evidence indicates that we do not yet have a complete understanding of the varied functions of the endocannabinoid system, which is widely distributed both in the brain and in the peripheral system and most glands and organs in the body. Guest poster wanted [99] As of 2015[update], there is no consensus regarding whether cannabis smoking is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Contributor guidelines Delta-9-THC is metabolized in the liver and turns into 11-OH-THC. It is important to note that the federal government still considers cannabis an illegal drug and the distribution and sale of marijuana is a serious crime. Guest posting [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Mary Queen of Scots beads stolen in castle raid3. Some climbing species, such as kudzu, which do not need to produce thick supportive tissue, may grow up to 12. Usually, if someone becomes panicked, confused, or behaves oddly when intoxicated on cannabis, they will be alright given time, especially if they are reassured and guided to breathe slowly and relax. The other important compound in cannabis is CBD (cannabidiol). Dioecious "Kentucky" hemp was assumed to use an XY mechanism. Submit content [274] Other findings indicate that hard drug users are likely to be poly-drug users, and that interventions must address the use of multiple drugs instead of a single hard drug. Guest posts wanted For some people, this issue should matter more because the risk of cannabis provoking psychosis will be higher for them. The authors of a report on a 2011 survey of medical cannabis users say that critics have suggested that some users "game the system" to obtain medical cannabis ostensibly for treatment of a condition, but then use it for nonmedical purposes – though the truth of this claim is hard to measure. Forty-four percent of American 12th graders have tried the drug at least once, and the typical age of first-use is 16, similar to the typical age of first-use for alcohol but lower than the first-use age for other illicit drugs. How to deal with social injustice via the magic of the capital markets, and Jay-Z. Growth is also determined by environmental factors, such as temperature, available water, available light, carbon dioxide and available nutrients in the soil. For reasons including increased popular support of cannabis use, a trend of cannabis legalization, and the perception of medical usefulness, more scientists are doing medical cannabis research. Guest posting rules Hashish (also spelled hasheesh, hashisha, or simply hash) is a concentrated resin cake or ball produced from pressed kief, the detached trichomes and fine material that falls off cannabis fruits, flowers and leaves. Simple possession can carry long prison terms in some countries, particularly in East Asia, where the sale of cannabis may lead to a sentence of life in prison or even execution. Guest article The major active principle in all cannabis products is Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC or simply THC), also known by its International Non-Proprietary Name (INN) as dronabinol. Contributing writer Soft black resin, furry green leaves and hard brown lumps, cannabis can look very different depending on its type – but it all comes from cannabis plants. Carl's father was the first in his ancestry to adopt a permanent surname. Following the high profile case of 12 year old, Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy that has been relieved by the use of cannabis oil, the Government have announced (as of June 2018) the granting of licenses for medical use and a review of the scheduling of cannabis.


Cannabis industry guest post-

In the summer of 1746, Linnaeus was once again commissioned by the Government to carry out an expedition, this time to the Swedish province of Västergötland. Submit a guest post Cannabis research is challenging since the plant is illegal in most countries. Want to write for This taxonomic interpretation was embraced by Cannabis aficionados who commonly distinguish narrow-leafed "sativa" strains from wide-leafed "indica" strains. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), "the amount of THC present in a cannabis sample is generally used as a measure of cannabis potency. Contributing writer [58] It remains controversial whether sufficient morphological and genetic divergence occurs within the genus as a result of geographical or ecological isolation to justify recognition of more than one species. Suggest a post Cannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. [36] Tolerance to these effects develops over a period of days or weeks. This is a guest post by The psychoactive effects of cannabis are known to have a triphasic nature. [68] When sold under the trade name Sativex as a mouth spray, the prescribed daily dose in Sweden delivers a maximum of 32. Petrified wood is common in some parts of the world, and is most frequently found in arid or desert areas where it is more readily exposed by erosion. [47] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis edibles. indica (although other strains of this mix exist in abundance). Blog for us [237] Indian laws criminalizing cannabis date back to the colonial period. The research supporting CBD use for inflammation and pain is promising. Vascular plants differ from other plants in that nutrients are transported between their different parts through specialized structures, called xylem and phloem. These effects are often minimal in products containing very high levels of CBD, compared with THC. The growth rate of plants is extremely variable. Contribute to this site Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compound chemicals found in the cannabis sativa plant and are commonly used for medicinal purposes to treat symptoms such as chronic pain. Zammit’s group also looked for evidence of an interaction between cannabis use and COMT genotype by restricting the analysis to participants who claimed to have first used cannabis by the same cutoff period as the Caspi group, but failed to find evidence supporting the link. Also, using tobacco makes it harder to breathe deeply and freely, cannabis alone seems not to. " However, the majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other, "harder" substances. Plant cells are typically distinguished by their large water-filled central vacuole, chloroplasts, and rigid cell walls that are made up of cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. [39][27][40] Ainsworth commented on these findings, stating,. [89] Cannabis is one of the 50 "fundamental" herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. The United Nations' World Drug Report stated that cannabis "was the world's most widely produced, trafficked, and consumed drug in the world in 2010", and estimated between 128 million and 238 million users globally in 2015. What are the best glasses for your face shape? Let’s take a peek at these 13 frames. Submit a guest post Tuesday morning's raid followed "weeks of work by the Doncaster West Neighbourhood Policing Team", the force said. Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual use and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. 2011; Fairman and Anthony, 2012]. Guest post- It is hard to work out though whether the cannabis causes these problems or if the cannabis use is a result of them, and individuals are using it to self-medicate. Many more large, long-term studies in humans are needed to fully understand the lasting effects of cannabis use. To take much makes people see demons and throw themselves about like maniacs (多食令人見鬼狂走). Dioecious varieties are also preferred for textile fiber production, whereas monoecious varieties are preferred for pulp and paper production. Write for us [27] At high doses, mental effects can include anxiety, delusions (including ideas of reference), hallucinations, panic, paranoia, and psychosis. Guest posting And, for some people, anything containing cannabis might cause side effects. [17] It has been reported that sex can be reversed in Cannabis using chemical treatment. case-header{background-color:#40E0D0}. Forty-four percent of American 12th graders have tried the drug at least once, and the typical age of first-use is 16, similar to the typical age of first-use for alcohol but lower than the first-use age for other illicit drugs. In Uruguay, President Jose Mujica signed legislation to legalize recreational cannabis in December 2013, making Uruguay the first country in the modern era to legalize cannabis. Contribute to our site Cannabis is a drug that comes from a plant, or a plant which is used as a drug. Guest blogger Several other research groups have reported identification of male-associated markers using RAPD and AFLP. [34] Cannabis is by far the most widely used illicit substance. Guest post by He supported tariffs, levies, export bounties, quotas, embargoes, navigation acts, subsidised investment capital, ceilings on wages, cash grants, state-licensed producer monopolies, and cartels. Although herbal cannabis and industrial hemp derive from the same species and contain the psychoactive component (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. Schultes and coworkers also conducted taxonomic studies of Cannabis in the 1970s, and concluded that stable morphological differences exist that support recognition of at least three species, C. [citation needed] Plants form about 80% of the world biomass at about 450 gigatonnes (4. Guest post by For some people, this issue should matter more because the risk of cannabis provoking psychosis will be higher for them. Contributing writer Each tribesman was required to participate in the cult of Riamba and show his devotion by smoking as frequently as possible. Guest posting rules People from all over the world sent their specimens to Linnaeus to be included. Kief collected from a coffee grinder. Guest blogger [13] The first pair of leaves usually have a single leaflet, the number gradually increasing up to a maximum of about thirteen leaflets per leaf (usually seven or nine), depending on variety and growing conditions. However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. There are many calls to legalise cannabis including from Nick Clegg, our previous Deputy Prime Minister who wanted to see a shift from punishment to treatment. Submit a guest post Despite advanced analytical techniques, much of the cannabis used recreationally is inaccurately classified. The hypothesis has been hotly debated as it is regarded by some as the primary rationale for the United States prohibition on cannabis use. Sponsored post: Cannabis use disorder in the DSM-V involves a combination of DSM-IV criteria for cannabis abuse and dependence, plus the addition of craving, without the criterion related to legal troubles. Become a guest blogger Like some other cannabis concentrates, it contains a much higher concentration of THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids, such as than that of the cannabis infructescences from which it is derived. Contribute to this site The vapour can still make you cough, but there is some research now to show that it can cause less harm. If deciding not to use the drug doesn’t seem like a realistic option freely available to you, because you are under pressure from other people or if you are perhaps becoming addicted, recognize that your power to limit the risks you face is being threatened and see what you can do to escape that situation. Guest post guidelines This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Suggest a post Pogge and Wissman, during their explorations of 1881, visited the Bashilenge, living on the northern borders of the Lundu, between Sankrua and Balua. Professors William Emboden, Loran Anderson, and Harvard botanist Richard E. Snoop Dogg, real name Calvin Broadus Jr. The oldest archeological evidence for the burning of cannabis was found in Romanian kurgans dated 3,500 BC, and scholars suggest that the drug was first used in ritual ceremonies by Proto-Indo-European tribes living in the Pontic-Caspian steppe during the Chalcolithic period, a custom they eventually spread throughout western Eurasia during the Indo-European migrations. This post was written by There is a theory that some people with migraine have a deficiency in the natural endocannabinoids that their bodies produce. Publish your guest post Do not leave prescription THC medications (dronabinol, nabilone), marijuana, hash oil, or cannabis-infused edibles any place where children, pets, or anyone else may unknowingly consume the product. From Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Submit guest post The scientific debate regarding taxonomy has had little effect on the terminology in widespread use among cultivators and users of drug-type Cannabis. If you’ve used cannabis as a one-off, it will show up in a urine test for around 2 to 3 days afterwards. Bhang, black, blast, blow, blunts, Bob Hope, bush, dope, draw, ganga, grass, hash, hashish, hemp, herb, marijuana, pot, puff, Northern Lights, resin, sensi, sensemilla, skunk, smoke, spliff, wacky backy, weed, zero etc. Become a contributor Antisocial personality disorder involves patterns of disregard for the rights of others. [111][110][112] Cannabis use is also associated with downregulation of CB1 receptors. Guest post policy 80 things you may not know about Bob Dylan. Want to write a post Toronto lockdown: A year without indoor dining. Writers wanted Ancient language names for cannabis originating before the 5th century (400 CE) include:. [185][186] In the tenth edition of Systema Naturae he further detailed phenotypical characteristics for each variety, based on the concept of the four temperaments from classical antiquity,[187][dubious – discuss] and changed the description of Asians' skin tone to "luridus" (yellow). [125] He stepped down as rector at Uppsala University in December 1772, mostly due to his declining health. The amount of this help varied; sometimes he used his influence as Rector to grant his apostles a scholarship or a place on an expedition. Several studies have demonstrated the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting in the advanced stages of illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Guest blogger In May 1741, Linnaeus was appointed Professor of Medicine at Uppsala University, first with responsibility for medicine-related matters. 2 of these – tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) – are the active ingredients of a prescription drug called Sativex. [102] Another 2015 meta-analysis found no association between lifetime cannabis use and risk of head or neck cancer. Compounds which are structurally similar to THC are referred to as cannabinoids. US group snaps up UK maker of marijuana-based epilepsy drug as sector interest grows. Sponsored post by [142] In 2014, the startup Meadow began offering on-demand delivery of medical marijuana in the San Francisco Bay Area, through their mobile app. Submit content This dehydration is now considered the fundamental cause of freezing injury. Submit article The word cannabis is from Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis) (see Latin cannabis),[138] which was originally Scythian or Thracian. Blog for us [118] One review concluded that, although most cognitive faculties were unimpaired by cannabis use, residual deficits occurred in executive functions. Blog for us Kief is a powder, rich in trichomes,[172] which can be sifted from the leaves, flowers and fruits of cannabis plants and either consumed in powder form or compressed to produce cakes of hashish. Originally it was thought that CBD was the metabolic parent to d-9-THC, but it was later found that its biosynthesis occurs according to a genetically determined ratio [Russo and Guy, 2006]. Guest post: It characteristically produces, in a dose-dependent manner, hypoactivity, hypothermia, spatial and verbal short-term memory impairment [Hayakawa et al. Cannabis is not effective at treating chronic cancer pain. Suggest a post Plants can be so crowded that no single individual produces normal growth, causing etiolation and chlorosis. sativa they recognized two subspecies: C. Looking for guest posts These statistics include visits in which the patient was treated for a condition induced by or related to recent cannabis use. First, they travelled to Öland and stayed there until 21 June, when they sailed to Visby in Gotland. Hawaii's high COVID-19 vaccination rate along with its safety measures and warmer weather have brought the state close to achieving herd immunity. 001 millimeters per hour (mm/h), while most trees grow 0. 2 per cent of adults aged 16 to 59 having used it in the last year. 750 mya) has been attributed to the Cladophorales, while the oldest reliable records of the Bryopsidales, Dasycladales) and stoneworts are from the Paleozoic. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, 20894 USA. Guest posting Fruit produced by members of this family include apples, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, almonds, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, breadfruit, and jackfruit. Become a contributor The leaves of the mulberry provide food for the silkworms used in commercial silk production. The gateway hypothesis states that cannabis use increases the probability of trying "harder" drugs. Cancer crisis warning and UK set for 'heat bubble'4. [31][failed verification] Also, the Dacians and the Scythians had a tradition where a fire was made in an enclosed space and cannabis seeds were burnt and the resulting smoke ingested. Any time you have an opportunity to use cannabis, make sure you are making a thoughtful, deliberate yes or no choice that you can justify to yourself. Sponsored post by The family moved into the rectory from the curate's house. In May 1738, he set out for Sweden again. [141] THC also potentiates the effects of the glycine receptors. Not nearly as common as it used to be, hash (or hashish) is made from the resin of the cannabis plant and can be black, brown, soft or hard – depending on the type. [169] This is the stock material from which all other preparations are derived.


Cannabis, a complex plant: different compounds and different effects on individuals want to write an article

Sponsored post Following smoking of the equivalent of 10–15 mg over a period of 5–7 minutes, peak plasma levels of Δ9-THC are around 100 μg/L. Add this topic to your myFT Digest for news straight to your inbox. [78] Eventually, both routes of metabolism result in the metabolism of psychoactive THC to inactive 11-COOH-THC. [37] He received Linnaeus into his home and allowed him use of his library, which was one of the richest botanical libraries in Sweden. Further liberalisation would lift many constraints, including the ability of institutions to invest. Reading, engaging with, and sharing our publications, papers and commentary gives evidence-based science and policy the audience it needs and deserves. [165][note 6] Thus he placed man and monkeys under the same category, Anthropomorpha, meaning "manlike. But it can also make people feel lethargic, unmotivated and some people become paranoid, confused and anxious. Oral administration has the lowest bioavailability of approximately 6%, variable absorption depending on the vehicle used, and the longest time to peak plasma levels (2 to 6 hours) compared to smoked or vaporized THC. Submit article form-cell{background-color:#F8F8FF}. ’ Cannabis resin is defined as: ‘The separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from the cannabis plant. Guest contributor guidelines The ability to drive vehicles or to operate machinery may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. Sponsored post: Linnaeus joined an ongoing campaign to end this practice in Sweden and promote breast-feeding by mothers. [96]:18–19 A landrace strain of cannabis developed over centuries. Originally it was thought that CBD was the metabolic parent to d-9-THC, but it was later found that its biosynthesis occurs according to a genetically determined ratio [Russo and Guy, 2006]. Become guest writer If you’ve used cannabis as a one-off, it will show up in a urine test for around 2 to 3 days afterwards. Like some other cannabis concentrates, it contains a much higher concentration of THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids, such as than that of the cannabis infructescences from which it is derived. Plants are the primary producers in most terrestrial ecosystems and form the basis of the food web in those ecosystems. Cannabis use may affect fertility. Guest posters wanted All known strains of Cannabis are wind-pollinated[15] and the fruit is an achene. The THC is largely concentrated around the flowering parts of the female plant. Professor Kilian Stobæus, natural scientist, physician and historian, offered Linnaeus tutoring and lodging, as well as the use of his library, which included many books about botany. More recently, Sakamoto and various co-authors[37][38] have used RAPD to isolate several genetic marker sequences that they name Male-Associated DNA in Cannabis (MADC), and which they interpret as indirect evidence of a male chromosome. [119] NASA predicts that space stations or space colonies will one day rely on plants for life support. Submit article Smoking causes damage to health or even death, while some drugs may also be harmful or fatal to people. [87] Perhaps the most important contribution he made during his time at Uppsala was to teach; many of his students travelled to various places in the world to collect botanical samples. Delta-9-THC is the primary molecule responsible for the effects of cannabis. Guest-post On more degradation CBN is formed. There are many factors — from your genetics to your overall health and tolerance — that can affect your experience. This disorder, in which a person experiences withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug, may affect about 30% of people who use cannabis, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). [32] In the United States, cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, has been approved for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. Want to write a post Zammit’s group also looked for evidence of an interaction between cannabis use and COMT genotype by restricting the analysis to participants who claimed to have first used cannabis by the same cutoff period as the Caspi group, but failed to find evidence supporting the link. Hemp is stronger and longer-lasting than cotton. Submit guest article The price or street value of cannabis varies widely depending on geographic area and potency. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of the substance. C in Septuagint, the oldest Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, and also appears in following translations such as Martin Luther's. Flowers are grouped to form cymes. [4][by whom?] Its use for MS is approved in ten countries. The simple equation of photosynthesis is as follows:. Cannabis can make some people giggly and chatty, and other people paranoid, confused and anxious – it really depends on the type of person taking it and the circumstances they take it under. Linnaeus's groupings were based upon shared physical characteristics, and not simply upon differences. Guest poster wanted [7] The botanist Li Hui-lin noted linguistic evidence that the "stupefying effect of the hemp plant was commonly known from extremely early times"; the word ma "cannabis; hemp" has connotations of "numbed; tingling; senseless" (e. Accepting guest posts Thread used to sew cloth likewise comes in large part from cotton. Become guest writer Eating cannabis may result in a large dose being taken in one go, making it difficult to avoid unpleasant reactions. In the far north, among the nomadic tribes of Mongolia and Siberia, shamanism was widespread and common until rather recent times. Linnaeus's last years were troubled by illness. [191][192] It is unclear when cannabis first became known for its psychoactive properties. Nils spent much time in his garden and often showed flowers to Linnaeus and told him their names. [10] Modern garden varieties of roses such as hybrid teas, floribunda, and grandifora, originated from complex hybrids of several separate wild species native to different regions throughout the world. That means that in theory, getting caught by the police with any amount of cannabis can lead to up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. 1988], which was followed by the cloning of cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) [Matsuda et al. Early Chinese classics have many references to using the plant for clothing, fiber, and food, but none to its psychotropic properties. Guest post guidelines In Hammarby the Linnean private collections suffered seriously from damp and the depredations by mice and insects. Submit content Many monoecious varieties have also been described,[22] in which individual plants bear both male and female flowers. Publish your guest post Common or street names: Bud, ganja, grass, hashish, hemp, Indian hemp, marijuana, pot, reefer, weed. Guest author Experts do not know exactly how frequent and long-term cannabis use affects a person’s health. Guest column [136] The British botanist William T. [89] Cannabis is one of the 50 "fundamental" herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Become a contributor Like with joints, using tobacco in bongs increases the risk of nicotine dependence. Write for us Cannabis for industrial uses is valuable in tens of thousands of commercial products, especially as fibre[108] ranging from paper, cordage, construction material and textiles in general, to clothing. The gateway effect may appear due to social factors involved in using any illegal drug. [63] A French review from 2009 came to a conclusion that cannabis use, particularly that before age 15, was a factor in the development of schizophrenic disorders. Another way is by understanding the relative THC content of the cannabis you smoke. Topical: Transdermal patches allow the ingredients to enter the body over a prolonged period. Guest blogger guidelines [65] He submitted a dissertation, written back in Sweden, entitled Dissertatio medica inauguralis in qua exhibetur hypothesis nova de febrium intermittentium causa,[note 3] in which he laid out his hypothesis that malaria arose only in areas with clay-rich soils. Cannabis is a popular recreational drug around the world, only behind alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco. During Linnaeus's time it was normal for upper class women to have wet nurses for their babies. Some forms of cannabis or chemicals from cannabis have passed through the strict trials showing for example that it can help reduce painful symptoms for some people with MS. Submit an article If you roll your spliffs with tobacco, you’re also at risk of getting addicted (or staying addicted) to nicotine. Want to write a post In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. As an antiemetic, these medications are usually used when conventional treatment for nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy fail to work. Sponsored post by Streptophyte algae are either unicellular or form multicellular filaments, branched or unbranched. Blog for us The authors point out that there is a bidirectional cross antagonism which involves the antagonists of either receptor to block the other. Available for Android and iOS devices. This is because CBD interacts with THC and reduces its “stoned” effects. Contributing writer [3] It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. By the 10th century CE, it has been suggested that it was referred to by some in India as "food of the gods". This post was written by The amount of cannabis normally used for medicinal purposes is not believed to cause any permanent cognitive impairment in adults, though long-term treatment in adolescents should be weighed carefully as they are more susceptible to these impairments. Submit guest article [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. Want to contribute to our website Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. [47] Recent phylogenetic studies based on cpDNA restriction site analysis and gene sequencing strongly suggest that the Cannabaceae sensu stricto arose from within the former family Celtidaceae, and that the two families should be merged to form a single monophyletic family, the Cannabaceae sensu lato. Guest poster wanted The average levels of THC in cannabis sold in the United States rose dramatically between the 1970s and 2000. Further support for the possible involvement of the AKT1 gene comes from our study with healthy volunteers. Soon Linnaeus was given his own patch of earth where he could grow plants. In fact, CBD on its own has been tried out as a treatment for psychosis, and results are promising. [147] Meanwhile, a 13th edition of the entire Systema appeared in parts between 1788 and 1793. Looking for guest posts These effects get considerably better after the first three days. Occasionally after using cannabis, people feel their heart flutter, skip beats, race or pound in their chest. In May 1741, Linnaeus was appointed Professor of Medicine at Uppsala University, first with responsibility for medicine-related matters. Cannabis is used to reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, to improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and to treat chronic pain and muscle spasms. The magnitude of down regulation is associated with cumulative cannabis exposure, and is reversed after one month of abstinence. Plants are characterized by sexual reproduction and alternation of generations, although asexual reproduction is also common. There is also a greater appreciation of sensory experiences such as music and hallucinations may occur with higher doses. Accepting guest posts A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. Various concentrations of THC, cannabidiol (CBD), or hybrid products exist in products found cannabis dispensaries in states that have legalized recreational marijuana use. Its metabolites are products of primarily CYP2C19 and CYP3A4 activity, with potential activity of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2C9, and CYP2D6. Sponsored post: These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. [43] One study suggested that sustained heavy, daily, adolescent onset cannabis use over decades is associated with a decline in IQ by age 38, with no effects found in those who initiated cannabis use later, or in those who ceased use earlier in adulthood. [173] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. Want to write an article [119] Furthermore, effect sizes of significant findings were generally small. Without realising it, people learn to fit in with acting a certain way when they are stoned and around other stoned people. Contributor guidelines [50] The immediate desired effects from consuming cannabis include relaxation and euphoria (the "high" or "stoned" feeling), a general alteration of conscious perception, increased awareness of sensation, increased libido[25] and distortions in the perception of time and space. Carbon dating has revealed that these plants may have been used for ritual/medicinal purposes in Xinjiang, China as early as 494 B. Guest posts There is a theory that some people with migraine have a deficiency in the natural endocannabinoids that their bodies produce. Guest post: Humberside police releases Not In Our Community report on tackling child exploitation. But not everyone can benefit from the medical properties of cannabis, and trying to use it as a medicine without a doctor’s guidance might do more harm than good. Guest blogger guidelines These nudges towards psychosis can include challenging, isolated lives, losing a parent, facing hostility (e.


Cannabis drug profile sponsored post by

Members base their practices on what they see as an eclectic mixture of ancient wisdom, modern science, and the enlightening and healing properties of cannabis sacrament. Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). This is also the maximum sentence for production and cultivation. Cannabaceae are often dioecious (distinct male and female plants). However, CBD was efficient in blocking most of the effects of d-9-THC when both drugs were given together. Ruderalis is the informal name for the short plants that grow wild in Europe and Central Asia. Before presenting the available evidence in the literature on the reasons for the varying effects of cannabis in different individuals, we will first review the present knowledge on the biochemistry of the cannabis plant and the endocannabinoid system. Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. The xylem moves water and minerals from the root to the rest of the plant, and the phloem provides the roots with sugars and other nutrient produced by the leaves. Classification systems developed prior to the 1990s, such as those of Cronquist (1981) and Dahlgren (1989), typically recognized the order Urticales, which included the families Cannabaceae, Cecropiaceae, Celtidaceae, Moraceae, Ulmaceae and Urticaceae, as then circumscribed. There is some evidence that women who smoke cannabis during the time of conception or while pregnant may increase the risk of their child being born with birth defects. Guest author In its listing announcement, OCT said its "primary market focus is the total addressable pain market, which is estimated to be worth at least £42. [83] Similar to delta-9-THC, a majority of CBD is excreted in feces and some in the urine. Guest article [30] Physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy;[24] short-term side effects may also include dry mouth and red eyes. There’s a long way to go where research is concerned, and clinical trials are greatly needed to properly understand the effects medical cannabis has on migraine. Become a contributor World’s largest marijuana retailer says relaxed attitudes are ‘taking hold’ across continent. Sponsored post: number-header{background-color:#549EA0}. Morphological differences in wild and cultivated forms of cannabis have introduced taxonomic uncertainties. His siblings were Anna Maria Linnæa, Sofia Juliana Linnæa, Samuel Linnæus (who would eventually succeed their father as rector of Stenbrohult and write a manual on beekeeping),[10][11][12] and Emerentia Linnæa. Many people who smoke cannabis also smoke tobacco. The average ‘reefer’ cigarette contains around 200 mg of herbal cannabis or cannabis resin. Cannabis contains at least 120 active ingredients, or cannabinoids. This is particularly common during the festival of Diwali and Kumbha Mela. However, the signalling effects can be complex due to CB1Rs forming heteromers, which can be defined as having different parts such as subunits, with two or more other GPCRs, particularly if they are densely expressed in the same neuron. Yogis or sadhus along with other Hindu mystics have been known to smoke a mixture of cannabis sativa and tobacco in order to enhance meditation. Guest post- This is considered among the rarest of all the writings of Linnaeus, and crucial to his career, securing him his appointment to a professorship of medicine at Uppsala University. Humans depend on plants for food, either directly or as feed for domestic animals. The X:A system was first described in Drosophila spp in 1925. Guest post by [13] The first pair of leaves usually have a single leaflet, the number gradually increasing up to a maximum of about thirteen leaflets per leaf (usually seven or nine), depending on variety and growing conditions. [185] The plant material is mixed with the solvent and then pressed and filtered to express the oils of the plant into the solvent. The building is also known as Gala Bingo, according to the Doncaster Free Press. However on 11th October 2018 the Government announced that medicinal cannabis is legal and that patients can be prescribed medicinal cannabis by specialist doctors from 1 November 2018. But it can also make people feel lethargic, unmotivated and some people become paranoid, confused and anxious. Linnaeus would later name a genus of tropical tree Dillenia in his honour. Submit content The botany, zoology, pharmacology and anatomy lectures were not in their best state. Guest poster wanted It will be the same to me whatever name we apply. Sponsored post by [11] An additional 12 states have more restrictive laws allowing the use of low-THC products. Submit guest post 2 of these – tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) – are the active ingredients of a prescription drug called Sativex. In August 2014, Uruguay legalized growing up to six plants at home, as well as the formation of growing clubs, and a state-controlled marijuana dispensary regime. Contribute to this site The greater number of naturalists who have taken into consideration the whole structure of man, including his mental faculties, have followed Blumenbach and Cuvier, and have placed man in a separate Order, under the title of the Bimana, and therefore on an equality with the orders of the Quadrumana, Carnivora, etc. In 1750, Linnaeus became rector of Uppsala University, starting a period where natural sciences were esteemed. Simple plants like algae may have short life spans as individuals, but their populations are commonly seasonal. Guest posters wanted Medical Cannabis Improves Patients’ Quality of Life More Than Any Other Treatment For Chronic Neuropathic Pain. [93] Finally, the tertiary psychoactive effects of the drug cannabis, can include an increase in heart rate and hunger, believed to be caused by 11-OH-THC, a psychoactive metabolite of THC produced in the liver. Cannabis research is challenging since the plant is illegal in most countries. Smoking cannabis on its own (in a pipe or bong for example, or rolled in a tobacco-free cigarette) is much less harmful. Blog for us Widow's plea for rule change on overloaded lorries. Guest posting rules THC Ministry sells a legal defense kit, as the members served prison time during USA prohibition: "Our Cannabis Sanctuary Kit provides you with proof of your legitimacy as a religious practitioner of Cannabis Sacrament. Contributor guidelines This collection was donated by her grandson King Gustav IV Adolf (1778–1837) to the museum in Uppsala in 1804. insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script','//www. Guest-post Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. Although the leaves of Cannabis sativa are reasonably characteristic, cannabis and cannabis resin can both be positively identified by low-power microscopy, where the appearance of glandular trichomes and cystolithic hairs is diagnostic. The same research that found that long-term heavy cannabis use when young might make people less intelligent seemed to show that once people are grown up, starting to smoke cannabis probably doesn’t affect their intelligence. Guest posting guidelines Earlier Precambrian fossils are known that resemble single-cell green algae, but definitive identity with that group of algae is uncertain. Contributing writer [65] He submitted a dissertation, written back in Sweden, entitled Dissertatio medica inauguralis in qua exhibetur hypothesis nova de febrium intermittentium causa,[note 3] in which he laid out his hypothesis that malaria arose only in areas with clay-rich soils. The theological concerns were twofold: first, putting man at the same level as monkeys or apes would lower the spiritually higher position that man was assumed to have in the great chain of being, and second, because the Bible says man was created in the image of God[169] (theomorphism), if monkeys/apes and humans were not distinctly and separately designed, that would mean monkeys and apes were created in the image of God as well. Guest post Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. Snoop Dogg, real name Calvin Broadus Jr. Guest-post CBD is a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, which is under laboratory research to determine if it has an anxiolytic effect. If you drive while under the influence of cannabis, you're more likely to be involved in an accident. It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired judgment. The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. Most of us are very unlikely to ever get psychosis, but this depends on a combination of our genes and the life we live. Alcohol and nicotine also prime the brain for a heightened response to other drugs and are, like marijuana, also typically used before a person progresses to other, more harmful substances. Blog for us Jiang said this is the first archeological discovery of complete cannabis plants, as well as the first incidence of their use as a burial shroud. [11] In 2014 there were an estimated 182. Guest posts wanted indica as having poorer fiber quality than C. This is a guest post by [17] Based on additional grave goods, archaeologists concluded these individuals were shamans: "The marijuana must have been buried with the dead shamans who dreamed of continuing the profession in another world. The use of cannabis as a mind-altering drug has been documented by archaeological finds in prehistoric societies in Eurasia and Africa. However, higher doses of CBD can potentiate the lower doses of d-9-THC by enhancing the level of CB1R expression in the hippocampus and hypothalamus. They are a type of peptic ulcer disease. Submit your content In the US, men are over twice as likely to use marijuana as women, and 18–29-year-olds are six times more likely to use as over-65-year-olds. In 1734, Linnaeus led a small group of students to Dalarna. This work takes a long time, especially as research and medical use of the drug is restricted by the law. Blog for us [47] The highest risk of cannabis dependence is found in those with a history of poor academic achievement, deviant behavior in childhood and adolescence, rebelliousness, poor parental relationships, or a parental history of drug and alcohol problems. state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). Suggest a post In 1752 Linnaeus published a thesis along with Frederick Lindberg, a physician student,[106] based on their experiences. This is the broadest modern definition of the term 'plant'. [103] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis foods. Guest-blogger Then the effects can last 5 hours or even more. [98][99] Cannabis withdrawal symptoms are typically mild and are not life-threatening. Guest post courtesy of Earlier Precambrian fossils are known that resemble single-cell green algae, but definitive identity with that group of algae is uncertain. Chris Conrad: Upon leaving the seminary, Conrad worked in the anti-Vietnam War and civil rights movements for a number of years, but by 1988 found himself concentrating on cannabis activism. Contribute to our site " At the bottom is a phrase in Latin, borrowed from the Aeneid, which reads "Famam extendere factis": we extend our fame by our deeds. The provenance of the hydra suggested to Linnaeus that it had been manufactured by monks to represent the Beast of Revelation. Guest author People may still feel the effects the next day, particularly after a heavy session. Want to contribute to our website Recently many of our best naturalists have recurred to the view first propounded by Linnaeus, so remarkable for his sagacity, and have placed man in the same Order with the Quadrumana, under the title of the Primates. Guest posters wanted In August 1735, during Linnaeus's stay with Burman, he met George Clifford III, a director of the Dutch East India Company and the owner of a rich botanical garden at the estate of Hartekamp in Heemstede. His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children. Cannabis contains active ingredients called cannabinoids. Psychologically, use of cannabis has been reported to cause anxiety and paranoia in some users and studies have suggested that it can be a trigger for underlying mental health problems. Guest column The four major compounds are d-9-THC, CBD, d-8-THC and cannabinol, which have been most researched [Pertwee, 1997, 2008; Pamplona and Takahashi, 2012]. Submit a guest post CB1 receptors - effects of endocannabinoids and d-9-THC Release of Anandamide (AEA) and 2- arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) to inhibit glutamate (Glu), Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), acetylcholine (Ach), dopamine, noradrenaline (NA) and serotonin (5-HT). In 2020, the National Institute on Drug Abuse released a study backing allegations that marijuana is a gateway to harder drugs, though not for the majority of marijuana users. Tobacco is often mixed with cannabis, for making joints or smoking bongs. In modern culture, the spiritual use of cannabis has been spread by the disciples of the Rastafari movement who use cannabis as a sacrament and as an aid to meditation. However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. Cannabis was known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered its psychoactive properties through the Iranians. [205] Examples of classic literature of the period featuring cannabis include Les paradis artificiels (1860) by Charles Baudelaire and The Hasheesh Eater (1857) by Fitz Hugh Ludlow. Guest post by If arteritis turns out to be a distinct clinical entity, it might be the consequence of vasoconstrictor activity observed from delta-8-THC and delta-9-THC. [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). Submit post Medical cannabis (or medical marijuana) refers to the use of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids, in an effort to treat disease or improve symptoms. Guest post by Cannabis use has been falling; most people in the UK (more than two out of three) have never tried cannabis, but it’s still the most popular illegal drug. Drug Science is currently collecting data on medical cannabis with Project Twenty21, through which eligible people can access medical cannabis at a reduced price, while their treatment outcomes are analysed to gather evidence for the role of cannabis as a medicine and to help guide public health policy. Guest post [137] Many of the apostles died during their expeditions. ruderalis), which is commonly described as "auto-flowering" and may be day-neutral. Embryophytes include the vascular plants, such as ferns, conifers and flowering plants. His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children.


Cannabis growers 'digging up roads to steal power' guest contributor guidelines

When Nils was admitted to the University of Lund, he had to take on a family name. The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. Contribute to this site have legalized the use of recreational marijuana; however, not all of these states permit the commercial production or sale of recreational cannabis. Acute effects may include anxiety and panic, impaired attention, and memory (while intoxicated), an increased risk of psychotic symptoms, and possibly increased risk of accidents if a person drives a motor vehicle while intoxicated. [294][295] In the United States, 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis – though the drug remains illegal at the federal level. However, the serration vein originates from lower down the central vein of the leaflet, typically opposite to the position of, not the first notch down, but the next notch. There are four stereoisomers of THC, but only the (–)-trans isomer occurs naturally (CAS-1972-08-03). Looking for guest posts [89] A 2014 review found that while cannabis use may be less harmful than alcohol use, the recommendation to substitute it for problematic drinking was premature without further study. These groups also differ from green plants in that the storage polysaccharide is floridean starch and is stored in the cytoplasm rather than in the plastids. Become guest writer The effects of cannabis can vary a lot from person to person. There’s more information on this in the section Will cannabis make me lose control of my mind?. The fungi help the plants gain water and mineral nutrients from the soil, while the plant gives the fungi carbohydrates manufactured in photosynthesis. It is rare for maximum sentences to be given and guidelines put out by ACPO (Association of Chief Police Officers) advise police to take an escalating approach to those over 17 possessing cannabis for personal use, with a warning given the first time a person is caught and an on-the-spot fine for a second offence. The feeling will typically wear off after about 2 hours. Guest post guidelines The EU and US consider sanctions after Belarus forced a plane carrying a dissident journalist to land. Sometimes people just feel overwhelmed and might need to lie down for a bit, especially if they get more stoned than they intended to. The Devonian period also saw the evolution of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. Today, more and more people are using the term cannabis to refer to weed. Research in more recent years has shown that d-9-THC, as a partial agonist, resembles anandamide in its CB1 affinity, albeit with less efficacy than anandamide, whilst displaying even lower efficacy at CB2Rs than at CB1Rs in vitro [Pertwee, 2008]. Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. The Viridiplantae, the green plants – green algae and land plants – form a clade, a group consisting of all the descendants of a common ancestor. Contributor guidelines [185] The plant material is mixed with the solvent and then pressed and filtered to express the oils of the plant into the solvent. Sponsored post One of the earliest to use this plant in medical purposes was Korakkar, one of the 18 Siddhas. [164][165][166][167] This is the most widely consumed form,[167] containing 3% to 20% THC,[168] with reports of up to 33% THC. Skunk – Much of the cannabis in use in the UK is homegrown either under grow lights or in greenhouse conditions using ‘hydroponic’ techniques (ie, growing plants in nutrient-rich liquids rather than in soil). [142] It is unknown if or how these actions contribute to the effects of cannabis. Indeed, CB1R agonists have been shown to induce AKT1 phosphorylation, whilst the antagonists of this receptor have inhibited AKT1 signalling pathways [Molina-Holgado et al. The remains of fossil plants are not as common as fossil animals, although plant fossils are locally abundant in many regions worldwide. Sometimes tobacco is included in the spliff. Assets under management by pot-tracking ETFs are at an all-time high. A 2015 review found that the use of high CBD-to-THC strains of cannabis showed significantly fewer positive symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, better cognitive function and both lower risk for developing psychosis, as well as a later age of onset of the illness, compared to cannabis with low CBD-to-THC ratios. "[166] This classification received criticism from other biologists such as Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Jacob Theodor Klein and Johann Georg Gmelin on the ground that it is illogical to describe man as human-like. Embryophytes include the vascular plants, such as ferns, conifers and flowering plants. form-cell{background-color:#F8F8FF}. Guest posting guidelines Cannabis use is associated with increased recruitment of task-related areas, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is thought to reflect compensatory activity due to reduced processing efficiency. [4][141] Marijuana vending machines for selling or dispensing cannabis are in use in the United States and are planned to be used in Canada. But it almost always decreases the pain level significantly. [59][60] The defense attorneys were not often successful in winning their case, because the intent of the law was clear. Cannabis is frequently used among Sufis[135] – the mystical interpretation of Islam that exerts strong influence over local Muslim practices in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Turkey, and Pakistan. Fossil land plants are recorded in terrestrial, lacustrine, fluvial and nearshore marine sediments. Contribute to this site However, recent studies have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. Chemicals in cannabis might directly interfere with the long slow development of an adult brain, which doesn’t finish until people are in their mid-twenties. Most of the illicit drug emergency room visits involved multiple drugs. Guest posting rules The first such study was carried out by Caspi and colleagues [Caspi et al. Guest-blogger [41] Other countries to do so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, plus 17 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia in the United States (though the drug remains federally illegal). [104] In 1996, California became the first U. Submit your content Borderline personality disorder causes problems regulating thoughts, emotions, and self-image. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), "the amount of THC present in a cannabis sample is generally used as a measure of cannabis potency. [196] Other things named after Linnaeus include the twinflower genus Linnaea, the crater Linné on the Earth's moon, a street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the cobalt sulfide mineral Linnaeite. Guest blogger guidelines A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments. Submit post In dioecious plants where sex chromosomes have not been identified, markers for maleness indicate either the presence of sex chromosomes which have not been distinguished by cytological methods or that the marker is tightly linked to a gene involved in sex determination. AD 1320 were found to have traces of cannabis. Cannabis has been associated with bronchitis, and it may be a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). [18] It is unclear whether American states might be able to mitigate the adverse effects of the opioid epidemic by prescribing medical cannabis as an alternative pain management drug. Guest posts In the present decade, cannabis abuse has grown more rapidly than cocaine and opiate abuse. Guest-blogger [113][114][115] There is limited evidence that chronic cannabis use can reduce levels of glutamate metabolites in the human brain. Contribute to our site She tried to sell it to Banks, but he was no longer interested; instead an acquaintance of his agreed to buy the collection. Cannabis cigarettes may be termed reefers, joints or spliffs. Guest posters wanted Sometimes people argue with one side saying “cannabis is a harmful drug” and the other side saying “no it isn’t, cannabis is a wonderful medicine”. Submit article In the meantime, I will continue to learn everything I can about cannabis as it pertains to migraine and make this information accessible to others. In ancient Germanic paganism, cannabis was possibly associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya. In fact in a recent double-blind study carried out on patients with generalized social anxiety disorder, it was found that relative to placebo, CBD significantly reduced subjective anxiety and its effect was related to its activity on limbic and paralimbic areas as shown by single photon emission computed tomography [Crippa et al. Blog for us [30] Physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy;[24] short-term side effects may also include dry mouth and red eyes. The greater number of naturalists who have taken into consideration the whole structure of man, including his mental faculties, have followed Blumenbach and Cuvier, and have placed man in a separate Order, under the title of the Bimana, and therefore on an equality with the orders of the Quadrumana, Carnivora, etc. Looking for guest posts Animal research shows that cannabinoids may have antioxidant properties that may alleviate symptoms and limit neurological damage to the brain from stroke, seizures, lack of oxygen, and toxic drugs. It was initially wrongly assumed to be the main active compound of the plant responsible for its psychoactive effects [Mechoulam and Hanus, 2000]. [142] In 2014, the startup Meadow began offering on-demand delivery of medical marijuana in the San Francisco Bay Area, through their mobile app. By Russell Hope, news reporter. Looking at the best evidence on this question, it seems that heavy cannabis use, especially from a young age probably does increase an individual’s chance of becoming depressed or suffering from an anxiety disorder, although the increase is not huge. Guest post opportunities The authors concluded that some, but not all, of the deficits associated with cannabis use were reversible. Submit guest post From 21 case series covering a number of countries, a recent and consistent worldwide increase in cannabis potency was reported [Cascini et al. Much material which had been intensively studied by Linné in his scientific career belonged to the collection of Queen Lovisa Ulrika (1720–1782) (in the Linnean publications referred to as "Museum Ludovicae Ulricae" or "M. Plants are characterized by sexual reproduction and alternation of generations, although asexual reproduction is also common. [99] The same year he was elected member of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin. [89] Cannabis is one of the 50 "fundamental" herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Linnaeus began his expedition from Uppsala on 12 May 1732, just before he turned 25. Submit content de Meijer and coworkers described some of their RAPD studies as showing an "extremely high" degree of genetic polymorphism between and within populations, suggesting a high degree of potential variation for selection, even in heavily selected hemp cultivars. 9% in 2014 and had surpassed daily cigarette use. Submit post If you’re curious about trying cannabis, make sure to read up on the laws in your area first. The earliest evidence of cannabis smoking has been found in the 2,500-year-old tombs of Jirzankal Cemetery in the Pamir Mountains in Western China, where cannabis residue were found in burners with charred pebbles possibly used during funeral rituals. These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. "The key here is about getting cannabinoids into the hands of patients, and the way you do that is through the drug development process," Lucas told CNBC's "Squawk Box Europe. Media related to Cannabis by strain at Wikimedia Commons. In 1729, Linnaeus wrote a thesis, Praeludia Sponsaliorum Plantarum on plant sexual reproduction. Publish your guest post Short-term use increases the risk of both minor and major adverse effects. Guest post opportunities Naturally, due to the recent and constant increase in the availability of higher THC content variants of cannabis around the world, there have been increasing concerns about the health risks, particularly for young people. There is no good evidence that medical cannabis is effective for treating posttraumatic stress disorder, and its use for this purpose is not recommended. In this article we first provide an overview of the biochemical basis of cannabis research by examining the different effects of the two main compounds of the plant and the endocannabinoid system, and then go on to review available information on the possible factors explaining variation of its effects upon different individuals. Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed-upon definition. It is a complex plant with about 426 chemical entities, of which more than 60 are cannabinoid compounds [Dewey, 1986]. [240] The Canadian Licensed Producer system aims to become the Gold Standard in the world for safe and secure cannabis production,[241] including provisions for a robust craft cannabis industry where many expect opportunities for experimenting with different strains. [4] It is mentioned in the original Hebrew Old Testament and in its Aramaic translations as both incense and as intoxicant. "The medical cannabis, the problem with that is that physicians cannot prescribe it, so we want a drug product that we can get into the hands of physicians, into the hands of patients. Guest article [293] As of 2019[update], the mechanisms for the anti-inflammatory and possible pain relieving effects of cannabis were not defined, and there were no governmental regulatory approvals or clinical practices for use of cannabis as a drug. the stresses of being a gang-member or a struggling immigrant) stressful events (like having a baby), or even just living in a city. [57] The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. [224] In Copenhagen, Denmark in 2014, mayor Frank Jensen discussed possibilities for the city to legalize cannabis production and commerce. The geographical spread of those seizures is also global, covering practically every country of the world. Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. Submitting a guest post sativa as prohibited materials. There is an increasing demand of treatment for cannabis use disorders and associated health conditions in high- and middle-income countries, and there has been increased attention to the public health aspects of cannabis use and related disorders in international drug policy dialogues. It is just like a knife; a surgeon can use one kind of knife to make a sick person better, or a healthy person can accidentally harm themselves with a knife. [201][37] Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazyryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BC, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. [144] Commercial cannabinoid immunoassays, often employed as the initial screening method when testing physiological specimens for marijuana presence, have different degrees of cross-reactivity with THC and its metabolites. Thousands of hospital admissions in the East Riding ‘due to obesity issues’. Allegra Allergy and Claritin are over-the-counter allergy medications. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), "the amount of THC present in a cannabis sample is generally used as a measure of cannabis potency. However, this can go up to a month for regular users. [4] It is difficult to predict the pharmacological response to cannabis because concentration of cannabinoids varies widely, as there are different ways of preparing it for consumption (smoked, applied as oils, eaten, infused into other foods, or drunk) and a lack of production controls. Anniversaries of Linnaeus's birth, especially in centennial years, have been marked by major celebrations. Guest posting case-header{background-color:#40E0D0}. The earliest fossils clearly assignable to Kingdom Plantae are fossil green algae from the Cambrian. Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies emerged from university research project into potential treatments. In early editions of Systema Naturae, many well-known legendary creatures were included such as the phoenix, dragon, manticore, and satyrus,[180][note 10] which Linnaeus collected into the catch-all category Paradoxa.


Medical cannabis firm backed by Snoop Dogg begins trading in London guest posts wanted

I will occasionally have to re-dose after a few hours if I feel the pain returning. Consumption of marijuana leads to a psychoactive drug effect. However, this can go up to a month for regular users. Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual use and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. Want to write an article In the spring of 1749, Linnaeus could finally journey to Scania, again commissioned by the Government. People may still feel the effects the next day, particularly after a heavy session. On the way to Scania, he made his last visit to his brothers and sisters in Stenbrohult since his father had died the previous year. [99] As of 2015[update], there is no consensus regarding whether cannabis smoking is associated with an increased risk of cancer. Embryophytes include the vascular plants, such as ferns, conifers and flowering plants. How long the effects last and the drug stays in your system depends on how much you’ve taken, your size, whether you’ve eaten and what other drugs you may have also taken. [78] In 129,000 cases, cannabis was the only implicated drug. Publish your guest post [102] Another 2015 meta-analysis found no association between lifetime cannabis use and risk of head or neck cancer. Cannabis can also be cooked into food (such as brownies). The Assyrians, Egyptians, and Hebrews, among other Semitic cultures of the Middle East, mostly acquired cannabis from Aryan cultures and have burned it as an incense as early as 1000 BC. Guest posters wanted Some therapeutic benefit as an analgesic has been claimed for cannabis, and dronabinol is a licensed medicine in some countries for the treatment of nausea in cancer chemotherapy. High doses may also cause fluctuating emotions, fragmentary thoughts, paranoia, panic attacks, hallucinations and feelings of unreality. Submit guest article [10] This name was spelled with the æ ligature. Guest-blogger If you’re curious about trying cannabis, make sure to read up on the laws in your area first. Guest blogger guidelines Cannabis changes how you think and some people say it gives them a different perspective on things. Some of the sport's biggest names on why they love it and how they 'found it'. [50] The immediate desired effects from consuming cannabis include relaxation and euphoria (the "high" or "stoned" feeling), a general alteration of conscious perception, increased awareness of sensation, increased libido[25] and distortions in the perception of time and space. Guest-blogger In its listing announcement, OCT said its "primary market focus is the total addressable pain market, which is estimated to be worth at least £42. Guest posting rules Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae (oleaster/Russian olive family) Moraceae (mulberry family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Rosaceae (rose family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family). Submit content [259] In 2015, a record 44% of the US population has tried marijuana in their lifetime, an increase from 38% in 2013 and 33% in 1985. Contributor guidelines [277][278] Studies have shown that alcohol and tobacco may additionally be regarded as gateway drugs;[279] however, a more parsimonious explanation could be that cannabis is simply more readily available (and at an earlier age) than illegal hard drugs. Taking too much too fast (which is easy when the cannabis is very strong) can be horrible. There are different ways of using cannabis, and the method can determine the effects of the drug. Guest posting Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. His library and collections were left to his widow Sara and their children. Blog for us Around 10 editions were published, not all of them by Linnaeus himself; the most important is the 1754 fifth edition. Submit blog post Soon, he changed place with the other Professor of Medicine, Nils Rosén, and thus was responsible for the Botanical Garden (which he would thoroughly reconstruct and expand), botany and natural history, instead. Contributing writer This is also the maximum sentence for production and cultivation. However, my personal experience, like all testimonials and anecdotes, requires confirmation via well-controlled clinical trials. [210][211] In the United States in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act was passed,[212] and prohibited the production of hemp in addition to cannabis. Cannabis is predominantly dioecious,[15][17] having imperfect flowers, with staminate "male" and pistillate "female" flowers occurring on separate plants. According to the Watchman Fellowship "The herb is the key to new understanding of the self, the universe, and God. Write for us Despite its significance in the endocannabinoid system, little is known about the cannabinoid transporters. In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered. [177] The term "rosin hash" refers to a high quality solventless product obtained through heat and pressure. Even though you can find a member of the order Rosales anywhere the specific families grow in different specific geographical locations. [179] Nabiximols is a branded product name from a tincture manufacturing pharmaceutical company. The "gateway" drugs are merely those that are (usually) available at an earlier age than the harder drugs. Guest post courtesy of However, the number of people carrying this allele was small in this study. Last medically reviewed on June 30, 2020. Guest posting The EU and US consider sanctions after Belarus forced a plane carrying a dissident journalist to land. Submitting a guest post FCA guidance clears way for companies providing products for medical use to float on stock exchange. [98] Cannabis smoke is also inhaled more deeply than tobacco smoke. Contribute to our site Streptophyte algae are either unicellular or form multicellular filaments, branched or unbranched. Guest posting rules It is not clear whether cannabis use affects the rate of suicide. India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. This post was written by Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed-upon definition. A small number of people who smoke lots of cannabis get an illness where they feel sick, have stomach aches and vomit. A spokeswoman for Northern Powergrid said: "Tampering with electricity is extremely dangerous, not just for the perpetrator but also for those living in the local community, and can cause electrocution or fire which could cause life changing injuries or at worst be fatal. Herbal cannabis imported into Europe may originate from West Africa, the Caribbean or South-East Asia, but cannabis resin derives largely from either North Africa or Afghanistan. While it is true that most people who use heroin will have previously used cannabis, they are also likely to have smoked tobacco and consumed alcohol. When Linnaeus returned to Sweden on 28 June 1738, he went to Falun, where he entered into an engagement to Sara Elisabeth Moræa. Become a contributor Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. [citation needed] In 1842, Irish physician William Brooke O'Shaughnessy, who had studied the drug while working as a medical officer in Bengal with the East India Company, brought a quantity of cannabis with him on his return to Britain, provoking renewed interest in the West. In fact, CBD on its own has been tried out as a treatment for psychosis, and results are promising. Quite a mouthful, isn’t it?. Eating/drinking – Cannabis may be baked into cookies or brownies, mixed with alcohol or brewed into a tea. [18][19][20] Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids,[22] including cannabidiol (CBD). [300] In some countries citizens can be punished if they have used the drug in another country, including Singapore and South Korea. Guest contributor guidelines Root systems capable of obtaining soil water and nutrients also evolved during the Devonian. Guest post by Cannabis smoke contains thousands of organic and inorganic chemical compounds. Many legume plants have nitrogen fixing bacteria in the genus Rhizobium, found in nodules of their roots, that fix nitrogen from the air for the plant to use. High Times Magazine ran an article about Cantheism in 2019. Anthocerotophyta (Non-flowering hornworts). Although the leaves of Cannabis sativa are reasonably characteristic, cannabis and cannabis resin can both be positively identified by low-power microscopy, where the appearance of glandular trichomes and cystolithic hairs is diagnostic. [46] He sometimes dismounted on the way to examine a flower or rock[47] and was particularly interested in mosses and lichens, the latter a main part of the diet of the reindeer, a common and economically important animal in Lapland. Guest-blogger Cannabis with lots of THC and no CBD seems to be more addictive and have worse effects on memory. The weight of large numbers of epiphytes may break tree limbs. Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. There’s more information on this in the section Will cannabis make me lose control of my mind?. Submit guest article Kief is a powder, rich in trichomes,[172] which can be sifted from the leaves, flowers and fruits of cannabis plants and either consumed in powder form or compressed to produce cakes of hashish. Most species of bryophytes remain small throughout their life-cycle. Guest-blogger If they are vomiting and intoxicated make sure their airways are cleared and consider putting them in the recovery position. [31][32] He was registered as Carolus Linnæus, the Latin form of his full name, which he also used later for his Latin publications. " At the bottom is a phrase in Latin, borrowed from the Aeneid, which reads "Famam extendere factis": we extend our fame by our deeds. Researchers have noted in an extensive review that it is dangerous to present the sequence of events described in gateway "theory" in causative terms as this hinders both research and intervention. Plants in all of these groups continue to thrive, especially in the environments in which they evolved. In the first edition of Systema Naturae, Linnaeus subdivided the human species into four varieties based on continent and[dubious – discuss] skin colour: "Europæus albesc[ens]" (whitish European), "Americanus rubesc[ens]" (redish American), "Asiaticus fuscus" (tawny Asian) and "Africanus nigr[iculus]" (blackish African). Submitting a guest post "[281] It also reported that "These findings are consistent with the idea of marijuana as a "gateway drug. The first such study was carried out by Caspi and colleagues [Caspi et al. In 1734, Linnaeus led a small group of students to Dalarna. Cities, municipalities, employers, landlords, and universities may have special policies about the use of marijuana. state of Washington became the first state to officially legalize cannabis in a state law (Washington Initiative 502) (but still illegal by federal law),[228] with the state of Colorado following close behind (Colorado Amendment 64). sativa or a separate species, and proposed C. Guest poster wanted His friendship with Celsius did not wane and they continued their botanical expeditions. Blog for us However, the serration vein originates from lower down the central vein of the leaflet, typically opposite to the position of, not the first notch down, but the next notch. Whatever the drug is, never leave someone alone who is vomiting and intoxicated, as there is a risk of choking. "[85] Classical Greeks and Romans also used cannabis. Become a guest blogger [257] In 2014, daily marijuana use amongst US college students had reached its highest level since records began in 1980, rising from 3. Contribute to our site Read more information about cannabis on the Frank website. Cannabidiol (CBD), which has no psychotropic effects by itself[53] (although sometimes showing a small stimulant effect, similar to caffeine),[94] attenuates, or reduces[95] the higher anxiety levels caused by THC alone. Parts of England to trial self-isolation support. This post was written by , and working with plants or horticulture therapy is beneficial for rehabilitating people with disabilities. Submit blog post [74] According to Schultes' and Anderson's descriptions, C. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. Sponsored post: 7 years relative to non-cannabis use. Ten weeks later, Artedi drowned in the canals of Amsterdam, leaving behind an unfinished manuscript on the classification of fish.


Cannabis: the facts - Healthy body submit article

1988], which was followed by the cloning of cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) [Matsuda et al. [113] Near the head and foot of the shaman was a large leather basket and wooden bowl filled with 789g of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. This has resulted in many reclassifications based on evolutionary systematics. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Rosales were in the superorder Rosiflorae (also called Rosanae). This post was written by At some point, his father went to visit him and, after hearing critical assessements by his preceptors, he decided to put the youth as an apprentice to some honest cobbler. Childhood Epilepsy Case Study: Gino Londra. Submit guest article In bryophytes, the sporophyte is always unbranched and remains nutritionally dependent on its parent gametophyte. In August 1735, during Linnaeus's stay with Burman, he met George Clifford III, a director of the Dutch East India Company and the owner of a rich botanical garden at the estate of Hartekamp in Heemstede. If you are young and think you might like to try cannabis, you don’t necessarily need to say yes at the first opportunity; waiting until you are older reduces the risks, and waiting for a perfect relaxed opportunity rather than the first available chance makes it more likely you’ll enjoy it anyway. Want to write an article Linnaeus published Philosophia Botanica in 1751. Particularly over the past 15 years, such variants of the plant have been more widely available on the street ‘market’, which are usually referred to as ‘skunk’ or ‘sinsemilla’. The THC is largely concentrated around the flowering parts of the female plant. Almost 70% of medical cannabis is exported from the United Kingdom, according to a 2017 United Nations report, with much of the remaining amount coming from Canada and the Netherlands. Cannabis also increases the risk of a relapse in people who already have schizophrenia, and it can make psychotic symptoms worse. When plants of these two chemotypes cross-pollinate, the plants in the first filial (F1) generation have an intermediate chemotype and produce intermediate amounts of CBD and THC. [45] The first genome sequence of Cannabis, which is estimated to be 820 Mb in size, was published in 2011 by a team of Canadian scientists. Write for us Around 10 editions were published, not all of them by Linnaeus himself; the most important is the 1754 fifth edition. Hashish (also spelled hasheesh, hashisha, or simply hash) is a concentrated resin cake or ball produced from pressed kief, the detached trichomes and fine material that falls off cannabis fruits, flowers and leaves. The Coal measures are a major source of Paleozoic plant fossils, with many groups of plants in existence at this time. Carl von Linné's son (Carl Linnaeus) inherited the collections in 1778 and retained them until his own death in 1783. [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Guest contributor guidelines The first state in the union to legalize the medical use of marijuana was California in 1996. The most common terpenes in cannabis are myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, terpinolene, pinene, humulene, ocimene and linalool. Submit your content Delta-9-THC is the primary molecule responsible for the effects of cannabis. Guest posts wanted This renders the risk of accidental overdose a practical impossibility, unless purified THC is involved. It’s hard to say how harmful the use of a drug like cannabis is ‘overall’, because it depends so much on the user, how they use it, and even the type of cannabis. Submit guest article It is present in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and many states of the United States, including Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Ohio, Oregon, Wyoming, Texas, and Tennessee with at least one other chapter forming in New York. Other than a shared evolutionary origin, members of the family have few common characteristics; some are trees (e. Because of the illegal status of cannabis, its consumers are likely to find themselves in situations allowing them to acquaint with individuals using or selling other illegal drugs. There is a theory that some people with migraine have a deficiency in the natural endocannabinoids that their bodies produce. In turn, alcohol and tobacco are typically easier to obtain at an earlier age than is cannabis (though the reverse may be true in some areas), thus leading to the "gateway sequence" in those individuals, since they are most likely to experiment with any drug offered. Become a guest blogger Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. This is a guest post by Within two weeks he had completed his oral and practical examinations and was awarded a doctoral degree. The leaves have a peculiar and diagnostic venation pattern that enables persons poorly familiar with the plant to distinguish a cannabis leaf from unrelated species that have confusingly similar leaves (see illustration). Become a guest blogger Ancient trees are revered and many are famous. Less common side effects were "ocular problems, orthostatic hypotension, muscle twitching, pruritus, vagueness, hallucinations, lightheadedness and dry mouth". Simple plants like algae may have short life spans as individuals, but their populations are commonly seasonal. Submit a guest post The Devonian period also saw the evolution of leaves and roots, and the first modern tree, Archaeopteris. India and Sri Lanka have allowed cannabis to be taken in the context of traditional culture for recreational/celebratory purposes and also for medicinal purposes. Contributing writer The short term effects of cannabis can be altered if it has been laced with opioid drugs such as heroin or fentanyl. [4][by whom?] Its use for MS is approved in ten countries. This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Unlike plants, which generally gain carbon through photosynthesis, and so are called autotrophs, fungi do not possess chloroplasts and generally obtain carbon by breaking down and absorbing surrounding materials, and so are called heterotrophic saprotrophs. The Duquenois–Levine test is commonly used as a screening test in the field, but it cannot definitively confirm the presence of cannabis, as a large range of substances have been shown to give false positives. Submit guest post This steady infusion can benefit people who are using cannabis to treat pain and inflammation. indica into subspecies or varieties. The first plant genome sequenced was that of Arabidopsis thaliana which encodes about 25,500 genes. Even at the risk of incurring the mayor's wrath, Linnaeus made his observations public, dashing the mayor's dreams of selling the hydra for an enormous sum. Submit blog post The pistil is made of two connate carpels, the usually superior ovary is unilocular; there is no fixed number of stamens. Strains with higher THC are likely to cause more damage and so minimising these strains, where possible, will go a long way to reducing negative effects. Guest post policy The most important psychoactive ingredients in cannabis are the tetrahydrocannabinols (THC). They are then rapidly removed from the extracellular space by cannabinoid transporters, often referred to as anandamide membrane transporters, which facilitate their breakdown by internalizing the molecule and allowing access to fatty acid amide hydrolase [Pertwee, 2010]. Nevertheless, Linnaeus is credited with establishing the idea of a hierarchical structure of classification which is based upon observable characteristics and intended to reflect natural relationships. People who use large quantities of cannabis may become sedated or disoriented and may experience toxic psychosis -- not knowing who they are, where they are, or what time it is. Want to write a post These tests cannot, however, distinguish authorized cannabis smoking for medical purposes from unauthorized recreational smoking. Submitting a guest post These nudges towards psychosis can include challenging, isolated lives, losing a parent, facing hostility (e. This is a Class B drug, which means it’s illegal to have for yourself, give away or sell. There has been a recent and consistent worldwide increase in cannabis potency, with increasing associated health concerns. They found large plots of land around the villages used for the cultivation of hemp. [23] (Although monoecious plants are often referred to as "hermaphrodites", true hermaphrodites – which are less common in Cannabis – bear staminate and pistillate structures together on individual flowers, whereas monoecious plants bear male and female flowers at different locations on the same plant. Submit article He was then seldom seen not wearing the order's insignia. The most recent DOJ memo on federal marijuana enforcement can be read here. Depending on the solvent, these may be used in cannabis foods or applied topically. Plants in the order Rosales were used in the traditional medicines of many cultures. One, Cryptogamia, included all the plants with concealed reproductive parts (algae, fungi, mosses and liverworts and ferns). Indeed, Morgan and colleagues carried out a study on 120 current users, which included 66 daily and 54 recreational users, whose hair analyses revealed their THC and CBD amounts. Contribute to our site What are the best glasses for your face shape? Let’s take a peek at these 13 frames. The fruit can be an achene or a drupe. Global Business and Financial News, Stock Quotes, and Market Data and Analysis. Publish your guest post The cannabinoid which is most important in making someone ‘stoned’ or ‘high’ is called THC. Sponsored post by [72] The available evidence does not support a causal relationship between cannabis use and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Do the benefits of cannabis outweigh the risks? Find out here. Via CB1 receptor activation, THC indirectly increases dopamine release and produces psychotropic effects. Plants may also be grown or kept indoors as houseplants, or in specialized buildings such as greenhouses that are designed for the care and cultivation of living plants. Contributing writer Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. Submit post United Nations (2006), Multilingual Dictionary of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances under International Control, United Nations, New York. Three drugs that contain synthetic substances with a structure similar to that of THC have received FDA approval. Sponsored post: [104] In 1996, California became the first U. Submit post Another way of looking at the relationships between the different groups that have been called "plants" is through a cladogram, which shows their evolutionary relationships. Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. He supported tariffs, levies, export bounties, quotas, embargoes, navigation acts, subsidised investment capital, ceilings on wages, cash grants, state-licensed producer monopolies, and cartels. The involvement of the particular neural regions and the neurotransmitter systems here is significant due to the fact that the very same brain areas and neurotransmitter systems are also implicated in psychoses, particularly in schizophrenia [van Os and Kapur, 2009; Smieskova et al. The earliest known reports regarding the sacred status of cannabis in the Indian subcontinent come from the Atharva Veda, estimated to have been composed sometime around 1400 BCE. Many animals disperse seeds, often by eating fruit and passing the seeds in their feces. We've got tips for how to get the cost down. Submit a guest post In 1783 Carl died and Sara inherited the collection, having outlived both her husband and son. Mechoulam and colleagues isolated the second endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG), 3 years later [Mechoulam et al. [83] The oldest written record of cannabis usage is the Greek historian Herodotus's reference to the central Eurasian Scythians taking cannabis steam baths. than previously thought, especially with continued legalization of recreational marijuana. [9] In older publications, the abbreviation "Linn. sativa, but greater utility as an inebriant. Guest posters wanted [78] Plants use pattern-recognition receptors to recognize conserved microbial signatures. Looking for guest posts In 1925, a compromise was made at an international conference in The Hague about the International Opium Convention that banned exportation of "Indian hemp" to countries that had prohibited its use, and requiring importing countries to issue certificates approving the importation and stating that the shipment was required "exclusively for medical or scientific purposes". Guest article When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. [55][64] In 1940, Russian botanists Serebriakova and Sizov proposed a complex classification in which they also recognized C. [124][125] An anointing oil mentioned in Exodus is, by some translators, said to contain Cannabis. [45] However, physical barriers to gene exchange (such as the Himalayan mountain range) might have enabled Cannabis gene pools to diverge before the onset of human intervention, resulting in speciation. Contribute to our site Cannabis has held sacred status in several religions and has served as an entheogen – a chemical substance used in religious, shamanic, or spiritual contexts[59] – in the Indian subcontinent since the Vedic period dating back to approximately 1500 BCE, but perhaps as far back as 2000 BCE. Accordingly, possession of 30 grams (1. Companies warn current regulations will encourage investment to shift elsewhere in Europe. Sign up for free newsletters and get more CNBC delivered to your inbox. Looking for guest posts [43] One study suggested that sustained heavy, daily, adolescent onset cannabis use over decades is associated with a decline in IQ by age 38, with no effects found in those who initiated cannabis use later, or in those who ceased use earlier in adulthood. Indoor growing systems may be detectable by police helicopters using thermal imaging equipment, while high intensity lights cause unusually large electricity bills. [41][42] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized in a greater number of countries. Another interesting compound of the plant, d-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (d-9-THCV), a novel CB1R antagonist, also exerts potentially useful actions in the treatment of epilepsy and obesity [Pertwee, 2008; Izzo et al. Combining cannabis with alcohol or other drugs creates a higher risk of feeling awful and regretting it. Molecular evidence has since shown that the most recent common ancestor (concestor), of the Fungi was probably more similar to that of the Animalia than to that of Plantae or any other kingdom. Submitting a guest post Plants are distributed almost worldwide. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, people who start using cannabis before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely to develop a cannabis use disorder than those who start using it later in life. [4][141] Marijuana vending machines for selling or dispensing cannabis are in use in the United States and are planned to be used in Canada. Philosophia Botanica (1751)[104] was a summary of Linnaeus's thinking on plant classification and nomenclature, and an elaboration of the work he had previously published in Fundamenta Botanica (1736) and Critica Botanica (1737).


Cannabis drug profile guest posts

Guest post guidelines Can a ‘double standard’ in paediatric medicine provide a framework to restructure repressive medical cannabis policies?. This last type of offence – allowing the use of a drug – applies only to permitting the smoking of cannabis or opium. Nils spent much time in his garden and often showed flowers to Linnaeus and told him their names. It has been putatively suggested that it may also increase the release of dopamine, glutamate and acetylcholine in certain brain regions, possibly by inhibiting the release of an inhibitory neurotransmitter like GABA onto dopamine, glutamate or acetylcholine-releasing neurons [Bhattacharyya et al. 3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Cannabis use does put some extra stresses on the body, and there is some evidence suggesting that heart attacks and strokes are slightly more likely to happen soon after using cannabis, just as they can be triggered by exercise or sex. [47] Combustion products are not present when using a vaporizer, consuming THC in pill form, or consuming cannabis edibles. These are not yet completely settled, but one accepted relationship between the three groups described above is shown below[clarification needed]. [11] An additional 12 states have more restrictive laws allowing the use of low-THC products.  In a world in which no-one used cannabis, people would still develop psychosis, sometimes this is a one-off episode of a few days or weeks, sometimes someone dips in and out of periods of psychosis over their lifetime, sometimes it is more or less constant, and occurs with other problems (schizophrenia). This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,[96] and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,[97] including; nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Guest article [136] Even after a single administration of THC, detectable levels of THC can be found in the body for weeks or longer (depending on the amount administered and the sensitivity of the assessment method). Some plants serve as homes for endophytic fungi that protect the plant from herbivores by producing toxins. case-header{font-style:italic}. So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada,[68] Belgium, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand,[188] Spain, and many U. [23] (Although monoecious plants are often referred to as "hermaphrodites", true hermaphrodites – which are less common in Cannabis – bear staminate and pistillate structures together on individual flowers, whereas monoecious plants bear male and female flowers at different locations on the same plant. They are precursors to cannabinoids. At the moment, the evidence for cannabis as a chemotherapy is incomplete and uncertain, it might help, it might not. Guest posts wanted Other conditions that it may be helpful for include:. A person has an addiction when they cannot stop using a substance. [138] The CB1 receptor is found primarily in the brain as well as in some peripheral tissues, and the CB2 receptor is found primarily in peripheral tissues, but is also expressed in neuroglial cells. Submit article If you’re curious about trying cannabis, start by checking whether it’s legal in your area. 3-D, how much you may pay with insurance, where to find low-cost or free mammograms, and more. Cannabis smoke contains many of the same harmful chemicals found in cigarette smoke. [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Guest post- Linnaeus classified humans among the primates beginning with the first edition of Systema Naturae. Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. It is an officially registered religion in many countries on different continents. The distribution of the endocannabinoid system in the brain is interesting as the very same brain areas are also implicated in psychoses, particularly in schizophrenia. This is called clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD). Also, cross-sensitization is not unique to marijuana. Tracheophyta (Vascular Plants). Become a guest blogger Psilotopsida (whisk ferns & adders'-tongues). Want to write for Lebanon has recently become the first Arab country to legalize the plantation of cannabis for medical use. Ainsworth describes sex determination in the genus as using "an X/autosome dosage type". Guest blogger If Russo’s theory is correct, then it makes sense that cannabinoids found in cannabis, like THC or CBD, could be a helpful remedy, as they are directly or indirectly stimulating the endocannabinoid system. Plants grown as industrial crops are the source of a wide range of products used in manufacturing, sometimes so intensively as to risk harm to the environment. Marijuana use in the United States is three times above the global average, but in line with other Western democracies. Want to write a post A limited number of studies have examined the effects of cannabis smoking on the respiratory system. Guest column [73] During germination repair processes are activated to deal with this accumulated DNA damage. Within the order Rosales is the family Rosaceae, which includes numerous species that are cultivated for their fruit, making this one of the most economically important families of plants. Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil[9] which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. There's been less research on it but smoking cannabis is likely to have many of the long term physical health risk as smoking tobacco (even if you don't mix the cannabis with tobacco). Guest posting guidelines Global Business and Financial News, Stock Quotes, and Market Data and Analysis. Guest posts wanted Linnaeus had already agreed to stay with Burman over the winter, and could thus not accept immediately. Contributor guidelines Imported herbal cannabis occurs as compressed blocks of dried brown vegetable matter comprising the flowering tops, leaves, stalks and seeds of Cannabis sativa. The stalks and seeds have "much lower THC levels". [149] It is often claimed that sativa strains provide a more stimulating psychoactive high while indica strains are more sedating with a body high. Become an author [52] Other serious cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, sudden cardiac death, and cardiomyopathy have been reported to be temporally associated with cannabis use. Epiphytes may indirectly harm their host plant by intercepting mineral nutrients and light that the host would otherwise receive. Submit your content Antinausea medications are not usually effective for CHS. Currently, Uruguay and Canada are the only countries that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. Submit blog post 9% in more recent years, significantly higher than recorded 10 years previously [Potter et al. "[85] Classical Greeks and Romans also used cannabis. Contributing writer After fertilisation by means of sperm produced by pollen grains, an embryo sporophyte develops inside the ovule. Accepting guest posts Molecular analytical techniques developed in the late 20th century are being applied to questions of taxonomic classification. [89][90] During this time in Stockholm, Linnaeus helped found the Royal Swedish Academy of Science; he became the first Praeses of the academy by drawing of lots. Because cannabis is an illegal drug in many countries, people may be reluctant to take part in research, and if they do agree to take part, they may not say how much cannabis they actually smoke. How do I talk to my 12-year-old about race? VideoHow do I talk to my 12-year-old about race?. Guest poster wanted Common or street names: Bud, ganja, grass, hashish, hemp, Indian hemp, marijuana, pot, reefer, weed. Guest posting guidelines What are the effects of secondhand cannabis smoke?. Sponsored post by Common side effects with Epidiolex can include:. Rothman believed otherwise, suggesting Linnaeus could have a future in medicine. Become an author Available evidence indicates that we do not yet have a complete understanding of the varied functions of the endocannabinoid system, which is widely distributed both in the brain and in the peripheral system and most glands and organs in the body. These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. It can also make you hungry, known as having ‘the munchies’, or make you feel sick, known as ‘a whitey’. [75] THC further distributes into fatty tissues a few days after administration due to its high lipophilicity, and is found deposited in the spleen and fat after redistribution. [41][42] Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized in a greater number of countries. Guest-blogger At the southern extremes, plants of the Antarctic flora have adapted tenaciously to the prevailing conditions. Two inactive substances are also formed — 8α-hydroxy-Δ9-THC and 8α,11-dihydroxy-Δ9-THC — and many other minor metabolites, most of which appear in the urine and faeces as glucuronide conjugates. Plant roots play an essential role in soil development and the prevention of soil erosion. [104] In 1996, California became the first U. Similar to THC, CBD has poor oral bioavailability, approximately 6%. It has been suggested that the presence of monoecy can be used to differentiate licit crops of monoecious hemp from illicit drug crops,[24] but sativa strains often produce monoecious individuals, which is possibly as a result of inbreeding. [67] After the initial formation of intercellular ice, the cells shrink as water is lost to the segregated ice, and the cells undergo freeze-drying. [262] Some suggest that results are skewed by older testing methods that included low-THC-content plant material such as leaves in the samples, which are excluded in contemporary tests. Contribute to our site Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. [132] The same limit applies in Switzerland, but no prescription is required to purchase. Cannabis varieties with lots of CBD (like most ‘hash’) might feel different (more relaxing, less confusing) and have a lower chance of causing harm, than cannabis varieties with little CBD (such as skunk). Soft black resin, furry green leaves and hard brown lumps, cannabis can look very different depending on its type – but it all comes from cannabis plants. At least 180 cities across California have enacted bans in recent years. Most of the serious harm caused by cannabis use is suffered by the minority of users who use it regularly, who take it daily or nearly daily, not to the majority of users who like to have some now and then. Looking for guest posts The first time that the police find cannabis in someone’s possession, they are likely to give a ‘cannabis warning’, and each time afterwards they will take tougher action, such as fining you, or arresting you. Contributor guidelines The authors suggest that the likely mechanism could be cannabinoid-regulated AKT1/glycogen synthase kinase 3 signalling downstream of the dopamine D2 receptor. Guest post opportunities This can be a difficult judgement to make, remember that the good or bad effects of cannabis usually start to decline on their own after about an hour after inhalation, or a couple of hours after eating it. Guest article Such specimens may be cut and polished using lapidary equipment. The integument becomes a seed coat, and the ovule develops into a seed. Guest post- [74] In particular, single- and double-strand breaks in DNA can be repaired. Indeed, it has been shown that people scoring high in schizotypy who use cannabis are more likely to have psychosis-like experiences at the time of use, together with unpleasant side effects [Barkus et al. Submit post About three hundred plant species do not photosynthesize but are parasites on other species of photosynthetic plants. Within the order Rosales is the family Rosaceae, which includes numerous species that are cultivated for their fruit, making this one of the most economically important families of plants. Kief collected from a grinder with a screen. Sara and Linnaeus would later have four other children: Lovisa, Sara Christina, Johannes and Sophia. Evolutionary innovation continued in the Carboniferous and later geological periods and is ongoing today. [10] The Cannabis plant has been highly prized for millennia for its hemp, which has numerous uses. However, hemp can refer to any industrial or foodstuff product that is not intended for use as a drug. [7] Other cannabinoids include delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol (CBG); they have less psychotropic effects than THC, but may play a role in the overall effect of cannabis. Guest blogger In April 1735, at the suggestion of Sohlberg's father, Linnaeus and Sohlberg set out for the Dutch Republic, where Linnaeus intended to study medicine at the University of Harderwijk[61] while tutoring Sohlberg in exchange for an annual salary. Growing cannabis or selling it to others can result in more serious consequences. Guest contributor guidelines This is a dark, sticky and honey-coloured substance that’s much less common than other types. AD 1320 were found to have traces of cannabis. Humberside Police said the people doing the work were often victims of modern slavery. The genus Cannabis contains two species which produce useful amounts of psychoactive cannabinoids: Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, which are listed as Schedule I medicinal plants in the US;[4] a third species, Cannabis ruderalis, has few psychogenic properties. Guest post opportunities The fossilized remains of conifer and angiosperm roots, stems and branches may be locally abundant in lake and inshore sedimentary rocks from the Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras. This usage generally requires a prescription, and distribution is usually done within a framework defined by local laws. That means that in theory, getting caught by the police with any amount of cannabis can lead to up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Submit blog post Notice that the Prasinophyceae are here placed inside the Chlorophyta. Become a contributor According to Alfred Dunhill (1924), Africans have had a long tradition of smoking hemp in gourd pipes, asserting that by 1884 the King of the Baluka tribe of the Congo had established a "riamba" or hemp-smoking cult in place of fetish-worship. Guest post guidelines The shield in the coat of arms is divided into thirds: red, black and green for the three kingdoms of nature (animal, mineral and vegetable) in Linnaean classification; in the centre is an egg "to denote Nature, which is continued and perpetuated in ovo. Submit your content Cannabis was often consumed in weddings or festivals honoring Shiva, who is said to have brought it down from the Himalayas. The fossilized remains of conifer and angiosperm roots, stems and branches may be locally abundant in lake and inshore sedimentary rocks from the Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras. We changed everything, our generation, the lames called us the Hippies, we called ourselves, Brother and Sister. This is a guest post by Fifteen US states and Washington, D. Publish your guest post Got a confidential news tip? We want to hear from you. Further support for the possible involvement of the AKT1 gene comes from our study with healthy volunteers. Many plants are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, usually trees, without parasitizing them. Want to contribute to our website [94] Other side effects of cannabis use include cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). [54] Although overall cannabinoid production is influenced by environmental factors, the THC/CBD ratio is genetically determined and remains fixed throughout the life of a plant. Contribute to our site Due to its higher THC content, C. In ancient Germanic culture, Cannabis was associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Become an FT subscriber to read: Start-up focused on painkilling effects of cannabis to list in London guest post

Near Gävle he found great quantities of Campanula serpyllifolia, later known as Linnaea borealis, the twinflower that would become his favourite. But it can also make people feel lethargic, unmotivated and some people become paranoid, confused and anxious. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world. At higher doses, effects can include altered body image, auditory and/or visual illusions, pseudohallucinations and ataxia from selective impairment of polysynaptic reflexes. This vocation was very common down to the Han dynasty. Publish your guest post Researchers think it is much more common in the U. [22] More recent excavations indicate the cannabis used in the most ancient burials were devoid of THC, while significantly stronger psychoactive cannabis was employed at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains. It is likely that the higher THC content allows people to ingest less tar. Guest posts If only someone might tell me a single one! If I would have called man a simian or vice versa, I would have brought together all the theologians against me. Contribute to our site ) Subdioecy (the occurrence of monoecious individuals and dioecious individuals within the same population) is widespread. [80] A 2013 review estimates daily use is associated with a 10–20% rate of dependence. His relations with Nils Rosén having worsened, Linnaeus accepted an invitation from Claes Sohlberg, son of a mining inspector, to spend the Christmas holiday in Falun, where Linnaeus was permitted to visit the mines. Experience mild hallucinations if they take particularly strong cannabis. Guest posting guidelines Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. Tuesday morning's raid followed "weeks of work by the Doncaster West Neighbourhood Policing Team", the force said. Medical cannabis is unusually broad as a treatment for many conditions, each of which has its own state of research. [24][23] There is a strong relation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis,[28][29] though the direction of causality is debated. Cannabis use has been falling; most people in the UK (more than two out of three) have never tried cannabis, but it’s still the most popular illegal drug. [39][40] In 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize recreational use of cannabis. To make the vaccination process simpler and faster, researchers are working to develop the next generation of COVID-19 vaccines, namely in pill and…. Former miner: Why I’m giving up my coal fire. Use of medical marijuana outside of the state laws for illegal use or trafficking will not be tolerated by state or federal government. [119] Cannabis use eventually became a ritual part of the Hindu festival of Holi. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. There are many varieties of cannabis infusions owing to the variety of non-volatile solvents used. Become guest writer Other types of sales and transportation are not permitted, although the general approach toward cannabis was lenient even before official decriminalization. Plants may cause harm to animals, including people. Australia's National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) states that the buds (infructescences) of the female cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of THC, followed by the leaves. In some areas where cannabis use had been historically tolerated, new restrictions were instituted, such as the closing of cannabis coffee shops near the borders of the Netherlands,[223] and closing of coffee shops near secondary schools in the Netherlands. "Not only is the abstraction of electricity in this way incredibly dangerous for those living on the street, often these criminals are exploiting vulnerable people through modern day slavery to complete the work for them, which we won't accept. Guest posts wanted Between 1973 and 1978, eleven states decriminalized marijuana. Looking for guest posts The dose of THC needed to kill 50% of tested rodents is extremely high. Most of the illicit drug emergency room visits involved multiple drugs. Like Flora Lapponica, it contained both zoological and botanical observations, as well as observations concerning the culture in Öland and Gotland. Receptor heteromers provide better understanding of how these different neurotransmitter systems interact with each other. [83] In terms of sheer DNA sequence, the smallest published genome is that of the carnivorous bladderwort (Utricularia gibba) at 82 Mb (although it still encodes 28,500 genes)[84] while the largest, from the Norway Spruce (Picea abies), extends over 19,600 Mb (encoding about 28,300 genes). Regular users might consume one-eighth of an ounce per week. Some people don’t use tobacco at all and make weed-only spliffs - either because they prefer it that way or to avoid becoming dependent on nictotine. "[152] The three main forms of cannabis products are the flower/fruit, resin (hashish), and oil (hash oil). The herb carries a spirit, a spirit of unfaltering righteousness that opened our minds to the hope and glory of peace and love. Become an author [102] Another 2015 meta-analysis found no association between lifetime cannabis use and risk of head or neck cancer. If only someone might tell me a single one! If I would have called man a simian or vice versa, I would have brought together all the theologians against me. Sometimes tobacco is included in the spliff. Cannabis has not been linked to birth defects, but research suggests that using cannabis regularly during pregnancy could affect a baby's brain development as they get older. They are precursors to cannabinoids. [230] The California Supreme Court decided in May 2013 that local governments can ban medical marijuana dispensaries despite a state law in California that permits the use of cannabis for medical purposes. There has been a limited number of studies that have looked at the effects of smoking cannabis on the respiratory system. He wrote it in nine months (completed in July 1737), but it was not published until 1738. Cancer Research UK say that while cannabis is being studied for therapeutic potential, "claims that there is solid 'proof' that cannabis or cannabinoids can cure cancer is highly misleading to patients and their families, and builds a false picture of the state of progress in this area". Contribute to this site If you roll your spliffs with tobacco, you’re also at risk of getting addicted (or staying addicted) to nicotine. [36] Tolerance to these effects develops over a period of days or weeks. Become an author Bromeliad epiphytes accumulate water in leaf axils to form phytotelmata that may contain complex aquatic food webs. "Skunk" refers to several named strains of potent cannabis, grown through selective breeding and sometimes hydroponics. For some people, this issue should matter more because the risk of cannabis provoking psychosis will be higher for them. Cannabis was often consumed in weddings or festivals honoring Shiva, who is said to have brought it down from the Himalayas. Going to your doctor can help you access support towards finding a way to overcome cannabis addiction. In December 2014, however, the Rohrabacher–Farr amendment was signed into law, prohibiting the Justice Department from prosecuting individuals acting in accordance with state medical cannabis laws. [4] Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné). Submit guest post For young people who are developing psychosis, a supportive, open, understanding family environment works against psychosis and for recovery, whilst a hostile, blaming response worsens the outcome. [99] About 7,000 species of plant have been used for food, though most of today's food is derived from only 30 species. The dry material was transferred to Uppsala. According to DSM-V criteria, 9% of those who are exposed to cannabis develop cannabis use disorder, compared to 20% for cocaine, 23% for alcohol and 68% for nicotine. Linnaeus' original classification placed the fungi within the Plantae, since they were unquestionably neither animals or minerals and these were the only other alternatives. Become an author Some plants are parasitic or mycotrophic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize, but still have flowers, fruits, and seeds. Since the beginning of the 20th century, most countries have enacted laws against the cultivation, possession or transfer of cannabis. While cannabis does not produce physical dependence, mild withdrawal symptoms have been observed in experiments. thinking that you have a mission, and are being sent guidance through the radio) and hallucinations (e. [113] Cannabis users demonstrated increased activity in task-related brain regions, consistent with reduced processing efficiency. This collection was donated by her grandson King Gustav IV Adolf (1778–1837) to the museum in Uppsala in 1804. Submit an article However, the CBD content was found to be extremely low in more recent times. The risk of lung cancer is far lower, maybe as low as someone who doesn’t smoke at all. Cannabis is used to reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy, to improve appetite in people with HIV/AIDS, and to treat chronic pain and muscle spasms. Guest post by The reported vulnerability factors mentioned here imply a strong genetic predisposition and there have been a number of studies looking particularly to specific genes which have been implicated in psychoses. The remains of fossil plants are not as common as fossil animals, although plant fossils are locally abundant in many regions worldwide. Guest post guidelines Carl Linnaeus (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/;[1][2] 23 May[note 1] 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné[3] (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] (listen)), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. wrote in the Ming-I Pieh Lu that:. Cannabis is consumed in many different ways,[61] all of which involve heating to decarboxylate THCA in the plant into THC. [63] Lamarck based his description of the newly named species on plant specimens collected in India. Writers wanted These neurotransmitters affect brain areas that play a role in memory, thinking, concentration, movement, coordination, sensory and time perception, and pleasure. These alternative formulations maximize bioavailability and reduce first-pass metabolism. Submit your content At the top of a flowering plant, this number again diminishes to a single leaflet per leaf. In June 2018, the FDA approved Epidiolex (cannabidiol or CBD) from GW Pharmaceuticals. Guest posting rules sativa; all three may be treated as subspecies of a single species, C. Following approval by the Riksdag of Sweden, Växjö University and Kalmar College merged on 1 January 2010 to become Linnaeus University. A year after Linnaeus's birth, his grandfather Samuel Brodersonius died, and his father Nils became the rector of Stenbrohult. ESPAD Report 2019 (November 2020). [257] In 2014, daily marijuana use amongst US college students had reached its highest level since records began in 1980, rising from 3. Submit content [198] The plant was used in China before 2800 BC, and found therapeutic use in India by 1000 BC, where it was used in food and drink, including bhang. AKT1, serine-threonine protein kinase; COMT, catechol-O-methyltransferase; DAT1, dopamine transporter gene. She tried to sell it to Banks, but he was no longer interested; instead an acquaintance of his agreed to buy the collection. [13] His father taught him Latin as a small child. [135] Thanks to these students, the Linnaean system of taxonomy spread through the world without Linnaeus ever having to travel outside Sweden after his return from Holland. Guest poster wanted For example, selected varieties or genotypes of wheat grow rapidly, maturing within 110 days, whereas others, in the same environmental conditions, grow more slowly and mature within 155 days. Guest posters wanted A previous zoologist Rumphius (1627–1702) had more or less approximated the Linnaean system and his material contributed to the later development of the binomial scientific classification by Linnaeus. Blog for us [62] He considered the genus to be monotypic, having just a single species that he named Cannabis sativa L. Cannabis comes in many different forms. The cannabis plant has two main subspecies, Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, and they can be differentiated by their different physical characteristics. [4] Cannabis contains more than 460 compounds;[7] at least 80 of these are cannabinoids[66][67] – chemical compounds that interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Submit post Two active metabolites are formed: 11-hydroxy-Δ9-THC and 8β-hydroxy-Δ9-THC. Submit content [161] Of his higher groupings, only those for animals are still in use, and the groupings themselves have been significantly changed since their conception, as have the principles behind them. [270][271] A Pew Research Center poll found that political opposition to marijuana use was significantly associated with concerns about the health effects and whether legalization would increase marijuana use by children. Basic biological research has often been done with plants. Submit your content [155][15]:342–357 Not all material in Linné's private collection was transported to England. Guest posting rules Examples of solvents used in this process are cocoa butter, dairy butter, cooking oil, glycerine, and skin moisturizers. 3rd century BCE) Erya dictionary defined xi 枲 "male Cannabis" and fu 莩 (or ju 苴) "female Cannabis". Before trying medical cannabis in any form (even CBD), make sure you discuss it with your doctor to ensure it’s a viable treatment option for you. Depending on the solvent, these may be used in cannabis foods or applied topically. [40] Over that winter, Linnaeus began to doubt Tournefort's system of classification and decided to create one of his own. Write for us [52] Other serious cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, sudden cardiac death, and cardiomyopathy have been reported to be temporally associated with cannabis use. In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a medication that derives from cannabis, to treat two rare and severe types of epilepsy that do not respond well to other treatments. Articles wanted Cannabis use may affect fertility. There have recently been reports of e-cigarettes being used to smoke cannabis – either by using specialised cannabis ‘vapers’ or by turning the cannabis into a liquid which can be used with a normal e-cigarette. Submit post Another difficulty researchers have is in recruiting people who smoke cannabis into studies. Serious side effects can occur. Writers wanted Funded by the Governor of Dalarna, the expedition was to catalogue known natural resources and discover new ones, but also to gather intelligence on Norwegian mining activities at Røros. Guest author [161] Of his higher groupings, only those for animals are still in use, and the groupings themselves have been significantly changed since their conception, as have the principles behind them.